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Worn in the past, or rarely worn todayEdit

Shapes and styles of beaver hats 1776–1825


Ancient coins showing possible Persian tiara on Autophradates and Phrygian cap on Orontes I



The traditional bonnet of the Kilwinning Archers of Scotland.


Caps worn by men in the past, or rarely worn todayEdit

Caps worn by women in the pastEdit

Caps worn on ceremonial occasionsEdit


Bonnets for womenEdit

Old woman in sunbonnet (c. 1930). Photograph by Doris Ulmann
  • Cabriolet
  • Capote – soft crown, rigid brim, 19th century
  • Chip bonnet
  • Gypsy bonnet – shallow to flat crown, saucer shaped, and worn by tying it on with either a scarf or sash, under the chin, or at the nape of the neck – 19th Century
  • Kiss-me-quick
  • Leghorn bonnet
  • Mourning bonnet
  • Poke bonnet – Early 19th Century, "Christmas Carol" style, with a cylindrical crown and broad funnel brim
  • Ugly – a kind of retractable visor that could be attached to bonnets for extra protection from the sun, 19th century

Bonnets for menEdit



Capirote during procession, exist in various colours

Headbands, headscarves, wimplesEdit

An Iraqi girl wearing a headscarf in downtown Baghdad (April 2005).

Masks, veils and headgear that covers the faceEdit

Victor Oladipo wearing some protective headgear
Orthodontic facemask being prepared for fitting to this adolescent female patient - 16 hours daily wear

Other headdressEdit





Headgear organised by functionEdit






  • Havalim (חֲבָליִם) ropes that are referenced in Kings I 20:31. Used as a sign of mourning.
  • Kashket
  • Kippah or yarmulke
  • Kolpik
  • Migba'at was likely a cone-shaped Turban. This turban was likely only worn in the context of the priesthood and is cited in Exodus 27:20–30.
  • Mitznefet was most likely a classic circular turban. This is derived from the fact that Hebrew word Mitznefet comes from the root "to wrap." This turban was likely only worn in the context of the priesthood and is cited in Exodus 27:20–30.
  • Pe’er mentioned in Ezekiel 24: 17;23. In verse 17, Ezekiel commands the Israelites to “wrap their” Pe’ers around their heads. In verse 23, Ezekiel tells the Israelite that their Pe’er's "shall remain on your heads.” ("Pe'er" (which translates into "splendor") is usually used to refer to phylacteries (tefillin))
  • Sheitel is a wig worn by some married women in order to maintain marital modesty in public
  • Shtreimel
  • Spodik
  • Gargush
  • Sudra (סודרא) is a headdress, similar to the keffiyah worn by Jewish men in the ancient near-east.



Military and policeEdit

Officials and civil workersEdit

China (historical)Edit

Other specialist headgearEdit

National dress; association with a country, people and religionEdit

Afghan boys wearing traditional headgear. Kunduz, Afghanistan (June 2003).
A young Albanian wearing Qeleshe (also called Plis).
Ti'i langga, a Rote islander attempt to copy the 16th-century European headgear.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Chico, Beverly (2013). Hats and Headwear around the World: A Cultural Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO LLC. pp. 211–12. ISBN 9781610690621. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  2. ^ Lewandowski, Elizabeth J. (2011). The complete costume dictionary. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 243. ISBN 9780810840041.
  3. ^ The Concise Scots Dictionary. Aberdeen University Press. 1987. p. 296. ISBN 0-08-028492-2.