Loretta Jane Swit (born November 4, 1937) is an American stage and television actress known for her character roles. Swit is best known for her portrayal of Major Margaret "Hot Lips" Houlihan on M*A*S*H, for which she won two Emmy Awards.
Loretta Jane Swit
November 4, 1937
Passaic, New Jersey, U.S.
(m. 1983; div. 1995)
Born in Passaic, New Jersey, of Polish descent, Swit's parents were Lester and Nellie Świt. She graduated from Pope Pius XII High School in Passaic in 1955. In 1957, she graduated from Katharine Gibbs School in Montclair in June, then was employed as a stenographer in Bloomfield. She studied drama with Gene Frankel in Manhattan in New York City and considered him her acting coach. She regularly returned to his studio to speak with aspiring actors throughout her career. Swit is also a singer, having trained at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts.
In 1967, Swit toured with the national company of Any Wednesday, starring Gardner McKay. She continued as one of the Pigeon sisters opposite Don Rickles and Ernest Borgnine in a Los Angeles run of The Odd Couple.
In 1975, Swit played in Same Time, Next Year on Broadway opposite Ted Bessell. She also performed on Broadway in The Mystery of Edwin Drood. From there, she played Agnes Gooch in the Las Vegas version of Mame, starring Susan Hayward and later, Celeste Holm. Most recently, Swit has toured with The Vagina Monologues.
In August–September 2010, Swit starred in the world premier of the Mark Miller play, Amorous Crossings, at the Alhambra Dinner Theatre in Jacksonville, Florida, directed by Todd Booth.
In 2017, Swit appeared in Six Dance Lessons in Six Weeks in Buffalo, New York.
Starting in 1972, Swit played the lusty, extremely capable head nurse Major Margaret "Hot Lips" Houlihan in the television series M*A*S*H, a comedy set in an American mobile army hospital during the Korean War. Swit inherited the star-making role from actress Sally Kellerman, who portrayed Houlihan in the feature film. In the first few seasons her character was single and blindly patriotic, and she had no friends among the camp surgeons and nurses, with the notable exception of her married lover, Major Frank Burns, portrayed by Larry Linville. Over time her character was considerably softened. She married a lieutenant-colonel but divorced soon after. She became good friends with her fellow officers, and her attitude towards the Koreans in and around the camp became more enlightened. The change reflected that of the series in general, from absurdist dark humour to mature comedy-drama. Swit was one of only four cast members to stay for all 11 seasons of the show, from 1972 to 1983 (the others are Alan Alda, Jamie Farr, and William Christopher).
Swit and Alda were the only actors to have been in both the pilot episode and the finale; she appeared in all but 11 of the total of 256 episodes. Swit received two Emmy Awards for her work on M*A*S*H.
She also had a close relationship with Harry Morgan, who played Colonel Sherman T. Potter. They became neighbors after the series ended, until his death on December 7, 2011. Swit continues to stay close to Alda, along with his wife, three daughters and seven grandchildren.
Cagney & LaceyEdit
In 1981, Swit played the Christine Cagney role in the movie pilot for the television series Cagney & Lacey but was precluded by contractual obligations from continuing the role. Actress Meg Foster portrayed Cagney for the first six episodes of the television series, with Sharon Gless taking over the role from that point on.
Other TV workEdit
Swit also guest-starred in shows such as Bonanza, The Love Boat, Win, Lose or Draw, Gunsmoke, Match Game, Pyramid, The Muppet Show and Hollywood Squares. On one episode of Match Game, Swit wrote the Polish greeting "Dzień dobry" (even with the diacritical mark) on her card during the introduction. She also starred in Christmas programs such as the television version of The Best Christmas Pageant Ever and 1987's PBS special A Christmas Calendar. In 1988 she hosted "Korean War-The Untold Story", a documentary on the true events of the war and went to South Korea to film it, becoming the first M*A*S*H cast member to actually visit the country outside of Jamie Farr and Alan Alda who both served there in the mid 1950s while members of the U.S Army. In 1992, she hosted the 26-part series Those Incredible Animals on the Discovery Channel. Swit's latest appearance was on GSN Live on October 10, 2008.
