List of vulnerable fishes

As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 1245 vulnerable fish species.[1] 8.1% of all evaluated fish species are listed as vulnerable. The IUCN also lists eight fish subspecies as vulnerable.

6 extinct in the wild fish species (0.04%)455 critically endangered fish species (3.0%)643 endangered fish species (4.2%)1245 vulnerable fish species (8.2%)548 near threatened fish species (3.6%)9131 least concern fish species (60%)3191 data deficient fish species (21%)Circle frame.svg
Fish species (IUCN, 2016-2)
  • 15,219 extant species have been evaluated
  • 12,028 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 9679 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 2343 to 5534 are threatened[c]
  • 71 to 158 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 65 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 6 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 87 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 0 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT, LR/cd, LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Vulnerable (VU) species are considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.

Of the subpopulations of fishes evaluated by the IUCN, 18 species subpopulations have been assessed as vulnerable.

For a species to be assessed as vulnerable to extinction the best available evidence must meet quantitative criteria set by the IUCN designed to reflect "a high risk of extinction in the wild". Endangered and critically endangered species also meet the quantitative criteria of vulnerable species, and are listed separately. See: List of endangered fishes, List of critically endangered fishes. Vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered species are collectively referred to as threatened species by the IUCN.

Additionally 3191 fish species (21% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[2] While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[3]

This is a complete list of vulnerable fish species and subspecies evaluated by the IUCN. Species and subspecies which have vulnerable subpopulations (or stocks) are indicated.

Lobe-finned fishesEdit

Cartilaginous fishesEdit

Chondrichthyes includes sharks, rays, skates, and sawfish. There are 121 species and eight subpopulations of cartilaginous fish assessed as vulnerable.

Angel sharksEdit

Mackerel sharksEdit

Species

Subpopulations

Rays and skatesEdit

There are 74 species and one subpopulation in the order Rajiformes assessed as vulnerable.

RhynchobatidsEdit

Guitarfish speciesEdit

Whiptail stingraysEdit

NarcinidsEdit

Species

Subpopulations

  • Apron ray (Discopyge tschudii) (1 subpopulation)

SkatesEdit

SkatesEdit

Other Rajiformes speciesEdit

Ground sharksEdit

Species

Subpopulations

Carpet sharksEdit

SqualiformesEdit

Species

Subpopulations

ChimaerasEdit

LampreysEdit

Ray-finned fishesEdit

There are 1114 species, eight subspecies, and four subpopulations of ray-finned fish assessed as vulnerable.

AcipenseriformesEdit

Includes sturgeons and paddlefishes.

Species

Subspecies

SalmoniformesEdit

Species

Subpopulations

SilversidesEdit

ToothcarpsEdit

There are 85 species and three subspecies of toothcarp assessed as vulnerable.

GoodeidsEdit

Pupfish speciesEdit

AplocheilidsEdit

RivulidsEdit

NothobranchiidsEdit

Species

Subspecies

PoeciliidsEdit

FundulidsEdit

CypriniformesEdit

Cypriniformes includes carps, minnows, loaches and relatives. There are 298 species and one subspecies in the order Cypriniformes assessed as vulnerable.

Hillstream loachesEdit

True loachesEdit

CyprinidsEdit

Species

Subspecies

SuckersEdit

GasterosteiformesEdit

Includes sticklebacks and relatives.

Species

Subpopulations

OsmeriformesEdit

Includes freshwater smelts and allies.

CatfishesEdit

There are 89 catfish species assessed as vulnerable.

IctaluridsEdit

SisoridsEdit

Loach catfishesEdit

ClaroteidsEdit

Airbreathing catfishesEdit

LoricariidsEdit

MochokidsEdit

BagridsEdit

Other catfish speciesEdit

BatrachoidiformesEdit

PerciformesEdit

There are 405 species, one subspecies, and one subpopulation in the order Perciformes assessed as vulnerable.

GouramisEdit

CichlidsEdit

Species

Subspecies

PercidsEdit

EpinephelidsEdit

Species

Subpopulations

GobiesEdit

SparidsEdit

Sand stargazersEdit

SciaenidsEdit

LabrisomidsEdit

SerranidsEdit

ChaenopsidsEdit

Combtooth blenniesEdit

WrassesEdit

Threefin blenniesEdit

Other Perciformes speciesEdit

BeloniformesEdit

SynbranchiformesEdit

OsteoglossiformesEdit

MormyridsEdit

GobiesociformesEdit

CharaciformesEdit

Species

Subspecies

SyngnathiformesEdit

Includes the pipefishes and seahorses.

ClupeiformesEdit

Species

Subspecies

ScorpaeniformesEdit

OphidiiformesEdit

TetraodontiformesEdit

Other ray-finned fish speciesEdit

HagfishesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2016-2". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  3. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.