Ellen Miriam Hopkins (October 18, 1902 – October 9, 1972) was an American actress known for her versatility. She first signed with Paramount Pictures in 1930, working with Ernst Lubitsch and Joel McCrea, among many others. Her long-running feud with Bette Davis was publicized for effect. She later became a pioneer of TV drama, and was a distinguished Hollywood hostess who moved in intellectual and creative circles.
Hopkins in the 1930s
Ellen Miriam Hopkins
October 18, 1902
Savannah, Georgia, U.S.
|Died||October 9, 1972 (aged 69)|
New York City, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Brandon Peters (1926–1927)|
Austin Parker (1928–1931)
Anatole Litvak (1937–1939)
Raymond B. Brock (1945–1951)
Hopkins was born in Savannah, Georgia to Homer Hopkins and Ellen Cutler and raised in Bainbridge, near the Alabama border. She had an older sister, Ruby (1900-1990). Her maternal great-grandfather, the fourth mayor of Bainbridge, helped establish St. John's Episcopal Church in Bainbridge where Hopkins sang in the choir.
In 1909, she briefly lived in Mexico. After her parents separated, she moved as a teen with her mother to Syracuse, New York to be near her uncle, Thomas Cramer Hopkins, head of the geology department at Syracuse University.
She attended Goddard Seminary in Barre, Vermont (which later became Goddard College in Plainfield, Vermont) and Syracuse University in New York. She became estranged from her father, and when in 1922, at the age of 19, she applied for a passport in preparation for a theatrical tour of South America, she listed his address as "unknown."
At age 20, Hopkins became a chorus girl in New York City and subsequently acted regularly on the stage throughout the 1920s. In 1930, she signed with Paramount Pictures and made her official film debut in Fast and Loose. Her first great success was in the 1931 horror drama film Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, where she portrayed Ivy Pearson, a prostitute who becomes entangled with Jekyll and Hyde. She received rave reviews, but because of the character's and film's potential controversy, many of her scenes were cut before the official release, reducing her screen time to about five minutes.
Nevertheless, her career ascended swiftly thereafter, and in 1932 she made her breakthrough in Ernst Lubitsch's Trouble in Paradise, where she proved her charm and wit as a beautiful and jealous pickpocket. During the pre-code Hollywood of the early 1930s, she appeared in The Smiling Lieutenant, The Story of Temple Drake, and Design for Living, all of which were box-office successes and critically acclaimed. Her pre-code films were considered risqué at the time, with The Story of Temple Drake depicting a rape scene and Design for Living featuring a ménage à trois with Fredric March and Gary Cooper. She also had success during the remainder of the decade with the romantic comedy The Richest Girl in the World (1934); the historical drama Becky Sharp (1935), for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress; Barbary Coast (1935); These Three (1936) (the first of four films with director William Wyler); and The Old Maid (1939).
Hopkins was one of the first actresses approached to play the role of Ellie Andrews in It Happened One Night (1934). She rejected the part, and Claudette Colbert was cast instead. She auditioned for the role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind, and had one advantage none of the other candidates had—she was a native Georgian—but the part went to Vivien Leigh. Both Colbert and Leigh won Oscars for their performances.
Hopkins had well-publicized fights with her arch-enemy Bette Davis. (Hopkins believed Davis was having an affair with Hopkins's husband at the time, Anatole Litvak) when they costarred in their two films The Old Maid (1939) and Old Acquaintance (1943). Davis admitted to enjoying very much a scene in Old Acquaintance in which she shakes Hopkins forcefully when Hopkins's character makes unfounded allegations against Davis's. Press photos were even taken with the two divas in a boxing ring, gloves up, and director Vincent Sherman between them like a referee. Davis described Hopkins as a "terribly good actress", but also "terribly jealous" in later interviews.
After Old Acquaintance, Hopkins did not work in films again until The Heiress (1949), where she played the lead character's aunt. In Mitchell Leisen's 1951 comedy The Mating Season, she gave a comic performance as Gene Tierney's character's mother. She also acted in The Children's Hour, which is the theatrical basis of her film These Three (1936). In the remake, she played the aunt to Shirley MacLaine, who took Hopkins' original role.
Hopkins was a television pioneer. She performed in teleplays from the late 1940s through the late 1960s, in such programs as The Chevrolet Tele-Theatre (1949), Pulitzer Prize Playhouse (1951), Lux Video Theatre (1951-1955), The Outer Limits (1964), and even an episode of The Flying Nun ("Bertrille and the Silent Flicks") in 1969.
Hopkins married four times. Her first marriage was to actor Brandon Peters, second to aviator and screenwriter Austin Parker, third to the director Anatole Litvak, and fourth to war correspondent Raymond B. Brock. In 1932, she adopted a son, Michael T. Hopkins (March 29, 1932 - October 5, 2010), who had a career in the U.S. Air Force.