Swit guest-starred with Mike Connors in Mannix, Episode 78, Season 4, "Figures in a Landscape", written by Paul Krasny Directed by Donn Mullally originally airing on October 10, 1970. Mannix Program Information
Swit guest-starred in Hawaii Five-O episode "Bait Once, Bait Twice", January 4, 1972. She also played Wanda Russell in the Hawaii Five-0 episode titled Three Dead Cows at Makapuu which aired February 25th, 1970.
|1972||Stand Up and Be Counted||Hilary McBride|
|1973||Deadhead Miles||Lady with Glass Eye|
|1974||Freebie and the Bean||Mildred Meyers - Red's Wife|
|1975||Race with the Devil||Alice|
|1986||Whoops Apocalypse||President Barbara Adams|
|1998||Beach Movie||Mrs. Jones|
|2019||Play the Flute||Mrs. Kincaid||Post-production|
|1969–72||Hawaii Five-O||Anna / Wanda Russell / Betty||4 episodes|
|1970||Mission: Impossible||Midge Larson||Episode: "Homecoming"|
|1970||Mannix||Dorothy Harker / Jill Packard||Episodes: "Only One Death to a Customer" (Season 3-Episode 20), "Figures in a Landscape" (Season 4-Episode 04)|
|1970||Gunsmoke||Belle Clark / Donna||Episodes: "The Pack Rat", "Snow Train" (Parts 1 & 2)|
|1971||Cade's County||Ginny Lomax||Episode: "Homecoming"|
|1971||The Bold Ones: The New Doctors||Rosalyn||Episode: "The Convicts"|
|1972||Fireball Forward||Nurse (uncredited)||TV movie|
|1972||Bonanza||Ellen Sue Greely||Episode: "A Visit to Upright"|
|1972||Young Dr. Kildare||Alice||Episode: "The Nature of the Beast"|
|1972–83||M*A*S*H||Major Margaret "Hot Lips" Houlihan||251 episodes|
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series (1980, 1982)
People's Choice Award for Favorite Female TV Performer (1983)
Nominated–Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series (1974–79, 1981, 1983)
Nominated–Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy (1980, 1982)
Nominated–Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film (1974, 1983)
|1972||Love, American Style||Doris||Segment "Love and the Pick-Up Fantasy"|
|1973||Ironside||Sally Pearson||Episode: "Ollinger's Last Case"|
|1973||Match Game||Herself||Game Show Participant / Celebrity Guest Star|
|1973||Shirts/Skins||Linda Bush||TV movie|
|1973||Love, American Style||Mary Beth Scoggins||Segment "Love and the Locksmith"|
|1973-1979||Match Game||Herself||51 episodes|
|1973-1979||The Mike Douglas Show||Herself||6 episodes|
|1974||Petrocelli||Ella Knox||Episode: "By Reason of Madness"|
|1974||The Merv Griffin Show||Herself||1 episode|
|1975||The Last Day||Daisy||TV movie|
|1975||It's a Bird...It's a Plane...It's Superman||Sydney||TV movie|
|1975||Rickles||Major Hotlips Houlihan||TV special|
|1975||The Bobby Vinton Show||Herself||1 episode|
|1975||Celebrity Bowling||Herself||2 episodes|
|1976||Good Heavens||Maxine||Episode: "Good Neighbor Maxine"|
|1977||The Hostage Heart||Chris LeBlanc||TV movie|
|1977-1978||The Love Boat||Terry Larsen / Anoushka Mishancov||2 episodes|
|1979||Supertrain||Alice Phillips||Episode: "Hail to the Chief"|
|1979||Mirror, Mirror||Sandy McLaren||TV movie|
|1979||Friendships, Secrets and Lies||B.J.||TV movie|
|1979-1980||Password Plus||Herself||Game Show Contestant / Celebrity Guest Star (4 episodes)|
|1980||The Love Tapes||Samantha Young||TV movie|
|1981||Cagney & Lacey||Detective Christine Cagney||TV movie|
|1982||The Kid from Nowhere||Caroline Baker||TV movie|
|1982||Games Mother Never Taught You||Laura Bentells||TV movie|
