Louis the Stammerer
Louis the Stammerer (French: Louis le Bègue; 1 November 846 – 10 April 879) was the King of Aquitaine and later the King of West Francia. He was the eldest son of emperor Charles the Bald and Ermentrude of Orléans. Louis the Stammerer was physically weak and outlived his father by only two years.
|Louis the Stammerer|
|King of West Francia|
14th-century depiction of Louis's coronation
|Coronation||8 October 877 in Compiègne|
|Predecessor||Charles the Bald|
|Successor||Louis III of France and Carloman II|
|Born||1 November 846|
|Died||10 April 879 (aged 32)|
Saint-Corneille Abbey, Compiègne, France
|Spouse||Ansgarde of Burgundy|
Adelaide of Paris
|Issue||Louis III of France|
Hildegarde of France
Gisela of France
Ermentrude of France
Charles the Simple
|Father||Charles the Bald|
|Mother||Ermentrude of Orléans|
He succeeded his younger brother Charles the Child as the ruler of Aquitaine in 866 and his father in West Francia in 877, but he was never crowned Emperor. In the French monarchial system, he is considered Louis II.
Louis was crowned king on 8 October 877 by Hincmar, archbishop of Reims, at Compiegne and was crowned a second time in August 878 by Pope John VIII at Troyes while the pope was attending a council there. The pope may have even offered him the imperial crown, but it was declined. Louis had relatively little impact on politics. He was described "a simple and sweet man, a lover of peace, justice, and religion". In 878, he gave the counties of Barcelona, Girona, and Besalú to Wilfred the Hairy. His final act was to march against the invading Vikings, but he fell ill and died on 9 April or 10 April 879, not long after beginning this final campaign. On his death, his realms were divided between his two sons, Carloman II and Louis III of France.
During the peace negotiations between his father and Erispoe, duke of Brittany, Louis was betrothed to an unnamed daughter of Erispoe in 856. It is not known if this was the same daughter who later married Gurivant. The contract was broken in 857 after Erispoe's murder.
Louis was married twice. His first wife Ansgarde of Burgundy had two sons: Louis (born in 863) and Carloman (born in 866), both of whom became kings of West Francia, and two daughters: Hildegarde (born in 864) and Gisela (865–884).
|Ancestors of Louis the Stammerer|
- Rosamond McKitterick, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, (Pearson Education Limited, 1999), 258.
- John VIII, Pierre Riche, The Papacy: Gaius-Proxies, Vol. 2, ed. Philippe Levillain, (Routledge, 2002), 837.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 34.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Louis II of France.|
Louis the StammererBorn: 1 November 846 Died: 10 April 879
Charles the Child
| King of Aquitaine
Title next held byRanulf II
Charles the Bald
| King of Neustria
| King of West Francia
Louis III and Carloman
|New title|| Count of Meaux