Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero

Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero y de Guzman, (8 January 1635, Palma del Río - 14 September 1709, Toledo, Spain) was a Spanish prelate, who was cardinal archbishop of Toledo. Uncle of Luis Antonio Tomás de Portocarrero y Moscoso, 5th Count, who became a Grandee of Spain, 2nd class, since 1707 by King Felipe V of Spain.


Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero

Retrato del Cardenal Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero.jpg
Born(1635-01-08)8 January 1635
Died14 September 1709(1709-09-14) (aged 74)
NationalitySpanish
OccupationPrelate
Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero
94th Archbishop of Toledo, Primate of Spain
In office
20 December 1677-14 September 1709
Preceded byPascual de Aragón
Succeeded byAntonio Ibáñez de la Riva Herrera
Lieutenant General of the Kingdom of Sicily
In office
1677-1678
Preceded byThe Marchioness Dowager of Castel Ridrogo, Caretaker regent
Succeeded byVicente Gonzaga Doria
Lieutenant General of the Realm
In office
1 November 1700 - 18 February 1701
Preceded byCharles II of Spain (as King)
Succeeded byPhilip V of Spain (as King)
Cardinal Portocarrero's coat of arms.

BiographyEdit

A younger son of the 1st marquis of Almenara, title of 11 July 1623, and 3rd Count of Palma del Rio, title of 22 November 1507, Luis Andres. He became dean of Toledo early, and was made cardinal on 5 August 1669.

Till 1677 he lived at Rome as cardinal protector of the Spanish nation. In 1677 he was appointed interim viceroy of Sicily, counsellor of state and archbishop of Toledo. He ceased to be viceroy of Sicily in 1678, being replaced by Vicente de Gonzaga y Doria, (1602–1694) former Viceroy of Catalonia, 1664–1667, not to be confounded with his nephew Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Guastalla, (1634–1714). On 16 January 1678, he was consecrated bishop by Jaime de Palafox y Cardona, Archbishop of Palermo, with Giovanni Roano e Corrionero, Archbishop of Monreale, and Francesco Arata, Bishop of Lipari, serving as co-consecrators.[1] As archbishop of Toledo he exerted himself to protect the clergy from the obligation to pay the excises or octroi duties known as "the millions" and thereby helped to perpetuate the financial embarrassments of the government.

His position rather than any personal qualities enabled him to play an important part in a great crisis of European politics. The decrepit King Charles II was childless, and the disposal of his inheritance became a question of great interest to the European powers. Fernández de Portocarrero was induced to become a supporter of the French party, which desired that the crown should be left to one of the family of Louis XIV, and not to a member of the king's own family, the Habsburgs. The great authority of Fernández de Portocarrero as cardinal and primate of Spain was used to persuade, or rather to terrify the unhappy king into making a will in favor of the duke of Anjou, Philip V.

He acted as regent till the new king reached Spain and hoped to be powerful under his rule. But the king's French advisers were aware that Spain required a thorough financial and administrative reform. Fernández de Portocarrero could not see, and indeed had not either the intelligence or the honesty to see, the necessity. He was incapable, obstinate and perfectly selfish. The new rulers soon found that he must be removed and he was ordered to return to his diocese. When in 1706 the Austrian party appeared likely to gain the upper hand, Fernández de Portocarrero was led by spite and vexation to go over to them.

When fortune changed he returned to his allegiance to Philip V, and as the government was unwilling to offend the Church he escaped banishment. In 1709 when Louis XIV made a pretence of withdrawing from the support of his grandson, the cardinal made a great display of loyalty. He died in September of the same year and by his orders the words Hic jacet pulvis, cinis, et nihil were put on his tomb (here lies dust, ashes and nothing).

Episcopal successionEdit

He also presided over the priestly ordination of Patrick O'Shea (1690), later Bishop of Ossory.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "FERNÁNDEZ DE PORTOCARRERO, Luis Manuel (1635-1709)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Florida International University. OCLC 53276621.
  2. ^ a b Cheney, David M. "Luis Manuel Cardinal Fernández de Portocarrero-Bocanegra y Moscoso-Osorio". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved February 14, 2019. [self-published]

External linksEdit

(in Spanish)

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Scipione Pannocchieschi d'Elci
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Sabina
1670–1698
Succeeded by
Francesco del Giudice
Preceded by
Pascual de Aragón-Córdoba-Cardona y Fernández de Córdoba
Archbishop of Toledo
1677–1709
Succeeded by
Francisco Valero y Losa
Preceded by
Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri Degli Albertoni
Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina
1698–1709
Succeeded by
Fabrizio Spada