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World Muslim population by percentage
A map of Muslim populations by numbers, (Pew Research Center, 2009).

Adherents of Islam constitute the world's second largest religious group. According to a study in 2015, Islam has 1.8 billion adherents, making up about 24% of the world population.[1] Most Muslims are either of two denominations: Sunni (80-90%, roughly 1.5 billion people)[2] or Shia (10–20%, roughly 170-340 million people).[3] Islam is the dominant religion in the Central Asia, Indonesia, Middle East, South Asia, North Africa, the Sahel[4][5][6][7] and some other parts of Asia.[8] The diverse Asia-Pacific region contains the highest number of Muslims in the world, easily surpassing the Middle East and North Africa.[9]

About 31% of all Muslims are of South Asian origin, therefore South Asia contains the largest population of Muslims in the world.[10][11][12] Within this region, however, Muslims are second in numbers to Hindus, as Muslims are a majority in Pakistan and Bangladesh, but not India.

The various Hamito-Semitic (including Arab, Berber), Turkic, and Iranic countries of the greater Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region,[13] where Islam is the dominant religion in all countries other than Israel,[5] hosts 23% of world Muslims.

The country with the single largest population of Muslims is Indonesia in Southeast Asia, which on its own hosts 13% of the world's Muslims.[14] Together, the Muslims in the countries of Southeast Asia constitute the world's third largest population of Muslims. In the countries of the Malay Archipelago Muslims are majorities in each country other than Singapore, the Philippines, and East Timor.

About 15% of Muslims reside in Sub-Saharan Africa,[15][6][16] and sizeable Muslim communities are also found in the Americas, the Caucasus, China, Europe, the Philippines and Russia.[4]

Western Europe hosts large Muslim immigrant communities where Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, where it represents 6% of the total population or 24 million people.[17] Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world.

Contents

Denominations

Historically, Islam was divided into two major religious denominations: Sunni and Shi'a. Of the total Muslim population, 87-90% are Sunni and 10-13% are Shi'a. Most Shi'as (between 68% and 80%) live in mainly four countries: Iran, Azerbaijan, Bahrain and Iraq.[18] Today, many of the Shia sects are extinct. The major surviving Imamah-Muslim Sects are Usulism (with nearly more than 10%), Nizari Ismailism (with nearly more than 1%) and Alevism (with slightly more than 0.5%[19] but less than 1%[20]). The other existing groups include Zaydi Shi'a of Yemen whose population is nearly more than 0.5% of the world's Muslim population, Musta’li Ismaili (with nearly 0.1%[21] whose Taiyabi adherents reside in Sindh and Gujarat in South Asia. There are also significant diaspora populations in Europe, North America, the Far East and East Africa[22]), and Ibadis from the Kharijites whose population has diminished to a level below 0.15%. On the other hand, new Muslim sects like the Nation of Islam, Ahmadi Muslims[23] (with nearly around 1%[24]), non-denominational Muslims, Quranist Muslims and Wahhabis (with nearly around 1-2%[25] of the world's total Muslim population) were later independently developed.

According to the Pew Research Center in 2010, there were 50 Muslim-majority countries.[26][27] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in the Asia-Pacific region (from Turkey to Indonesia), with over 1 billion adherents.[28] The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a nation home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), and India (10.9%).[4][29] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[30] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Iran and Turkey are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[4][29] The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria.[4]

Countries

Most of the percentages of Muslim populations of each country, if not stated otherwise, were taken from the study by the Pew Research Center report of The Future of the Global Muslim Population, as of 27 January 2011.[4][31] Other studies show variance with Pew figures. The percentage of Muslims in Egypt is given as 93.7%. However, the figure for Christians in Egypt is usually estimated at 12-15%, but in truth nobody knows since there has been no religious census. Likewise the percentage of Christians in Jordan is usually estimated to be 6-7%.

