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Acanthobrama telavivensis, commonly known as the Yarkon bream or Yarkon bleak, is a species of freshwater ray-finned fish of the family Cyprinidae found only in Israel, in the Yarkon River system.

Acanthobrama telavivensis
Acanthobrama telavivensis.jpeg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Acanthobrama
Species:
A. telavivensis
Binomial name
Acanthobrama telavivensis

DescriptionEdit

The silver fish, which grows to a length of 20 centimetres (7.9 in), was reintroduced to the Afek springs and Ein Nymphit by the Israel Nature Preservation Authority.[2][3]

HistoryEdit

Throughout 1950 to 1970, there was a very sharp decline in the species population. The population was stable until a drought in 1999 which made it near-extinct.[4] The remaining individuals were taken and bred in captivity. In 2006, these fish were re-introduced to 12 rehabilitated sites in its previous range. Since then, large populations of various sizes and ages have been found in these areas. According to the authority's chief ecologist, this shows that efforts to rehabilitate the river have succeeded. Yarkon Bleak preservation efforts began in 1999, when the population dropped to only a few hundred. The project was a joint endeavor of the Yarkon River Authority, Tel Aviv University and the Israel Nature and National Parks Authority. The fish were transferred to special breeding pools at the university's zoological park, and an attempt was made to reintroduce them to the river in 2002 with little success. The scientists involved believed that this was because of a lack of suitable spawning sites, they built a pond filled with gravel and vegetation and soon there were many juvenile fish seen.[5] In 2005, a second attempt to reintroduce them to the upper part of the river was reportedly more successful, following engineering to create suitable spawning sites[5][6] In 2014, the IUCN declared this species sufficiently 'wild' (i.e. no direct intervention) to remove it from its "Extinct in the Wild" category, and is now considered "Vulnerable".[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Goren, M (2014). "Acanthobrama telavivensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2014: e.T61249A19009597. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T61249A19009597.en. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  2. ^ http://www.sizedoesntmatter.com/environment/near-extinct-fish-reintroduced-to-yarkon-river/
  3. ^ A stream is born[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1.<http://www.iucnredlist.org> Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Downloaded on 11 March 2010
  5. ^ a b Daniel Ben Tal (19 February 2013). "The little fish that returned from the brink of extinction". Israel21C Uncovering Israel. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  6. ^ Near-extinct fish reintroduced to Yarkon River