Lovecraft Country (novel)

Lovecraft Country is a 2016 dark fantasy horror novel by Matt Ruff, exploring the conjunction between the horror fiction of H. P. Lovecraft and racism in the United States during the era of Jim Crow laws, as experienced by Black science-fiction fan Atticus Turner and his family. It was published by HarperCollins.

Lovecraft Country
Lovecraft Country (novel).jpg
AuthorMatt Ruff
Cover artistJarrod Taylor
CountryUnited States
GenreDark fantasy, horror
Publication date
Media typePrint


The major characters include:

  • Atticus Turner, a Black man, former soldier in the Korean war.
  • Montrose Freeman, Atticus' father.
  • George Berry, Atticus' uncle (husband of Hippolyta).
  • Hippolyta Berry, Atticus' aunt (wife of George).
  • Letitia Dandridge, a neighborhood friend of Atticus' growing up in Chicago.
  • Ruby Dandridge, Letitia's sister.
  • Samuel Braithwhite, a white man, lodgemaster at Ardham sorcerers' coven.
  • Caleb Braithwhite, Samuel's son.


The book consists of eight interconnected stories:

Lovecraft CountryEdit

Atticus Turner, working in Florida after leaving the army, returns home to Chicago after receiving a mysterious letter from his estranged father, Montrose, saying he had left Chicago to go to Ardham, Massachusetts, where he believed he could find some information on Atticus' mother's family (previously unknown to them). Atticus, his uncle George, and his childhood friend Letitia drive to Ardham to find Montrose. They are chased, accosted, and later nearly murdered by racists on the way.

Once at Ardham they find a large manor house called Ardham Lodge. Atticus learns that he is the descendant of the Lodge's founder, Titus Braithwhite. Montrose is being held hostage, chained up in a basement. The current owner of the house, Samuel Braithwhite, is planning a ceremony with all of the members of his lodge (a sect of sorcerers called "The Order of the Ancient Dawn") during which he needs a Braithwhite descendant to be a conduit for some ancient power. Presumably this will kill Atticus. Caleb Braithwhite (Samuel's only son) is also in attendance and he secretly instructs Atticus with an incantation to say during the ceremony. Atticus does this and it causes the unleashed power to consume Samuel and all the members of the lodge and turn them into dust while protecting Atticus.

Caleb releases Atticus, George, Montrose and Letitia and lets them leave to go back to Chicago.

Dreams of the Which HouseEdit

Letitia receives an inheritance from her late father, a notorious gambler, and uses it to buy, in a white neighborhood, a large 14-bedroom house called the Winthrop House (named after the original owner, Hiram Winthrop) which was being sold cheap due to it being haunted. Letitia plans on fixing it up and renting out the rooms. After moving in, she realizes that the house is haunted by Winthrop's ghost who is not too happy about sharing it with new residents. He and Letitia struggle and he nearly kills her until she convinces him that if he does she will stay as a ghost and haunt him back. After that, they come to an agreement and even find some peace over their shared love of playing games like chess, Letitia never seeing Winthrop but his pieces moving on their own.

Meanwhile the white folks in the neighborhood quickly begin harassing Letitia because they don't want black people living there, swearing at her, vandalizing the car of one of her friends, threatening her, and throwing manure at her front door. One night, three young men break in with intentions to burn the house down. Winthrop's ghost intervenes, and hauls the men down to the basement where they are locked in terror until the police arrive.

Later Atticus discovers that Caleb Braithwhite arranged for the sale of the house to Letitia.

Abdullah's BookEdit

Caleb Braithwhite blackmails George and Montrose to break into the natural history museum and retrieve a secret book, hidden behind magical incantations set to protect it. They bring along a couple members of the Prince Hall Freemasons (a lodge George and Montrose belong to) for help: Abdullah Muhammad and Pirate Joe, the lodgemaster. Abdullah nearly dies in the attempt, but the men are able to retrieve the book. Caleb honors his deal with the men. It's the "Book of Names", once owned by Hiram Winthrop. He delivers to them the book he stole from them along with a sizable amount of money.

Hippolyta Disturbs the UniverseEdit

Hippolyta finds a secret compartment in one of the rooms in the Winthrop House containing a book and a key. The book gives an address for an observatory in Warlock Hill, Wisconsin. Hippolyta, having a life long passion for astronomy, decides to take a trip out there to see it. She finds the observatory and is able to get in with the key. Once inside, she discovers it contains no telescope, just a control console containing 64 windows each displaying a 3-digit number, and a button. She soon discovers that by changing the numbers in the windows and pushing the button, a scene is projected inside the observatory from random places in the universe. There is a doorframe on the other side of the observatory which she suspects would let her walk out into that random place.

The book she found included 64 3-digit numbers, so she dials those in and pushes the button. It displays a white sandy beach. Hippolyta goes through the door frame onto the beach and discovers a house a distance off. Investigating, she is captured by a woman named Ida. Ida explains that she and several others had been taken there nearly 20 years ago by Hiram Winthrop, furious with them that his son had run off with one of the maids, and he was going to keep all of them there until they told him where his son was. To show them he was serious, he left them there and said he would come back in a few days. He never returned. (The implication is he died suddenly before he could return, perhaps at the hands of Samuel Braithwhite, with whom he had a contentious relationship.)

