Lough Derg (Shannon)
Lough Derg, historically Lough Dergart (Irish: Loch Deirgeirt), is a freshwater lake in the Shannon River Basin, Ireland. It is the third-biggest on the island of Ireland (after Lough Neagh and Lough Corrib).
|Primary inflows||River Shannon|
|Primary outflows||River Shannon|
|Max. length||38.6 km (24.0 mi)|
|Max. width||12.9 km (8.0 mi)|
|Surface area||130 km2 (50 sq mi)|
|Average depth||7.6 m (25 ft)|
|Max. depth||36 m (118 ft)|
|Water volume||0.887 km3 (0.213 cu mi)|
|Residence time||0.15 years|
|Shore length1||179,000 m (587,000 ft)|
|Surface elevation||33.5 m (110 ft)|
|Settlements||Garrykennedy, Portumna, Killaloe & Ballina, Dromineer, Terryglass|
|1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.|
It is a long, narrow lake, with shores in counties Clare (south-west), Galway (north-west), and Tipperary (to the east). It is the southernmost of three large lakes on the River Shannon; the others being Lough Ree and Lough Allen. Towns and villages on Lough Derg include Portumna, Killaloe & Ballina, Dromineer, Terryglass, Mountshannon and Garrykennedy.
At its deepest, the lake is 36 metres deep and covers an area of 130 km² (50.2 sq miles). Close downstream from where Lough Derg empties into the Shannon are the falls of Doonass, the largest fall on the otherwise gently sloping river. Nearby is the location of the hydroelectric power plant at Ardnacrusha, which, when built in 1927 was the world's largest.
In the nineteenth century, Lough Derg was an important artery from the port at Limerick to Dublin through the canals in the midlands of Ireland. Navigable over its full 40 km length, Lough Derg is today popular with cruisers and other pleasure craft, as well as sailing and fishing. The University of Limerick have an activity centre by the lake, just north of Killaloe, where there are canoes, kayaks, windsurfing, sailing dingies, and other recreations.
Lough Derg is home to an RNLI Lifeboat which is based at Dromineer, the first inland station in Ireland.In June 2013, 35 people were brought to safety when a major rescue effort was undertaken after an international rowing event was hit by severe weather.
Dublin City Council published a plan in 2011 for a pipeline to supply up to 350 million litres of water a day from Lough Derg to Dublin city and region. In 2016 the Parteen Basin at the south of lough was chosen as the proposed site of extraction. Water would be pumped to a break pressure tank at Knockanacree near Cloughjordan in County Tipperary and gravity fed from there to Dublin. 
The North-East Shore is listed as a Special Area of Conservation.
- Placenames Database of Ireland
- MacKillop, James. Myths and Legends of the Celts. Penguin, 2006. p.137
- International Lake Environment Committee Foundation Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
- Hilliard, Mark. "Lough Derg rescue operation brings 35 ashore after rowing event". www.irishtimes.com. THE IRISH TIMES. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- "Sea eagles return to Irish nest". The Irish Times. 30 April 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- RTÉ: Rare eagle reintroduced to Ireland
- White-tailed Eagle
- Minchin, D., Boelens, R. and Roden, C. 2017. The first record of Nitellopsis obtusa (N.A.Desvaux) J.Groves (Charophyceae, Characeae) in Ireland (H9,H10). Irish Naturalists' Journal 35(2) p.105-109
- Waterways Ireland ePortal Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
- aerial view of Lough Derg's northern shores, featuring Terryglass Drominagh and Kilgarvan Quay
- Alien species threatening ecology of Lough Derg Irish Examiner, 18 February 2011
- Asian clams threaten Lough Derg fish stock Dan Danaher, The Clare Champion, 21 June 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lough Derg (Munster).|