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Ra II, a ship built from papyrus, was successfully sailed across the Atlantic by Thor Heyerdahl proving that it was possible to cross the Atlantic from Africa using such boats in early epochs of history.

This is a list of notable crossings of the Atlantic Ocean.


Partial crossing
Post-1492 crossings
  • In 1492, Christopher Columbus departed from Palos de la Frontera (Spain) with three ships, crossed the Atlantic Ocean and landed on the Bahamas, Cuba and Hispaniola. He made three additional voyages over the next few years, during which he explored the Caribbean coast from Honduras to Venezuela as well as numerous Caribbean islands. These explorations, along with Columbus's attempts to establish a permanent settlement on Hispaniola, led to the Spanish colonization of the Americas and a period of Columbian Exchange that permanently altered human cultures and the environment on both sides of the Atlantic.
  • From 1496 to 1498 John Cabot made three voyages to North America from Bristol, landing in Newfoundland and/or possibly the Canadian Maritimes.
  • In 1500, Pedro Álvares Cabral reached Brazil.
  • In 1519 Ferdinand Magellan sailed from Spain to the South Atlantic, navigating the straits named after him and entering the Pacific Ocean.
  • In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, in the service of the King Francis I of France, explored the Atlantic coast of North America from Florida to New Brunswick.
  • In 1534, Jacques Cartier entered the Gulf of St. Lawrence and reached the mouth of the St. Lawrence River.
  • In 1560, the Portuguese nau São Paulo, captained by Ruy de Mello da Camera, sailed from Recife (Brazil) around the Cape of Good Hope to Sumatra, in whose South coast she was wrecked; actually crossing both the Atlantic and Indian oceans in one non-stop sailing.
  • In April 1563, Nicolas Barre and 20 other stranded Huguenots were the first to build a (crude) boat in the Americas and sail across the Atlantic. They sailed from Charlesfort, South Carolina to just off the coast of England where they were rescued by an English ship. Though they resorted to cannibalism, seven men survived the voyage, including Barre.[1][2]
  • In 1566, the first trade route across the Atlantic was inaugurated by Spain with the establishment of the West Indies fleets, a convoy system which regularly linked its territories in the Americas with Spain for over two centuries.
  • In November 1732 the ship Ann crossed the Atlantic, from London to Georgia, carrying British soldier, Member of Parliament, and philanthropist James Oglethorpe. The journey took 88 days, arriving in Savannah in February 1733. Oglethorpe would found the colony of Georgia, of which he was the governor.
  • In 1764, William Harrison (the son of John Harrison) sailed aboard HMS Tartar, with the H-4 time piece. The voyage became the basis for the invention of the global system of Longitude.

Contents

19th CenturyEdit

20th CenturyEdit

21st CenturyEdit

  • In 2003, Alan Priddy and three crew members made a record crossing of the North Atlantic in a Rigid inflatable boat (RIB) from Newfoundland to Scotland, via Greenland and Iceland, in 103 hours.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://churchmousec.wordpress.com/2013/08/27/the-huguenot-settlement-in-16th-century-south-carolina
  2. ^ http://www.jcs-group.com/oldwest/america/1562ribaut.html
  3. ^ William H. Longyard (2003). A speck on the sea: epic voyages in the most improbable vessels. International Marine/Ragged Mountain Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-07-141306-0.
  4. ^ Jill, Lawless (16 October 2008). "Last Titanic survivor sells mementos". Associated Press. Retrieved 2015-08-06.
  5. ^ "Introduction" U-Boat Operations of the Second World War—Vol 1 by Wynn, Kenneth, 1998 p. 1
  6. ^ Tinkerbelle (1967; Harper & Row, New York City, N.Y.)
  7. ^ Ryne, Linn. Voyages into History. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
  8. ^ 5 cross Atlantic in tiny raft. News.google.com. 12 July 1984 Retrieved on 27 October 2011.
  9. ^ Expedicion Atlantis Archived 2009-04-25 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish)
  10. ^ "Our Story: Transatlantic Journey". Al Grovers Marina High and Dry.
  11. ^ "VIDEO: An epic Atlantic adventure". Soundings Online. March 26, 2017.

See alsoEdit