Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia

Lunenburg County is an historical county and census division on the South Shore of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. Major settlements include Bridgewater, Lunenburg, and Mahone Bay.

Lunenburg County
Lunenburg harbourfront
Lunenburg harbourfront
Nickname(s): 
"Christmas Tree Capital of the World"[1]
Location of Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia
Location of Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 44°30′N 64°30′W / 44.5°N 64.5°W / 44.5; -64.5Coordinates: 44°30′N 64°30′W / 44.5°N 64.5°W / 44.5; -64.5
CountryCanada
ProvinceNova Scotia
District
municipalities
Chester / Lunenburg
TownsBridgewater / Lunenburg / Mahone Bay
EstablishedAugust 17, 1759
Electoral Districts
Federal

South Shore–St. Margaret's
ProvincialChester-St. Margaret's / Lunenburg / Lunenburg West
Area
 • Land2,907.93 km2 (1,122.76 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[2][3]
 • Total47,126
 • Density16.2/km2 (42/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Area code(s)902
Dwellings24,786
Median Income*$43,257 CDN
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

HistoryEdit

Named in honour of the British king who was also the duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, it was established in 1759, when the Nova Scotia peninsula was divided into five counties. The county became smaller when new counties were created from its boundaries: Queens (1762), Hants (1781), Shelburne (1784), and Sydney (1784).

By Chapter 52 of the Statutes of 1863, Lunenburg County was divided into two districts for court sessional purposes – Chester and Lunenburg. That statute provided authority for the appointment of a Custos Rotulorum and for the establishment of a general sessions of the peace for the District of Chester, with the same powers as if it were a separate county. In 1879, the two districts were incorporated as district municipalities.

GovernanceEdit

Today the county has no legal status, although its borders are coincident with the five municipalities contained within it:

The above municipalities comprise the entire territory of the county.[4]

There are three Sipekneꞌkatik First Nation reserves in the county:

DemographicsEdit

As a census division in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Lunenburg County recorded a population of 47,126 living in 21,439 of its 26,648 total private dwellings, a change of -0.4% from its 2011 population of 47,313. With a land area of 2,909.77 km2 (1,123.47 sq mi), it had a population density of 16.2/km2 (41.9/sq mi) in 2016.[5]

Access routesEdit

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county boundary:[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.terrysoff.com/lunenburg-county/christmas-tree-capital/
  2. ^ a b "2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-10-04.
  3. ^ Statistics Canada Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data
  4. ^ Municipal Government Act
  5. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  6. ^ Censuses 1871-1941
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  8. ^ Statistics Canada: 2011 census
  9. ^ 2006 Statistics Canada Census Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada: Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia
  10. ^ [1] Religious make-up, for Lunenburg County, 2001 census - 100% data
  11. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7 Pages 78-80, 86-87

External linksEdit