Lombard Street (San Francisco)
Lombard Street is an east–west street in San Francisco, California that is famous for a steep, one-block section with eight hairpin turns. Stretching from The Presidio east to The Embarcadero (with a gap on Telegraph Hill), most of the street's western segment is a major thoroughfare designated as part of U.S. Route 101. The famous one-block section, claimed to be "the crookedest street in the world", is located along the eastern segment in the Russian Hill neighborhood. It is a major tourist attraction, receiving around 2 million visitors per year and up to 17,000 per day on busy summer weekends, as of 2015.
Lombard Street seen from Coit Tower
|West end||Presidio Boulevard|
|East end||The Embarcadero|
Lombard Street's west end is at Presidio Boulevard inside The Presidio; it then heads east through the Cow Hollow neighborhood. For twelve blocks, between Broderick Street and Van Ness Avenue, it is an arterial road that is co-signed as U.S. Route 101. Lombard Street continues through the Russian Hill neighborhood and to the Telegraph Hill neighborhood. At Telegraph Hill it turns south, becoming Telegraph Hill Boulevard to Pioneer Park and Coit Tower. Lombard Street starts again at Winthrop Street and ends at The Embarcadero as a collector road.
Lombard Street is known for the one-way block on Russian Hill between Hyde and Leavenworth Streets, where eight sharp turns are said to make it the most crooked street in the world. The design, first suggested by property owner Carl Henry and built in 1922, was intended to reduce the hill's natural 27% grade, which was too steep for most vehicles. The crooked block is perhaps 600 feet (180 m) long (412.5 feet (125.7 m) straightline), is one-way (downhill) and is paved with red bricks. The sign at the top recommends 5 mph (8 km/h). The segment normally sees around 250 vehicles per hour, with average daily traffic reaching 2,630 vehicles in 2013. During peak times, vehicles have to wait up to 20 minutes to enter the Crooked Street segment, in a queue that can reach Van Ness Avenue.
Time-exposure photo at night clearly shows the 8 switchbacks
- 49-Mile Scenic Drive
- Vermont Street, the other San Francisco street claimed to be the "most crooked" has seven turns instead of eight, but its hill is steeper than Lombard's
- Snake Alley in Burlington, Iowa, once recognized by Ripley's Believe It or Not! as "The Crookedest Street in the World". Like Lombard Street it has eight turns but over a shorter distance.
- San Francisco County Transportation Authority: Lombard Study: Managing Access to the "Crooked Street". February 2017 (PDF)
- Loewenstein, Louis, K. (1984) Streets of San Francisco: The Origins of Street and Place Names. Don't Call It Frisco Press.
- Google. "Lombard Street" (Map). Google Maps. Google.
- Saperstein, Susan (February 2009). "Lombard Street". San Francisco City Guides. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- Brown-Martin, Darcey (September–October 2001). "An Honestly Crooked Street". via Magazine.
- Saperstein, Susan. "Lombard Street". San Francisco City Guides. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
- "Hyde St & Lombard St". San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
- "Academy of Art University Campus Map" (PDF). academyart.edu. Academy of Art University. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- "Rowena Meeks F. Abdy American 1887–1945 Biography". The Annex Galleries. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- "Lombard Street, San Francisco". San Francisco. a view on cities. Retrieved August 27, 2009.
- Media related to Lombard Street at Wikimedia Commons
- Tourist Trapped: The Crookedest Street In The World, SFGate Culture Blog
- Lombard Street, SF GuideLines (includes early images)
- Lombard Street on San Francisco To Do
Route map: Google