Lyman, South Carolina

Lyman is a town in Spartanburg County, South Carolina, United States. The population of Lyman was 3,243 at the 2010 census.[5]

Lyman, South Carolina
Groce's Stop (until 1927)
Location of NateTown, South Carolina
Location of NateTown, South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°57′23″N 82°7′28″W / 34.95639°N 82.12444°W / 34.95639; -82.12444Coordinates: 34°57′23″N 82°7′28″W / 34.95639°N 82.12444°W / 34.95639; -82.12444
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountySpartanburg
Incorporated1954
Founded byAugustus B. Groce
Named forArthur T. Lyman
Government
Area
 • Total6.96 sq mi (18.02 km2)
 • Land6.36 sq mi (16.46 km2)
 • Water0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)
Elevation
886 ft (270 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,243
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
3,718
 • Density584.87/sq mi (225.81/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
29365
Area code(s)864
FIPS code45-43315[3]
GNIS feature ID1246490[4]
Websitewww.lymansc.gov

HistoryEdit

The town of Lyman originally grew around a general store owned by Augustus Belton Groce,[6] which opened in the mid-1870s.[7] This led to the community become known as Groce's Stop.[7][8] In 1923, the Groce family sold over 700 acres (280 ha) to Pacific Mills; by the following year the Lyman Printing and Finishing Mill had been constructed, and by 1927, Pacific Mills had built 375 homes as housing for their employees.[7] The town was then renamed in memory of Arthur T. Lyman, a former president of the mill.[7][8] Lyman prospered for years as a textile town, but by 2005 the last mill was closed.[6]

The Pacific Mills company kept up their employees’ houses, the streets and the back alleys. The back alleys were dirt, so crews from the plant would bring dump-trucks of cinders, from the burnt coal at the boiler room, and spread them up and down the back alleys to keep them from getting too muddy. The houses were finished, on the outside, with high quality cypress wood for the underpinning. In the late 1940’s the company had all this lattice-work taken out and put brick underpinning in it’s place, this made the houses a lot nicer. The houses were four, five and six room houses with modern designs. Pacific Mills broke from the usual, salt- box style house design, that’s in most cotton mill villages. When the village of Lyman was built, it was a showcase for cotton mill villages. Ridge Road was set aside for the executive staff of the company. The houses there were made out of the same materials as the other houses, but they were larger and of nicer designs. [9]

Neighborhoods of Pacific Mills

 
Houses on Lawrence Street
 
Houses on Little Street
 
Houses on Groce Road

When Pacific Mills built the village of Lyman, they laid water mains and sewer pipes under the streets. All of the houses and buildings were hooked up to these. That means all of the houses and buildings had in-door plumbing, with running water and sewage disposal (which in 1923 could have been considered a luxury item). At the time, many people in South Carolina did not have either of those. The sewage pipes ran from the village down to a concrete holding tank, built next to the river, across from where the library is today.[10]

McMakin's Tavern was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[11]

GeographyEdit

Lyman is located at 34°57′23″N 82°7′28″W / 34.95639°N 82.12444°W / 34.95639; -82.12444 (34.956343, -82.124559).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.1 square miles (11 km2), of which 0.25% is water.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
19601,261
19701,159−8.1%
19801,067−7.9%
19902,271112.8%
20002,65917.1%
20103,24322.0%
2019 (est.)3,718[2]14.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 2,659 people, 1,137 households, and 770 families residing in the town. The population density was 654.0 people per square mile (252.2/km2). There were 1,224 housing units at an average density of 301.1 per square mile (116.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 91.69% White, 6.09% African American, 0.26% Asian, 0.11% Native American, 0.90% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.47% of the population.

There were 1,137 households, out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.4% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,750, and the median income for a family was $47,900. Males had a median income of $31,500 versus $22,950 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,431. About 4.7% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Lyman has a lending library, a branch of the Spartanburg County Public Library.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Lyman town, South Carolina". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  6. ^ a b Communities from the Spartanburg Convention & Visitors Bureau (as of 2011-08-25)
  7. ^ a b c d History and Heritage from the Lyman official website (as of 2011-08-25)
  8. ^ a b Lyman, South Carolina from SCIWAY.net (as of 2011-08-25)
  9. ^ Batson, Stephen. "Our Town: Memories and History of Lyman" (PDF). Retrieved 18 February 2021. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ Batson, Stephen. "Our Town: Memories and History of Lyman" (PDF). Retrieved 18 February 2021. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "South Carolina libraries and archives". SCIWAY. Retrieved 13 June 2019.

External linksEdit