List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 256

This is a list of cases reported in volume 256 of United States Reports, decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1921.

Supreme Court of the United States
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
EstablishedMarch 4, 1789; 234 years ago (1789-03-04)
LocationWashington, D.C.
Coordinates38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444Coordinates: 38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
Composition methodPresidential nomination with Senate confirmation
Authorized byConstitution of the United States, Art. III, § 1
Judge term lengthlife tenure, subject to impeachment and removal
Number of positions9 (by statute)

Justices of the Supreme Court at the time of volume 256 U.S.Edit

The Supreme Court is established by Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of the United States, which says: "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court . . .". The size of the Court is not specified; the Constitution leaves it to Congress to set the number of justices. Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 Congress originally fixed the number of justices at six (one chief justice and five associate justices).[1] Since 1789 Congress has varied the size of the Court from six to seven, nine, ten, and back to nine justices (always including one chief justice).

When the cases in volume 256 were decided the Court comprised the following nine members:

Portrait Justice Office Home State Succeeded Date confirmed by the Senate
Tenure on Supreme Court
  Edward Douglass White Chief Justice Louisiana Melville Fuller December 12, 1910
December 19, 1910

May 19, 1921
  Joseph McKenna Associate Justice California Stephen Johnson Field January 21, 1898
January 26, 1898

January 5, 1925
  Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. Associate Justice Massachusetts Horace Gray December 4, 1902
December 8, 1902

January 12, 1932
  William R. Day Associate Justice Ohio George Shiras Jr. February 23, 1903
March 2, 1903

November 13, 1922
  Willis Van Devanter Associate Justice Wyoming Edward Douglass White (as Associate Justice) December 15, 1910
January 3, 1911

June 2, 1937
  Mahlon Pitney Associate Justice New Jersey John Marshall Harlan March 13, 1912
March 18, 1912

December 31, 1922
  James Clark McReynolds Associate Justice Tennessee Horace Harmon Lurton August 29, 1914
October 12, 1914

January 31, 1941
  Louis Brandeis Associate Justice Massachusetts Joseph Rucker Lamar June 1, 1916
June 5, 1916

February 13, 1939
  John Hessin Clarke Associate Justice Ohio Charles Evans Hughes July 24, 1916
October 9, 1916

September 18, 1922

Notable Cases in volume 256 U.S.Edit

Block v. HirshEdit

In Block v. Hirsh, 256 U.S. 135 (1921), the Supreme Court upheld a temporary rent control law in the District of Columbia. It set a precedent in American law that government can regulate housing conditions during times of emergency to maintain or improve living conditions.[2] In 1924, however, the rental property statute upheld in the case reached the Court for a second review. This time, despite the language being the same, the statute was struck down. The Court held that the emergency necessitating the measure had passed, and that that which "justified interference with ordinarily existing property rights as of 1919 had come to an end by 1922."[3]

Newberry v. United StatesEdit

Newberry v. United States, 256 U.S. 232 (1921), is a decision by the Supreme Court which held that the United States Constitution did not grant the United States Congress the authority to regulate political party primaries or nomination processes. The Court struck down 1911 amendments to the Federal Corrupt Practices Act which placed spending limits on candidate and political election committee spending in primaries or other nomination processes for federal office.

Brown v. United StatesEdit

In Brown v. United States, 256 U.S. 335 (1921), the Supreme Court held that if a person is attacked, and that person reasonably believes that they are in immediate danger of death or grievous bodily injury, then they have no duty to retreat and may stand their ground; if they kill the attacker they have not exceeded the bounds of lawful self-defense. In writing the opinion, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes stated “Detached reflection cannot be demanded in the presence of an uplifted knife. Therefore, in this Court, at least, it is not a condition of immunity that one in that situation should pause to consider whether a reasonable man might not think it possible to fly with safety or to disable his assailant rather than to kill him.”

Dillon v. GlossEdit

Dillon v. Gloss, 256 U.S. 368 (1921), is a case in which the Supreme Court held that Congress, when proposing a constitutional amendment under the authority given to it by Article V of the Constitution, may fix a definite period for its ratification, and further, that the reasonableness of the seven-year period, fixed by Congress in the resolution proposing the Eighteenth Amendment is beyond question.

Citation styleEdit

Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 the federal court structure at the time comprised District Courts, which had general trial jurisdiction; Circuit Courts, which had mixed trial and appellate (from the US District Courts) jurisdiction; and the United States Supreme Court, which had appellate jurisdiction over the federal District and Circuit courts—and for certain issues over state courts. The Supreme Court also had limited original jurisdiction (i.e., in which cases could be filed directly with the Supreme Court without first having been heard by a lower federal or state court). There were one or more federal District Courts and/or Circuit Courts in each state, territory, or other geographical region.

