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Louis Charles Hayward (19 March 1909 – 21 February 1985) was a Johannesburg-born, British-American actor.

Louis Hayward
Louis Hayward in Anthony Adverse trailer.jpg
Louis Hayward in Anthony Adverse
Born Louis Charles Hayward
(1909-03-19)19 March 1909
Johannesburg, South Africa
Died 21 February 1985(1985-02-21) (aged 75)
Palm Springs, California, U.S.
Occupation Stage, film and television actor
Years active 1932–1974
Spouse(s) Ida Lupino (m.1938–1945; divorced)
Peggy Morrow Field (m.1946–1950; divorced)
June Hanson (m.1953–1985; his death); 1 son
Children 1[1]
Awards Bronze Star Medal

Contents

BiographyEdit

Born in Johannesburg, Louis Hayward lived in South Africa and was educated in France and England, including Latymer Upper School in Hammersmith, London.[2] He spent some time managing a night club but wanted to act and bought into a stock company.

English careerEdit

He became a protege of Noël Coward and began appearing in London in plays such as Dracula and Another Language. He was in a Gerard du Maurier play.[3]

He started being cast in some British films of the early 1930s, such as Self Made Lady (1932) and The Man Outside (1933). He had the lead role in Chelsea Life (1933) and supporting parts in Sorrell and Son (1933), The Thirteenth Candle (1933) and I'll Stick to You (1933).

He appeared in a Coward musical Conversation Piece (1934) and had the lead in The Love Test (1935), directed by Michael Powell.

Move to United StatesEdit

Hayward came to Broadway in 1935 with a production of Coward's Point Valaine working with Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne.[4] The play, described as one of Coward's worst and poorly received critically and popularly, only ran a short time.

U.S. movie careerEdit

After the debacle, however, he received an offer from MGM to play a supporting role in The Flame Within (1935), written and directed by Edmund Goulding and starring Ann Harding.[5][6]

Hayward followed that film with A Feather in Her Hat for Columbia, billed after Basil Rathbone.[7] Back at MGM he had support parts in Absolute Quiet (1935) and Trouble for Two (1936).

Hayward's career started to gain momentum when he was cast in the prologue of Warner Bros' expensive blockbuster Anthony Adverse (1936), playing the father of the title character. His profile also was raised by marriage to Ida Lupino.[8]

At Universal, he was the male lead in The Luckiest Girl in the World (1936) with Jane Wyatt, then he went to RKO to support Paul Muni and Miriam Hopkins in The Woman I Love (1937).

Universal cast him in the lead of Midnight Intruder (1938), directed by Arthur Lubin. He also was the male lead in RKO's Condemned Women (1939).

Hayward was cast as the first screen incarnation of Simon Templar in Leslie Charteris' The Saint in New York (1938) at RKO.[citation needed] The film was a hit and would eventually lead to a long-running series. However, the series would star George Sanders.

Hayward supported Danielle Darrieux and Douglas Fairbanks Jr. in The Rage of Paris (1938) at Universal.

Edward SmallEdit

In 1938 Hayward starred in The Duke of West Point (1938) for producer Edward Small, who signed him to make three films over the next five years, meaning he was unable to reprise his part as the Saint.

However, Small started building Hayward into a star, casting him in a dual role in The Man in the Iron Mask (1939) under the direction of James Whale, co-starring with Joan Bennett. The film was a notable success.[9]

Small put Hayward into My Son, My Son! (1940) with Madeleine Carroll and Brian Aherne.[10] RKO borrowed him for Dance, Girl, Dance (1940) where he appeared with Maureen O'Hara and Lucille Ball. Small then put him in The Son of Monte Cristo (1940), another swashbuckler with Bennett and a sequel to the 1934 The Count of Monte Cristo.

Hayward was loaned to Columbia to co-star with Ida Lupino in Ladies in Retirement (1941).

War serviceEdit

During World War II, Hayward enlisted in the United States Marine Corps in July 1942.[11] He commanded a photographic unit that filmed the Battle of Tarawa in the documentary With the Marines at Tarawa—winner of the 1944 Academy Award for Best Documentary (Short Subject). Hayward was awarded the Bronze Star Medal.[12]

While off-duty in New Zealand he "went under the name of 'Captain Richards' to avoid the rush of the ladies" as recalled by a waiter at the Green Parrot, a Wellington restaurant.[13]

Return to HollywoodEdit

Returning to Hollywood, he played Philip Lombard in the 1945 film version of And Then There Were None (1945) for René Clair.

For Hunt Stromberg, he co-starred with Jane Russell in Young Widow (1946) and supported Hedy Lamarr in The Strange Woman (1946). He returned to the swashbuckler genre for Edward Small with Monte Cristo's Revenge (1947).

Hayward made a thriller for Eagle Lion, Repeat Performance (1947), then did The Black Arrow Strikes (1948), another swashbuckler. Eagle Lion used him in Ruthless (1948) with Zachary Scott, then he did Walk a Crooked Mile (1948) for Small.

Hayward went to Italy to make The Masked Pirate (1951) for United Artists. After Fritz Lang cast him in the lead of House by the River (1950) for Republic Pictures, he did some adventure films for Columbia: Fortunes of Captain Blood (1950) and Dick Turpin's Ride (1951). For the latter studio, he also starred in The Son of Dr. Jekyll (1951).