Ida destroys the book with the 64 digit location written in it, and she eventually lets Hippolyta leave, but makes her promise to destroy the key, claiming she wants to stay and be left alone. Hippolyta does leave, but she does not destroy the key.

Jekyll In Hyde ParkEdit

Ruby (Letitia's sister) is approached by Caleb Braithwaite with a proposal. He needs someone to do odd jobs for him and also keep an eye on The Winthrop House. In return, he will give her a potion that will turn her into a beautiful red-haired white woman for a period of time. Ruby tries this and discovers it is real. She explores parts of Chicago as a white woman with freedom she never would have had as a black woman. She agrees to work for Caleb in this fashion.

One of the jobs he has her do is attend a meeting of representatives of different sorcerer lodges from around the country, in disguise as the red-head (who Ruby has named Hillary). There Caleb proposes to each lodge that they join forces, form a sort of union between them, to share knowledge and help each other. When asked who would lead this union, he suggests that they all meet back in Chicago in a few months on Midsummer's Day for a contest. Whoever has the strongest alchemy to display to the others, gets the title of their leader.

Later Ruby discovers that the potion is being made from the blood of a woman in a coma who Caleb keeps nearly frozen in a glass coffin in his basement. Ruby says she wants nothing more to do with him, but cannot bring herself to leave. The story ends with Caleb asking her to be sure of what she wants.

The Narrow HouseEdit

Caleb Braithwaite asks Atticus and Montrose to find Henry Winthrop, the son of Hiram Winthrop. Henry took some of his father's books when he ran away, including his notebooks, and Caleb wants them. Atticus and Montrose embark on a journey to Aken, Illinois, where Henry is rumored to be. However, they soon find that since Henry ran off with a black woman who used to work at his father's house, they were both killed by a racist mob. At their house, Montrose meets the ghosts of Henry and his wife's family, who relive the last day of their lives every day (including the murder). Montrose finds Hiram's books, but decides to tell Caleb they found nothing there. [1]

Horace and the Devil DollEdit

Cousin Horace makes an appearance in this chapter, after being approached by two detectives and Captain Lancaster. A comic book he drew was found near Hiram Winthrop's observatory, and they demand that Horace ask his mother Hippolyta about it and report back to them. Horace refuses to cooperate, so Lancaster casts a spell to prevent Horace from telling others about the situation, and to cause inanimate objects to move. Soon enough, Horace begins to notice all kinds of cartoons and photographs grinning at him, and a doll attacks him. Horace manages to use Scrabble tiles to spell out to Ruby what happened, and Ruby tells Caleb. Caleb reverses the curses, believing Lancaster thought Caleb ordered Hippolyta to snoop around the observatory. He thinks that Lancaster tried to kill Horace to punish Hippolyta for working with Caleb. Caleb devises a plan to kill Captain Lancaster. [1]

The Mark Of CainEdit

Everyone gets together to share their stories about Caleb. Caleb has a plan to get rid of Lancaster, but the family decides that they need to get rid of both of them. They decide to pretend to go along with Caleb's plan, but ask Winthrop's ghost for help. Caleb lures Lancaster into a room where a monster swallows him whole, then Atticus uses magic to alter Caleb's Mark of Cain. The mark prevents Caleb from entering certain places and from doing magic. They toss him into their truck, drop him off in Indiana, and drive away. [1]


Publishers Weekly commended Ruff for his "impressive grasp of classic horror themes", and noted that the book's "most unsettling" aspect is the constant bigotry experienced by the characters,[2] while Kirkus Reviews considered it a "series of bizarre chimerical adventures" and a "merrily macabre pastiche", comparing it favorably to Ruff's previous works.[3]

At Boing Boing, Cory Doctorow described the characters as "active protagonists [with] lives, ... dignity, and ... indomitable spirit", and observed that because of their constant experiences with "harassment, violence, expropriation, and the legacy of slavery", they "don't need Elder Gods to experience horror",[4] while at, Alex Brown judged that the book "thoroughly and effectively marries race and horror" and called it "a tense thriller, a terrifying nightmare, a heartbreaking tragedy, and a tale of holding onto aspiration and optimism even while being chased through the woods by a hellbeast from another dimension".[5]


In 2020, HBO released an adaptation of the novel by showrunner, writer and executive producer Misha Green. Jordan Peele and J. J. Abrams also serve as executive producers.[6]


  1. ^ a b c Lin, Jennifer. "Lovecraft Country: Summary & Synopsis". Originally published on The Bibliofile (for use on Wikipedia only).
  2. ^ "Lovecraft Country". Publishers Weekly. November 30, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  3. ^ "LOVECRAFT COUNTRY". Kirkus Reviews. November 4, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  4. ^ Doctorow, Cory (February 16, 2016). "Matt Ruff's "Lovecraft Country," where the horror is racism (not racist)". Boing Boing. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  5. ^ Brown, Alex (February 16, 2016). "Cthulhu Gon' Slay: Lovecraft Country by Matt Ruff". Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  6. ^ Fleming, Mike, Jr. (May 16, 2017). "'Get Out's Jordan Peele Teams With WBTV, HBO & Bad Robot For 'Lovecraft Country' Drama Series; Misha Green Writing". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 16, 2017.

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