Table

Country/Region Muslims Muslim percentage (%) of total population Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
  Afghanistan 29,047,100 99.8 1.8
  Albania 1,587,608 56.7[32] 0.1
  Algeria 40,400,000 98.2[4]–99[33] 2.7
  American Samoa < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Andorra < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Angola 90,000 1.0 < 0.1
  Anguilla < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
  Antigua and Barbuda < 1,000 0.6 < 0.1
  Argentina 784,000 2.5 < 0.1
  Armenia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Aruba < 1,000 0.4 < 0.1
  Australia 604,000[34] 2.6 < 0.1
  Austria 700,000[35] 8[35] < 0.1
  Azerbaijan 9,872,765 96.9 0.5
  Bahamas < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Bahrain 866,888[36] 70.2[36] < 0.1
  Bangladesh 148,607,000[37] 90.4 9.2
  Barbados 2,000 0.9 < 0.1
  Belarus 19,000 0.2 < 0.1
  Belgium 658,463 5.9[38] < 0.1
  Belize < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Benin 2,710,000 24.5 0.1
  Bermuda < 1,000 0.8 < 0.1
  Bhutan ≤ 2,000[39] 0.2[39] < 0.1
  Bolivia 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,790,454 50.7[40] 0.1
  Botswana 8,000 0.4 < 0.1
  Brazil 204,000 0.1 < 0.1
  British Virgin Islands < 1,000 1.2 < 0.1
  Brunei 295,000 67[41] < 0.1
  Bulgaria 577,000[42] 7.8 < 0.1
  Burkina Faso 11,270,000 60.5[43] 0.6
  Burma (Myanmar) 2,237,495 2.3[44] 0.1
  Burundi 277,480 2.5[45] < 0.1
  Cambodia 303,187[46] 1.9[46] < 0.1
  Cameroon 4,940,000 20.9[47] 0.2
  Canada 1,053,945[48] 3.2[48][49] 0.1
  Cape Verde 10,000 2[33] < 0.1
  Cayman Islands < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
  Central African Republic 403,000 15[50][51] < 0.1
  Chad 7,827,653 58[33] 0.4
  Chile 2,894[52] 0.03 (over 15+ pop.)[52] < 0.1
  China 22,000,000[53]-50,000,000[54] 1.8 1.4
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands < 1,000[55] 80[55] < 0.1
  Colombia 40,000 to 80,000[56] 0.2 < 0.1
  The Comoros 785,000 98.3 < 0.1
  Congo 3,648,267 5[33] 0.1
  Cook Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Costa Rica < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Côte d'Ivoire 7,960,000 40[57][58][59] 0.5
  Croatia 60,000 1.4[38] < 0.1
  Cuba 10,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Cyprus 273,000 22.7 < 0.1
  Czech Republic 10,500 0.1 < 0.1
  Denmark 230,000 4.1[38] < 0.1
  Djibouti 853,000 97.0 0.1
  Dominica < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
  Dominican Republic 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Ecuador 145 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Egypt 73,800,000 90[60] 4.9
  El Salvador 2,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Equatorial Guinea 28,000 4.1 < 0.1
  Eritrea 1,909,000 36.6[61]-48[62]/50 0.1
  Estonia 1,508 <0.1 < 0.1
  Ethiopia 25,037,646[63] 34 1.8
  Faroe Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Falkland Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Federated States of Micronesia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Fiji 54,000 6.3 <0.1
  Finland 42,000[64] 0.8[64] <0.1
  France 5,020,000 7.5[38] 0.3
  French Guiana 2,000 0.9 <0.1
  French Polynesia < 1,000 < 0.1 <0.1
  Gabon 145,000 9.7 <0.1
  Gambia 1,669,000 95.3 0.1
  Georgia 442,000 10.5 <0.1
  Germany 3,551,802-4,700,000[65][64] 4.4-5.8 0.2
  Ghana 4,914,000 18[33] 0.2