|1983||First Affair||Jane Simon||TV movie|
|1983||The Best Christmas Pageant Ever||Grace Bradley||TV movie|
|1984||The Love Boat||Kathy Ross||Episode: "My Mother, My Chaperone/The Present/The Death and Life of Sir Albert Demerest/Welcome Aboard"|
|1985||The Execution||Marysia Walenka||TV movie|
|1985||Sam||Samantha Flynn||TV pilot episode|
|1985||Miracle at Moreaux||Sister Gabrielle||TV movie|
|1986||Dreams of Gold: The Mel Fisher Story||Deo Fisher||TV movie|
|1987||A Christmas Calendar||Herself (Host)||TV special|
|1988||14 Going on 30||Miss Louisa Horton||TV movie|
|1988||Dolly||LuWanda Novack||Episode: "#1.19"|
|1989||ABC Afterschool Special||Wanda Karpinsky||Episode: "My Dad Can't Be Crazy... Can He?"|
|1990||A Matter of Principle||Jane Short||TV movie|
|1991||Hell Hath No Fury||Connie Stewart||TV movie|
|1991||Memories of M*A*S*H||Herself / Major Hotlips Houlihan||TV special|
|1992||Batman: The Animated Series||Marcia Cates (voice)||Episode: "Mad as a Hatter"|
|1992||A Killer Among Friends||Detective Patricia Staley||TV movie|
|1992||The Big Battalions||Cora Lynne||TV miniseries|
|1994||Murder, She Wrote||Kim Mitchell||Episode: "Portrait of Death"|
|1995||Burke's Law||Evelyn Turner||Episode: "Who Killed the Sweet Smell of Success?"|
|1997||Cow and Chicken||Judge (voice)||Episode: "Space Cow/The Legend of Sailcat"|
|1998||Diagnosis: Murder||Maggie Dennings||Episode: "Drill for Death"|
|1999–2004||Hollywood Squares||Herself||6 episodes|
|2002||M*A*S*H: 30th Anniversary Reunion||Herself / Major Hotlips Houlihan||TV special|
Swit has written a book on needlepoint (A Needlepoint Scrapbook). In it, she declared, "We are Ms. Pac-Man fanatics in our house." She owns a Ms. Pac-Man machine. The book also includes a Ms. Pac-Man needlepoint design.
In the 1980s, Swit supported efforts of R Adams Cowley, founder of the shock trauma unit at the University of Maryland, the first of its kind in the United States. Swit helped bring attention to his use of helicopters to transport injured civilians to shock trauma centers since 1969.
Awards and honorsEdit
- Barnes, Clive (February 21, 1976). "Stage: 'Same Time,' 1976". The New York Times. Retrieved November 7, 2011.
- Christiansen, Richard (July 26, 1990). "Loretta Swit Offers A Splendid `Shirley Valentine`". Chicago Tribune.
- Kates, Kathryn (September 24, 2010). "Loretta Swit is Shirley Valentine". She Knows Media.
- "North Carolina Theatre". Nctheatre.com. Archived from the original on April 4, 2011. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
- M*A*S*H: The Martinis & Medicine Collection – Special Features: Disc 1 – "My Favorite MASH"
- "RIP Harry Morgan [Archive". The Gear Page. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Sue Reilly (March 12, 1979). "Major Hottie". People.
- A Christmas Calendar (1987). Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved October 26, 2008
- The Last Day (1975), see Full Cast & Crew on IMDb
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Loretta Swit.|
- Loretta Swit on IMDb
- Loretta Swit at the Internet Broadway Database
- Loretta Swit at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Loretta Swit at The Interviews: An Oral History of Television
- "SwitHeart Animal Alliance". Switheart.com.
- Thomas, Nick (Jan 5, 2017). "M*A*S*H's Loretta Swit paints to help animals". The Spectrum. Tinseltown Talks. Retrieved January 14, 2017.