She was known for hosting elegant parties. John O'Hara, a frequent guest, noted that
most of her guests were chosen from the world of the intellect...Miriam knew them all, had read their work, had listened to their music, had bought their paintings. They were not there because a secretary had given her a list of highbrows.
Hopkins died in New York City from a heart attack nine days before her 70th birthday. She is buried in Oak City Cemetery in Bainbridge, Georgia.
|1930||Fast and Loose||Marion Lenox||Hopkins's film debut|
|1931||The Smiling Lieutenant||Princess Anna||The first of three films Hopkins made with Lubitsch|
|1931||24 Hours||Rosie Duggan|
|1931||Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde||Ivy Pearson|
|1932||Two Kinds of Women||Emma Krull|
|1932||Dancers in the Dark||Gloria Bishop|
|1932||The World and the Flesh||Maria Yaskaya|
|1932||Trouble in Paradise||Lily||Second film directed by Lubitsch and starring Hopkins|
|1933||The Story of Temple Drake||Temple Drake||Based on Faulkner's scandalous novel Sanctuary|
|1933||The Stranger's Return||Louise Starr|
|1933||Design for Living||Gilda Farrell||Third and final film Hopkins and Lubitsch made together|
|1934||All of Me||Lydia Darrow|
|1934||She Loves Me Not||Curly Flagg|
|1934||The Richest Girl in the World||Dorothy Hunter||First of five films Hopkins and McCrea made together|
|1935||Becky Sharp||Becky Sharp||Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress|
The first feature film made in the three strip Technicolor process
|1935||Barbary Coast||Mary 'Swan' Rutledge||Second film starring Hopkins and McCrea|
|1935||Splendor||Phyllis Manning Lorrimore||Third film starring Hopkins and McCrea|
|1936||These Three||Martha Dobie||The film was adapted from the 1934 play The Children's Hour by Lillian Hellman.|
Fourth film starring Hopkins and McCrea
|1936||Men Are Not Gods||Ann Williams|
|1937||The Woman I Love||Madame Helene Maury||Hopkins married director Anatole Litvak shortly after this film was made.|
It is the only film Hopkins made with Paul Muni
|1937||Woman Chases Man||Virginia Travis||Final film Hopkins and McCrea made together|
|1937||Wise Girl||Susan 'Susie' Fletcher|
|1939||The Old Maid||Delia Lovell Ralston||The first of two films Hopkins made with Bette Davis|
|1940||Virginia City||Julia Hayne||Hopkins co-starred with Errol Flynn|
|1940||Lady with Red Hair||Mrs. Leslie Carter|
|1942||A Gentleman After Dark||Flo Melton|
|1943||Old Acquaintance||Millie Drake||Second of two films Hopkins made with Bette Davis.|
|1949||The Heiress||Lavinia Penniman||Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture|
|1951||The Mating Season||Fran Carleton|
|1952||The Outcasts of Poker Flat||Mrs. Shipton / 'The Duchess'|
|1961||The Children's Hour||Lily Mortar||Hopkins had starred in the original film adaptation of the play The Children's Hour entitled These Three in the role of Martha Dobie. In this film Shirley MacLaine played Martha and Miriam Hopkins played her Aunt Lily.|
|1964||Fanny Hill||Mrs. Maude Brown|
|1966||The Chase||Mrs. Reeves||Hopkins played the mother of Robert Redford's character|
|1970||Savage Intruder||Katharine Parker||Hopkins's last film, (final film role)|
- "The Home Girl" (1928)
- "Hollywood on Parade No. B-1" (1933)
- Obituary Variety, October 11, 1972, p. 71.
- Virginia, Marriage Records 1936-2014
- 1910 United States Federal Census
- "St. John's Episcopal Church, Bainbridge, GA". Episcopal Church. June 13, 2011.
- "Miriam Hopkins (1902-1972)". Georgiaencyclopedia.org. August 28, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- Profile Archived 2014-11-13 at the Wayback Machine, archives.syr.edu; accessed June 27, 2015.
- [Ancestry.com] U.S. Passports Applications, 1795-1925, "Meriam Hopkins, Passport Issue Date 30 January 1922"
- Profile, allanellenberger.com; accessed June 27, 2015.
- Profile, imdb.com; accessed June 27, 2015.
- Wiley, Mason; Damien Bona (1987). Inside Oscar: The Unofficial History of the Academy Awards. Ballantine Books. p. 54. ISBN 0-345-34453-7.
- Soares, Andre (December 3, 2006). "Miriam Hopkins Biography in the Works". Alternative Film Guide.
- "michael hopkins « HOLLYWOODLAND".
- "TimesMachine". Timesmachine.nytimes.com. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- Michael Janeway (August 22, 2009). The Fall of the House of Roosevelt: Brokers of Ideas and Power from FDR to LBJ. Books.google.com. Retrieved October 17, 2015.