  Gibraltar 1,000 4.0 <0.1
  Greece 610,000 5.3[38] <0.1
  Greenland < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Grenada < 1,000 0.3 <0.1
  Guadeloupe 2,000 0.4 <0.1
  Guam < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Guatemala 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Guinea 8,693,000 84.2 0.5
  Guinea Bissau 705,000 45[66] <0.1
  Guyana 55,000 7.2 <0.1
  Haiti 2,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Honduras 11,000 0.1 <0.1
  Hong Kong 220,000[67] 3.1 <0.1
  Hungary 5,579[68] 0.3 <0.1
  Iceland 770[69] 0.2[69] <0.1
  India 189,000,000[70] 14.2[71] 10.9
  Indonesia 225,000,000[72] 87.2[73] 12.7
  Iran 80,750,000[74] 99.7 4.6
  Iraq 31,108,000 99 1.9
  Ireland 70,158 1.3[75] <0.1
  Isle of Man < 1,000 0.2 <0.1
  Israel 1,287,000 17.7 0.1
  Italy 1,400,000 2.3[76] 0.1
  Jamaica 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Japan 185,000 0.1 <0.1
  Jordan 6,397,000 93.8 0.4
  Kazakhstan 11,200,000 70.2 (official census)[77] 0.5
  Kenya 2,868,000 10[78] 0.2
  Kiribati < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Kosovo 1,584,000[79] 95.6 0.1
  Kuwait 2,636,000 74.1[80] 0.2
  Kyrgyzstan 4,927,000 88.8 0.3
  Laos 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Latvia 2,000 0.1 <0.1
  Lebanon 2,542,000 59.7 0.2
  Lesotho 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Liberia 523,000 12.8 <0.1
  Libya 6,325,000 96.6 0.4
  Liechtenstein 2,000 4.8 <0.1
  Lithuania 3,000 0.1 <0.1
  Luxembourg 11,000 2.3 <0.1
  Macau < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Macedonia 500,000 33.3[81] <0.1
  Madagascar 220,000 7[82] <0.1
  Malawi 2,011,000 12.8 0.1
  Malaysia 19,500,000 61.4 1.1
  Maldives 309,000 100 <0.1
  Mali 15,667,704 95[33] 0.8
  Malta 1,000 0.2 <0.1
  Marshall Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Martinique < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
  Mauritania 4,171,633 100[83] 0.2
  Mauritius 230,118 17.3[84] < 0.1
  Mayotte 197,000 98.8 < 0.1
  Mexico 3,700[85] - 111,000[4] 0.1 < 0.1
  Moldova 15,000 0.4 < 0.1
  Monaco < 1,000 0.5 < 0.1
  Mongolia 200,000 6 < 0.1
  Montenegro 118,477[86] 19.11[86] < 0.1
  Montserrat < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Morocco 32,381,000 99[87] 2.0
  Mozambique 5,340,000 22.8 0.3
  Namibia 9,000 0.4 < 0.1
  Nauru < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Nepal 1,253,000 4.2 0.1
  Netherlands 825,000/1,000,000 5[88] - 6[38] 0.1
  Netherlands Antilles < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
  New Caledonia 7,000 2.8 < 0.1
  New Zealand 41,000 0.9 < 0.1
  Nicaragua 1,000 <0.1 < 0.1
  Niger 19,502,214 98.3[89] 1.0
  Nigeria 93,839,000 41[89]-50[90] 4.7
  Niue < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  North Korea 3,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Northern Mariana Islands < 1,000 0.7 < 0.1
  Norway 100,000-185,000[91] 2-4[91](2016 Dec.) < 0.1
  Oman 2,427,000 85.9[92] 0.2
  Pakistan 204,194,370[93] 96.4 11.0
  Palau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Palestinian Territories 4,298,000 97.5 0.3
  Panama 25,000 0.7 < 0.1
  Papua New Guinea 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Paraguay 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Peru < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Philippines 5,000,000-10,700,000[94] 5-11 0.3-0.6
