Llanerchydol

Llanerchydol is a settlement on the A458 about 2 km west of the centre of Welshpool in the county of Powys in Wales. It is part of the community of Welshpool and also lends its name to an electoral ward.

Llanerchydol
Llanerchydol, Montgomeryshire.jpeg
Llanerchydol Hall
Llanerchydol is located in Powys
Llanerchydol
Llanerchydol
Location within Powys
Community
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
List of places
UK
Wales
Powys
52°39′35″N 3°10′35″W / 52.6597°N 03.1763°W / 52.6597; -03.1763Coordinates: 52°39′35″N 3°10′35″W / 52.6597°N 03.1763°W / 52.6597; -03.1763

Llanerchydol HallEdit

 
Llanerchydol Hall

Llanerchydol Hall, a 15,440 square feet (1,434 m2) Grade II* Listed Building, is located in parkland between the A458 to Llanfair Caereinion and A490 to Llanfyllin.[1] The Hall is a fine and largely intact early 19th-century picturesque Gothic Revival style house, with well preserved park and gardens.[1][2] The site has a long history of occupation, including a Tudor house which burnt down in about 1776, after which David Pugh, a local man who made a fortune selling tea in London, bought the site and built a new house which became known as Llanerchydol Hall.[2][3]

David Pugh's great grand nephew, also named David Pugh, inherited Llanerchydol Hall and became a local politician. During the 136 years of Pugh ownership, the house underwent many adaptations, including the introduction of the fairy-tale castellations and turrets in the Gothic Revival style (1820).

John Repton was engaged to landscape the surrounding parkland and gardens and much of this may still be appreciated today. The original gardens included a Japanese Water Garden and parterre.

Llanerchydol Hall is one of three grand houses in the area alongside Powis Castle and Vaenor Park and is Grade II* listed, along with the Repton parkland, which is listed in its own right.

The majority of the original 2000 acres of the Pugh Estate were sold off over time, culminating in the sale of the Hall itself in 1912 to a Liverpool cotton trader, Hugh Verdon. Hugh was particularly tall, and had a special bath constructed to hold him! It is still situated in the house. Hugh's daughters inherited Llanerchydol and the house remained in the Verdon family until 1985, when the last remaining daughter, Angela, died aged 97.

The Hall has been sold a few times since, with the 55 acres of Repton parkland no longer in the same ownership as the Hall. The house, in its current form is situated in approximately 5 acres of stunning countryside, within the protected Grade II* listed Repton parkland.[4]

HistoryEdit

 
Medieval commotes of Wales (Llannerch Hudol and Y Gorddwr shown as question marks to the south and east respectively of Ystrad Marchell)

Llanerchydol is named after and is near the northern border of Llannerch Hudol (also written Llannerchwdwl, Llannerchudol, Llanerchudol or Llanerchydol), which was a medieval commote (cwmwd) in the cantref of Ystlyg in the Kingdom of Powys.[5][6][7] It was in the south-east of the kingdom (north Powys today), close to the border with England. It was a small commote bordering Y Gorddwr on the east beyond the River Severn, Ystrad Marchell in the north, Caereinion on the west and Cedewain south of the River Rhiw at Berriew.[5]

From the 11th century it was involved in the conflicts between the Norman Marcher Lords and the princes of Powys. When the kingdom of Powys was divided, after the death in 1160 of Madog ap Maredudd, the last prince of the whole of Powys, Llannerch Hudol was given to his illegitimate son Caswallon together with the commote of Broniarth,[8] it subsequently became part of the principality of Powys Wenwynwyn. Its main centre was possibly the Welshpool motte and bailey castle (Domen Castell) built by Cadwgan ap Bleddyn in 1111,[9] but there are at least three other motte and baileys within the small commote including Powis Castle (Castell Coch) and Ladies Mount.

Together with Ystrad Marchell and Deuddwr it formed the Teirswydd ("three commotes") which were among the lands restored into the possession of Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn in return for his homage and fealty by Llywelyn ap Gruffudd at Ystumanner in 1263.[10]

PlacenameEdit

Llannerch Hudol literally means "Magic Glade" or "Wizard's Glade". However, it is common for Welsh placenames to be based on the name of a saint (llan, meaning "church" or "parish", followed by the name or a mutation of it); so it could mean, for example, "Enchanted Parish of St [Unknown]".

GovernanceEdit

Llanerchydol gives its name to the electoral ward of Welshpool Llanerchyddol, which elects a county councillor to Powys County Council.

The Llanerchyddol ward also elects up to six town councillors to Welshpool Town Council.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Llanerchydol Hall, Welshpool". British Listed Buildings. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b "LLANERCHYDOL HALL". Coflein.
  3. ^ "1776 Gothic Revival – Llanerchydol Hall". Old House Dreams. Old House Dreams.
  4. ^ http://www.llanerchydolhall.com. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b Rees, William (1951). An Historical Atlas of Wales from Early to Modern Times. Faber & Faber.
  6. ^ Cathrall, William (1828). The History of North Wales Volume II. J Gleave and Sons. p. 327.
  7. ^ "Llannerch Hudol Cmt". Vision of Britain.
  8. ^ Yorke, Philip (1887). The Royal Tribes of Wales. London: Isaac Foulkes. p. 58.
  9. ^ Smith, J Beverley (2014). Llywelyn ap Gruffudd: Prince of Wales. University of Wales Press. p. 416.
  10. ^ Smith, J Beverley (2014). Llywelyn ap Gruffudd: Prince of Wales. University of Wales Press.
  11. ^ "Councillors". Welshpool Town Council. Retrieved 28 September 2018.