The Judiciary Act of 1891 created the United States Courts of Appeals and reassigned the jurisdiction of most routine appeals from the district and circuit courts to these appellate courts. The Act created nine new courts that were originally known as the "United States Circuit Courts of Appeals." The new courts had jurisdiction over most appeals of lower court decisions. The Supreme Court could review either legal issues that a court of appeals certified or decisions of court of appeals by writ of certiorari. On January 1, 1912, the effective date of the Judicial Code of 1911, the old Circuit Courts were abolished, with their remaining trial court jurisdiction transferred to the U.S. District Courts.

Bluebook citation style is used for case names, citations, and jurisdictions.

List of cases in volume 256 U.S.Edit

Case Name Page and year Opinion of the Court Concurring opinion(s) Dissenting opinion(s) Lower Court Disposition
Chase v. United States 1 (1921) McKenna none none 8th Cir. affirmed
Gilpin v. United States 10 (1921) McKenna none none 8th Cir. affirmed
United States v. Smith 11 (1921) McKenna none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Silver King Coalition Mines Company v. Conkling Mining Company 18 (1921) Holmes none none 8th Cir. reversed
Arkansas v. Mississippi 28 (1921) per curiam none none original boundary set
Baldwin Company v. R.S. Howard Company 35 (1921) Day none none D.C. Cir. dismissed
American Steel Foundries v. Whitehead 40 (1921) Day none none D.C. Cir. dismissed
Minnesota ex rel. Whipple v. Martinson 41 (1921) Day none none Minn. affirmed
Galbraith v. Vallely 46 (1921) Day none none 8th Cir. reversed
United States v. Northern Pacific Railroad Company 51 (1921) VanDevanter none none 9th Cir. reversed
Oklahoma v. Texas 70 (1921) Pitney none none original boundary set
Ownbey v. Morgan 94 (1921) Pitney none White Del. affirmed
Economy Light and Power Company v. United States 113 (1921) Pitney none none 7th Cir. affirmed
Wall v. Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad Company 125 (1921) McReynolds none none Ill. dismissed
Bank of Minden v. Clement 126 (1921) McReynolds none none La. reversed
Miller and Lux, Inc. v. Sacramento and San Joaquin Drainage District 129 (1921) McReynolds none none Cal. dismissed
Ex parte National Park Bank of New York 131 (1921) Brandeis none none 5th Cir. mandamus denied
Missouri Pacific Railroad Company v. McGrew Coal Company 134 (1921) Brandeis none none Mo. affirmed
Block v. Hirsh 135 (1921) Holmes none McKenna D.C. Cir. reversed
Marcus Brown Holding Company v. Feldman 170 (1921) Holmes none McKenna S.D.N.Y. affirmed
Privett v. United States 201 (1921) VanDevanter none none 8th Cir. affirmed
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company v. United States 205 (1921) VanDevanter none none Ct. Cl. reversed
Frey and Son, Inc. v. Cudahy Packing Company 208 (1921) McReynolds none Pitney 4th Cir. affirmed
Nickel v. Cole 222 (1921) Holmes none none Nev. affirmed
St. Louis–San Francisco Railway Company v. Middlekamp 226 (1921) Holmes none none W.D. Mo. affirmed
Newberry v. United States 232 (1921) McReynolds McKenna, Pitney White W.D. Mich. reversed
New York v. New Jersey 296 (1921) Clarke none none original dismissed
St. Louis and East St. Louis Electric Railway Company v. Missouri ex rel. Hagerman 314 (1921) Clarke none none Mo. affirmed
Blanset v. Cardin 319 (1921) McKenna none none 8th Cir. affirmed
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company v. Di Donato 327 (1921) McKenna none none Pa. reversed
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company v. Polk 332 (1921) McKenna none none Pa. reversed
Brown v. United States 335 (1921) Holmes none none 5th Cir. reversed
New York Trust Company v. Eisner 345 (1921) Holmes none none S.D.N.Y. affirmed
American Bank and Trust Company v. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta 350 (1921) Holmes none none 5th Cir. reversed
Heitmuller v. Stokes 359 (1921) Day none none D.C. Cir. reversed
Krichman v. United States 363 (1921) Day none none 2d Cir. reversed
Dillon v. Gloss 368 (1921) VanDevanter none none N.D. Cal. affirmed
LaBelle Iron Works v. United States 377 (1921) Pitney none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Frederick v. Fidelity Mutual Life Insurance Company of Philadelphia 395 (1921) Pitney none none Pa. Super. Ct. affirmed
Yee Won v. White 399 (1921) McReynolds none none 9th Cir. affirmed
United States v. Aetna Explosives Company 402 (1921) McReynolds none none Ct. Cust. App. affirmed
New York Central Railroad Company v. York and Whitney Company 406 (1921) McReynolds none none Mass. Super. Ct. multiple
Vicksburg, Shreveport and Pacific Railway Company v. Anderson-Tully Company 408 (1921) Clarke none none 5th Cir. affirmed
Ex parte Matthew Addy Steamship and Commerce Corporation 417 (1921) Clarke none none E.D. Va. mandamus denied
Bethlehem Motors Corporation v. Flynt 421 (1921) McKenna none none N.C. reversed
Michigan Central Railroad Company v. Mark Owen and Company 427 (1921) McKenna none McReynolds Ill. affirmed
Garland's Heirs v. Choctaw Nation 439 (1921) McKenna none none Ct. Cl. reversed
United States v. American Chicle Company 446 (1921) Holmes none none S.D.N.Y. reversed
United States v. Yuginovich 450 (1921) Day none none D. Or. affirmed
Burdeau v. McDowell 465 (1921) Day none Brandeis W.D. Pa. reversed
McLaren v. Fleischer 477 (1921) VanDevanter none none Cal. affirmed
Culpepper v. Ocheltree 483 (1921) VanDevanter none none Cal. affirmed
United States v. Bowling 484 (1921) VanDevanter none none 8th Cir. reversed
Ex parte New York I 490 (1921) Pitney none none W.D.N.Y. prohibition issued
Ex parte New York II 503 (1921) Pitney none none W.D.N.Y. prohibition issued
Ex parte Lincoln Gas and Electric Light Company 512 (1921) Pitney none none D. Neb. mandamus denied
Anchor Oil Company v. Gray 519 (1921) Pitney none none 8th Cir. affirmed
United States v. Hutto I 524 (1921) Pitney none none W.D. Okla. reversed
United States v. Hutto II 530 (1921) Pitney none none W.D. Okla. reversed
Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad Company v. Mackey 531 (1921) Brandeis none none 8th Cir. affirmed
Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad Company v. Nichols Company 540 (1921) Brandeis none none Miss. affirmed
United States v. Pfitsch 547 (1921) Brandeis none none S.D.N.Y. dismissed
Missouri Pacific Railroad Company v. Ault 554 (1921) Brandeis none none Ark. reversed
Norfolk Southern Railroad Company v. Owens 565 (1921) Brandeis none none N.C. reversed
Western Union Telegraph Company v. Esteve Brothers and Company 566 (1921) Brandeis none none 5th Cir. reversed
Sutton v. United States 575 (1921) Brandeis none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
District of Columbia v. Andrews Paper Company 582 (1921) Clarke none none D.C. Cir. reversed
Dane v. Jackson 589 (1921) Clarke none none Mass. affirmed
Oklahoma v. Texas 602 (1921) per curiam none none original continued
Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway Company v. United States 610 (1921) Holmes none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Ex parte Bey 616 (1921) VanDevanter none none not indicated mandamus denied
Texas Company v. Hogarth Shipping Company, Ltd. 619 (1921) VanDevanter none none 2d Cir. affirmed
United States v. Woodward 632 (1921) VanDevanter none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Merchants' National Bank of Richmond v. City of Richmond 635 (1921) Pitney none none Va. reversed
Bowman v. Continental Oil Company 642 (1921) Pitney none none D.N.M. reversed
Harris v. District of Columbia 650 (1921) McReynolds none none D.C. Cir. certification
Seaboard Air Line Railroad Company v. United States 655 (1921) McReynolds none none Ct. Cl. reversed
Kansas City Southern Railway Company v. Road Improvement District Number 6 of Little River County, Arkansas 658 (1921) McReynolds none none Ark. reversed
Western Union Telegraph Company v. Poston 662 (1921) Brandeis none none S.C. reversed
Weber Electric Company v. Freeman Electric Company 668 (1921) Clarke none none 3d Cir. affirmed

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Supreme Court Research Guide". Georgetown Law Library. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  2. ^ Melz, Robert (1995). The Takings Issue: Constitutional Limits on Land-Use Control and Environmental Regulation. Island Press. p. 299. ISBN 978-1-55963-380-2.
  3. ^ Renstrom, Peter G. (2003). The Taft Court: Justices, Rulings and Legacy. ABC-CLIO Ltd. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-57607-280-6.

External linksEdit