Islam in São Tomé and Príncipe

Islam is a minority faith in São Tomé and Príncipe. Muslims comprise from less than 0.1 to 3 percent of the population of São Tomé and Príncipe. The majority (an estimated 90 percent) are Christians; São Tomé and Príncipe was for many years a colony of Portugal, which is overwhelmingly Catholic.

History Edit

Before 1970, there were no recorded Muslims in São Tomé and Príncipe. After independence, the religion was introduced by immigrants from the neighbouring countries of Nigeria and Cameroon, which led to a rise in the number of Muslims in São Tomé and Príncipe, from zero in 1970 to 51 in 1994 and 64 in 2009.[1] However, according to M. Ali Kettani in Muslims Minorities (1986) that the Muslim population in São Tomé and Príncipe was closer to 1,000 and comparable with that of Cape Verde and Equatorial Guinea.[2]

Population Edit

According to the International Religious Freedom Report 2006, some three percent of the population are Muslim, although the total number of Muslims in the country has increased due to an influx of illegal immigrants from neighbouring Nigeria and Cameroon.[3] The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community claims to have "hundreds" of members in the country, thereby representing a large proportion of the Muslim population.[4] However, according to a 2009 study by the Pew Research Center, Muslims in São Tomé and Príncipe make up less than 0.1% of the population.[5]

References Edit

  1. ^ Houssain Kettani (8 November 2019). The World Muslim Population: Spatial and Temporal Analyses. Jenny Stanford Publishing. p. 349. ISBN 978-0-429-74926-1.
  2. ^ M. Ali Kettani (1986). Muslim Minorities In The World Today. Mansell Publishing, Limited. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-7201-1802-5.
  3. ^ "Sao Tome and Principe". US Department of State. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Igreja Jama'At Islâmica Ahmadiyya realiza 7ªConferência Anual em São Tomé e Príncipe" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 11 November 2016.
  5. ^ "The world in muslim populations, every country listed". The Guardian. 8 October 2009.