  Poland 20,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Portugal 65,000 0.6 < 0.1
  Puerto Rico 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Qatar 1,168,000 77.5 0.1
  Republic of Congo 77,736 1.6 < 0.1
  Reunion 35,000 4.2 < 0.1
  Romania 73,000 0.3 < 0.1
  Russia 9,400,000[95] - 20,000,000[96] 6.5[95] - 15[96][97] 1.0
  Rwanda 589,429 4.8[98] < 0.1
  St. Helena < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  St. Kitts and Nevis < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
  St. Lucia < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
  St. Pierre and Miquelon < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
  St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2,000 1.7 < 0.1
  Samoa < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  San Marino < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  São Tomé and Príncipe < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Saudi Arabia 31,878,000 97.1 1.6
  Senegal 14,584,931 95.9 0.8
  Serbia 221,460 3.1[99] < 0.1
  Seychelles < 1,000 1.1 < 0.1
  Sierra Leone 4,171,000 71.5 0.3
  Singapore 721,000 14.7[100] < 0.1
  Slovakia 10,866 0.2[38] < 0.1
  Slovenia 73,568 3.6[38] < 0.1
  Solomon Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Somalia 9,231,000 98.9[101][102][103][104] 0.6
  South Africa 654,064[105] 1.5 < 0.1
  South Korea 35,000 0.1 < 0.1
  South Sudan 610,000 6.2 <0.1
  Spain 1,887,906 4.1[106] 0.1
  Sri Lanka 1,967,227[107] 9.71[107] 0.1
  Sudan 39,027,950 97.0[108] 1.9
  Suriname 84,000 19.6[109] < 0.1
  Swaziland 129,230 10[110] < 0.1
  Sweden 450,000-500,000[111] 5[111] < 0.1
  Switzerland 400,000[112] 5[112] < 0.1
  Syria 17,376,000 82.9[113] 1.0
  Taiwan 60,000[114] 0.3[115] < 0.1
  Tajikistan 6,506,000 96.7[116][117] 0.4
  Tanzania 19,426,814 35[118] 0.8
  Thailand 3,952,000 5.8 0.2
  Timor-Leste 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Togo 827,000 20[119] 0.1
  Tokelau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Tonga < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Trinidad and Tobago 78,000 5.8 < 0.1
  Tunisia 11,190,000 99.8 0.6
  Turkey 74,660,000 98.6 4.6
  Turkmenistan 4,830,000 93.3 0.3
  Turks and Caicos Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Tuvalu < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Uganda 5,030,000 12.0 0.3
  Ukraine 393,000[120] 0.9 < 0.1
  United Arab Emirates 3,262,000 67[121] 0.2
  United Kingdom 3,106,368 4.8[38] 0.2
  United States 2,595,000 0.8[122]-0.9[123] 0.2
  U.S. Virgin Islands < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Uruguay < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Uzbekistan 26,833,000 96.5 1.7
  Vanuatu < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Vatican City 0 0 0
  Venezuela 95,000 0.3 < 0.1
  Vietnam 71,200[124] 0.2 < 0.1
  Wallis and Futuna < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Western Sahara 528,000 99.6 < 0.1
  Yemen 24,023,000 99.0 1.5
  Zambia 140,000 1[33] < 0.1
  Zimbabwe 488,656 3[33] < 0.1
Central Asia 54,000,000[125] 81[126] 3.0
South Asia 600,000,000[127][128] 31.4[129][130] 30.6[131][132]
Southeast-East Asia 257,000,000[133][125] 12.0 15.0
Middle East-North Africa (MENA) 315,322,000[13] 91.2 22.9
Sub-Saharan Africa 242,544,000 29.6 15.0
Europe 44,138,000 6.0 2.7
Americas 5,256,000 0.6 0.3
World Total 1,800,000,000[1] 24.1 100.0

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Why Muslims are the world's fastest-growing religious group". Pew Research Centre. April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ See
    • "Shīʿite". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 25 August 2010. Shīʿites have come to account for roughly one-tenth of the Muslim population worldwide. 
    • "Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population". Pew Research Center. 7 October 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2013. The Pew Forum's estimate of the Shia population (10-13%) is in keeping with previous estimates, which generally have been in the range of 10-15%. Some previous estimates, however, have placed the number of Shias at nearly 20% of the world's Muslim population. 
    • "Shia". Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs. Retrieved 5 December 2011. Shi'a Islam is the second largest branch of the tradition, with up to 200 million followers who comprise around 15% of all Muslims worldwide... 
    • "Religions". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 25 August 2010. Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide... 
    • Iran, Israel and the United States "The majority of the world's Islamic population, which is Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population; the other 10-20 percent is Shia." (reference: CIA)
    • Sue Hellett; U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. "Let me review, while Shia Islam makes up only 10-20 percent of the world's Muslim population, Iraq has a Shia majority (between 60-80 percent), but had a Sunni controlled government under Saddam Hussein and cronies from 1958-2003... (If you like government figures, see the CIA World Factbook.)"
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on 9 February 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  8. ^ Britannica Archived 14 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Think Quest Archived 18 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine., Wadsworth.com Archived 14 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ "Muslims". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2012-12-18. Retrieved 2016-10-13. 
  10. ^ Pechilis, Karen; Raj, Selva J. (2013-01-01). South Asian Religions: Tradition and Today. Routledge. ISBN 9780415448512. 
  11. ^ "10 Countries With the Largest Muslim Populations, 2010 and 2050". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2017-02-07. 
  12. ^ Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "How South Asia Will Save Global Islam". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2017-02-07. 
  13. ^ a b "Middle East-North Africa Overview". 7 October 2009. 
  14. ^ Miller (2009, pp. 8,17)
  15. ^ Miller (2009)
  16. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  17. ^ See:
  18. ^ "Mapping the Global Muslim Population". Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  19. ^ According to David Shankland, 15% of Turkey's population. in Structure and Function in Turkish Society. Isis Press, 2006, p. 81.
  20. ^ According to Krisztina Kehl-Bodrogi, Syncretistic Religious Communities in the Near East edited by her, B. Kellner-Heinkele, & A. Otter-Beaujean. Leiden: Brill, 1997.
  21. ^ "Tehelka - India's Independent Weekly News Magazine". 
  22. ^ Paul, Eva (2006). Die Dawoodi Bohras – eine indische Gemeinschaft in Ostafrika (PDF). Beiträge zur 1. Kölner Afrikawissenschaftlichen Nachwuchstagung. 
  23. ^ Simon Ross Valentine (6 October 2008). Islam and the Ahmadiyya Jamaʻat: History, Belief, Practice. Columbia University Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-231-70094-8. 
  24. ^ Larry DeVries; Don Baker; Dan Overmyer. Asian Religions in British Columbia. University of Columbia Press. ISBN 978-0-7748-1662-5. Retrieved 29 March 2014. The community currently numbers around 15 million spread around the world 
  25. ^ Destined Encounters - Page 203, Sury Pullat - 2014
  26. ^ "What is each country's second-largest religious group?". 
  27. ^ "Muslim-Majority Countries". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  28. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  29. ^ a b "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. Retrieved 30 May 2007. 
  30. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
  31. ^ "Preface", The Future of the Global Muslim Population, Pew Research Center 
  32. ^ Albanian census 2011 Archived 14 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h "Numbers and Percentage of Muslims in African Countries". Research on Islam and Muslims in Africa. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  34. ^ "2071.0 - Reflecting a Nation: Reflecting Australia - Stories from the Census, 2016". Abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-06-27. 
  35. ^ a b "Studie: Acht Prozent der Bevölkerung sind Muslime". derStandard.at. 4 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  36. ^ a b "General Tables Census of Bahrain" (PDF). 
  37. ^ "The Future of the Global Muslim Population". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2011-01-15. Retrieved 2017-05-24. 
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i "5 facts about the Muslim population in Europe". Pew Research Center. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  39. ^ a b Pew Research Center - Global Religious Landscape 2010 - religious composition by country.
  40. ^ Sarajevo, juni 2016. CENSUS OF POPULATION, HOUSEHOLDS AND DWELLINGS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, 2013 FINAL RESULTS (PDF). BHAS. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  41. ^ "The World Factbook". Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  42. ^ "Население по местоживеене, възраст и вероизповедание" (in Bulgarian). NSI. 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  43. ^ "The World Factbook". Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  44. ^ "Myanmar Census 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
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  46. ^ a b "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. 
  47. ^ United Nations High Commissioner for 2015. "Refworld - 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Cameroon". 
  48. ^ a b National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011 - Option 2: Select from a list. Statistics Canada.
  49. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. 
  50. ^ United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "Refworld - 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Central African Republic". Refworld. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  51. ^ "The World Factbook". Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
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Further reading

External links