List of sultans of the Seljuk Empire

This is a list of sultans of the Seljuk Empire (1037–1194).

Sultan of the Seljuk Empire
Imperial
Details
StyleSultan, Sultan of Sultans, Shahanshah
First monarchToghrul I
Last monarchToghrul III
Formation1037
Abolition1194

For a list of rulers of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, see List of Seljuk sultans of Rûm.

List of sultansEdit

Laqab Given name Regnal name Birth Marriages Death
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Muhammad Toghrul-Beg
(1037–1063)
990 1) Altun Jan Khatun
(2) Aka
(daughter of Yusuf Qadir-Khan, Khagan of Kara-Khanid Khanate)
(3) Seyyedeh Fatima
(daughter of Al-Qa'im, Abbasid caliph)
4 September 1063
Diya ad-Din Adud ad-Dawlah
ضياء الدين عضد الدولة
Muhammad Alp Arslan
(1063–1072)
20 January 1029[1] (1) Aka
(daughter of Yusuf Qadir-Khan, Khagan of Kara-Khanid Khanate, widow of Toghrul I)
(2) Safariyya Khatun
15 December 1072
Muizz ad-Din Jalal ad-Dawlah
معز الدین جلال الدولة
Hasan Malik-Shah I
(1072–1092)
1055 1) Terken Khatun
(daughter of Ibrahim Tamghach-Khan, Khagan of the Western Kara-Khanids)
(2) Zubaida Khatun
(daughter of Yaquti ibn Chaghri-Beg)
(3) Tajuddin Safariyya Khatun
19 November 1092
Nasir ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
ناصر الدنیا والدین
Mahmud I
(1092–1094)[2]
1087 or 1088[3] 1094
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Muhammad Barkiyaruq
(1094–1105)
1081[4] 1105
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Jalal ad-Dawlah
رکن الدنیا والدین جلال الدولة
Malik-Shah II
(1105)
? ?
Ghiyath ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
غیاث الدنیا والدین
Muhammad Tapar
(1105–1118)
January 1082[5] (1) Gawhar Khatun
(2) Safaveddin Maryam Khatun
April 1118[6]
Mughith ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Jalal ad-Dawlah
مغيث الدنیا والدین جلال الدولة
Mahmud II
(1118–1131)
1105 1) Mah-i Mulk Khatun
(daughter of Sanjar)
(2) Amir Siti Khatun
(daughter of Sanjar)
(3) Ata Khatun
(daughter of Khadija Arslan-Khatun bint Chaghri-Beg)
1131
Muizz ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Adud ad-Dawlah
معز الدنیا والدین عضد الدولة
Ahmad Sanjar
(1118–1153)
1085 1) Terken Khatun (wife of Ahmad Sanjar)
(daughter of Muhammad Arslan-Khan, Khagan of the Western Kara-Khanids)
(2) Rusudan
(daughter of Demetrius I of Georgia, widow of Masud)
8 May 1157
Ghiyath ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
غیاث الدنیا والدین
Dawud
(1131–1132)
? Gawhar Khatun
(daughter of Masud)
?
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Tughril II
(1132–1134)[7]
1109[8] Momine Khatun October/November 1134
Ghiyath ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
غیاث الدنیا والدین
Masud
(1134–1152)
1108 or 1109 1) Gawhar Khatun
(daughter of Sanjar)
(2) Zubaida Khatun
(daughter of Barkiyaruq)
(3) Mustazhiriyya
(daughter of Qawurd)
(4) Sufra
(daughter of Dubais)
(5) Arab-Khatun
(6) Rusudan
(daughter of Demetrius I of Georgia)
13 September 1152
Muin ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
معين الدنیا والدین
Malik-Shah III
(1152–1153)
? 1160
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Muhammad-Shah
(1153–1159)
1128 1) Mahd Rafi Khatun
(daughter of Kirman-Shah ibn Arslan-Shah I)
(2) Gawhar Khatun
(daughter of Masud, widow of Dawud)
December 1159
Ghiyath ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
غیاث الدنیا والدین
Suleiman-Shah
(1159–1161)
? 1161
Muizz ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
معز الدنیا والدین
Arslan-Shah
(1161–1176)
? Kirmani Khatun 1176
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Toghrul III
(1176–1191)
1st reign
1168 or 1169 1194
Muzaffar ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
مظفر الدنیا والدین
Qizil Arslan
(1191)
? Inanj Khatun
(daughter of Sunqur-Inanj, ruler of Rey, widow of Muhammad ibn Ildeniz)
1191
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Toghrul III
(1192–1194)
2nd reign
1168 or 1169 1194

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit