Lord of Connaught

Lord of Connaught (Connacht) was a title used by several Norman barons in Ireland. Granted to William de Burgh, the lordship was claimed by his son, Richard Mor de Burgh, and his descendants.

ConquestEdit

During the Norman invasion of Ireland, William de Burgh (d.1206) was apparently granted Connacht, but never took possession of it. It remained in the hands of native kings until 1224, when his son, Richard Mor de Burgh, claimed it on the basis of his father's grant. Richard's uncle Hubert de Burgh was then Justiciar of Ireland and upheld the claim in 1227. Richard called upon the feudal levies of Ireland and conquered Connacht (1235), assuming the title Lord of Connaught.

Richard's son Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster, his son Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster, and Richard Óg's grandson William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster all seem to have used the title but, on the death of the latter in 1333, civil war broke out over control of the de Burgh lands.

DivisionEdit

Connacht was divided between Sir Ulick Burke (1st Mac William Uachtar (Upper Mac William) or Clanricarde, Galway) and Edmond Albanach de Burgh (1st Mac William Íochtar or Lower Mac William, Mayo)[1] and the title fell out of use. It was not recognized in the Peerage of Ireland, and the heirs-general of William Donn, who retained the title Earl of Ulster, did not continue to use it.

GenealogyEdit

de Burgh Genealogy: Lords of Connacht, Earls of Ulster and Earls of Kent
Walter de Burgh of Burgh Castle, Norfolk
m. Alice
William de Burgh
(d. 1206)
Hubert de Burgh
1st Earl of Kent
(d. before 1243)
Geoffrey de Burgh
Bishop of Ely
(d. 1228)
Thomas de Burgh
Richard Mór /Óge de Burgh
Lord of Connacht
(d. 1242/3)
Hubert de Burgh
Bishop of Limerick
(d. 1250)
William de Burgh
Sheriff of Connacht
Sir Richard de Burgh
Constable of Montgomery Castle
(d. 1248)
Walter de Burgh
Lord of Connacht
1st Earl of Ulster
(d. 1271)
William Óg de Burgh
(d. 1270)
Richard Óg de Burgh
Lord of Connacht
2nd Earl of Ulster
(1259–1326)
de Burgh/Burkes of Mayo (Mac William Íochtar
de Burgh/Burkes of Galway (Mac William Uachtar /Clanricarde)
Elizabeth de Burgh
(c.1289–1327)
m. Robert I of Scotland
John de Burgh
(1286–1313)
Edmond de Burgh
(1298–1338)
William Donn de Burgh
Lord of Connacht
3rd Earl of Ulster
(1312–33)
de Burgh/Burkes of ClanWilliam
Elizabeth de Burgh
4th Countess of Ulster
(1332–63)
m. Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence

Lords of ConnaughtEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Curtis, Edmund (2004) [1950]. A History of Ireland (6th ed.). New York: Routledge. pp. 58, 70–72, 91–92. ISBN 0-415-27949-6.