Walter Wanger cast him in Lady in the Iron Mask (1951), then he did Captain Blood, Fugitive (1952), a sequel to Fortunes of Captain Blood.[citation needed]

TelevisionEdit

Hayward began appearing on TV in "Crossed and Double Crossed" for The Ford Television Theatre (1952). For Allied Artists, he starred in and helped produce Storm Over Africa (1953), then he reprised his role as Simon Templar in The Saint's Return (1954), shot in Britain. He starred in Men Behind Bars (1954) for Warner Bros.

Hayward starred in the 1954 syndicated television series The Lone Wolf, which ran for 39 episodes. He did episodes of Matinee Theatre ("Beginning Now"), Climax! ("A Promise to Murder"), TV Reader's Digest ("The Voyage of Captain Tom Jones, Pirate"), Lux Video Theatre ("So Evil My Love", "Suspicion"), The O Henry Playhouse ("Hearts and Hands"), Studio One in Hollywood ("Balance of Terror"), Schlitz Playhouse ("A Contest of Ladies"), The Highwayman, and Decision ("Stand and Deliver").

In films, he was in The Search for Bridey Murphy (1956). He guest starred on series such as Riverboat and was in a TV production of The Picture of Dorian Gray (1961) with George C. Scott.

Hayward's work onstage included Noël Coward's Conversation Piece and, in the early 1960s, the national tour of Camelot in which he appeared as King Arthur.[14]

Hayward starred in the 1961 British television series The Pursuers (1961–62). Hayward's other television work includes the Alfred Hitchcock Hour ("Day of Reckoning"), Kraft Television Theatre ("Dead on Nine"), Rawhide, and Burke's Law.

Later careerEdit

Hayward's last films included Chuka (1967) and The Christmas Kid (1967). He had roles in Harold Robbins' The Survivors (1969), The Phynx (1970), Night Gallery (1971), The Last of the Powerseekers (1973) and Terror in the Wax Museum (1973). His last appearance was in an episode of The Magician, titled "The Illusion of the Lethal Playthings" (1974).

For his contributions to the motion picture and television industries, Hayward was honored in 1960 with two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1500 and 1680 Vine Street, respectively.[15][16]

Personal lifeEdit

Hayward married actress/director Ida Lupino on 17 November 1938 in a quiet civil ceremony held in the Santa Barbara courthouse. After he returned from the war, he was drastically different, which caused a strain in the marriage. They were divorced in 1945. He then met Peggy Morrow, and after dating for a while, they married on 29 May 1946. They divorced four years later on 13 March 1950.

Hayward had one son, Dana (died 2007), with his third wife, June Hanson (died 1998).[17][18]

DeathEdit

Louis Hayward died on 21 February 1985 at the age of 75 in Palm Springs, California from lung cancer.[19]

Hayward publicly stated that his more than five-decade-long habit of smoking three packs of cigarettes daily was the likely cause of his cancer.[20][21]

FilmographyEdit

SourcesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dana Hayward's Obituary on Santa Cruz Sentinel". Retrieved 13 November 2016. 
  2. ^ Latymer Upper School; A History of the School and Its Foundation, Nigel Watson
  3. ^ "Louis Hayward's lucky day". The Australian Women's Weekly. 7 (16). 23 September 1939. p. 4 (The Movie World). Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  4. ^ League, The Broadway. "Point Valaine – Broadway Play – Original". Retrieved 13 November 2016. 
  5. ^ Louis Hayward Role Wall Street Journal (1923 – Current file) [New York], 14 June 1935: 11.
  6. ^ "Film Gossip From London". The Telegraph. Queensland, Australia. 19 September 1939. p. 15. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  7. ^ Louis Hayward Longs for Adventurous Life Kingsley, Grace. Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) [Los Angeles, California], 6 March 1939, p. 20.
  8. ^ "What Fate Does to Mortals Who Go Against Her Decrees". The Mirror. 14 (762). Western Australia. 5 December 1936. p. 18. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  9. ^ "Overnight Fame for Louis Hayward? HOLLYWOOD PRODUCER THINKS SO". Daily News. 1 (248). New South Wales, Australia. 16 September 1939. p. 7. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  10. ^ "ENTER VILLAIN LOUIS HAYWARD!". The Australian Women's Weekly. 7 (50). 18 May 1940. p. 4 (The Movie World). Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  11. ^ Louis Hayward Joins Marines New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 12 July 1942: 11
  12. ^ Tarawa documentary won Academy Award – Marine Corps Community for USMC Veterans, leatherneck.com; accessed 21 September 2014.
  13. ^ Bioletti, Harry The Yanks are Coming: the American Invasion of New Zealand 1942–1944 (1989, Century Hutchison); ISBN 1-86941-034-3, p. 69
  14. ^ Louis Hayward at the Internet Broadway Database
  15. ^ Hollywood Walk of Fame
  16. ^ L.A. Times Hollywood Star Walk, latimes.com; accessed 1 September 2017.
  17. ^ The Columbia Encyclopedia of Modern Drama. Columbia University Press. 2007. p. 296. ISBN 978-0-231-14032-4. 
  18. ^ Hoare, Philip Hoare (1995). Noel Coward: A Biography. Simon & Schuster. p. 273. ISBN 0-684-80937-0. 
  19. ^ Louis Hayward, South African–American Actor dies, sahistory.org.za; accessed 1 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Actor Louis Hayward dead at age 75". The Tuscaloosa News. 22 February 1985. p. 17. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  21. ^ "From the Archives: Film, TV Actor Louis Hayward Dies". L.A. Times. 22 February 1985. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 

External linksEdit