List of U.S. states and territories by historical population

This is a list of U.S. states and territories by historical population, as enumerated every decade by the United States Census. As required by the United States Constitution, a census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. Although the decennial census collects a variety of information that has been used in demographic studies, marketing, and other enterprises, the purpose of the census as stated in the Constitution is to produce an "actual enumeration" of the number of persons in the states in order to calculate their Congressional apportionment.

The population growth of each U.S. state between 1970 and 2010. Click on this map to see the scale/key.

As the United States has grown in area and population, new states have been formed out of U.S. territories or the division of existing states. The population figures provided here reflect modern state boundaries. Shaded areas of the tables indicate census years when a territory or the part of another state had not yet been admitted as a new state.[a] Since 1920, the "total population" of the United States has been considered the population of all the States and the District of Columbia; territories and other possessions were counted as additional population.[b] As of 2021, five U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), along with the U.S. Minor Outlying Islands, are not included in the count of total U.S. population.

1790–1860, census dataEdit

Total population, 1790–1860Edit

Total population counts for the Censuses of 1790 through 1860 include both free and enslaved persons. Native Americans were not identified in the Census of 1790 through 1840 and only sporadically from 1850 until 1890, if they lived outside of Indian Territory or off reservations. Beginning with the 1900 census, Native Americans were fully enumerated along with the general population.[c]

Name Admitted[d] 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860
  Alabama 1819   1,250 9,046 127,901 309,527 590,756 771,623 964,201
  Alaska 1959                
  American Samoa 1900                
  Arizona 1912                
  Arkansas 1836     1,062 14,273 30,388 97,574 209,897 435,450
  California 1850             92,597 379,994
  Colorado 1876               34,277
  Connecticut 1788 237,946 251,002 262,042 275,202 297,675 309,978 370,792 460,147
  Delaware 1787 59,096 64,273 72,674 72,749 76,748 78,085 91,532 112,216
  District of Columbia [e] 1790   8,144 15,471 23,336 30,261 33,745 51,687 75,080
  Florida 1845         34,730 54,477 87,445 140,424
  Georgia 1788 82,548 162,686 251,407 340,989 516,823 691,392 906,185 1,057,286
  Guam 1899                
  Hawaii 1959                
  Idaho 1890                
  Illinois 1818   2,458 12,282 55,211 157,445 476,183 851,470 1,711,951
  Indiana 1816   2,632 24,520 147,178 343,031 685,866 988,416 1,350,428
  Iowa 1846           43,112 192,214 674,913
  Kansas 1861               107,206
  Kentucky 1792 73,677 220,959 406,511 564,317 687,917 779,828 982,405 1,155,684
  Louisiana [f] 1812     76,556 153,407 215,739 352,411 517,762 708,002
  Maine [g] 1820 96,540 151,719 228,705 298,335 399,455 501,793 583,169 628,279
  Maryland [h] 1788 319,728 341,548 380,546 407,350 447,040 470,019 583,034 687,049
  Massachusetts 1788 378,787 422,845 472,040 523,287 610,408 737,699 994,514 1,231,066
  Michigan 1837   3,757 4,762 7,452 28,004 212,267 397,654 749,113
  Minnesota 1858             6,077 172,023
  Mississippi 1817   7,600 31,306 75,448 136,621 375,651 606,526 791,305
  Missouri 1821     19,783 66,586 140,455 383,702 682,044 1,182,012
  Montana 1889                
  Nebraska 1867               28,841
  Nevada 1864               6,857
  New Hampshire 1788 141,885 183,858 214,360 244,161 269,328 284,574 317,976 326,073
  New Jersey 1787 184,139 211,149 245,555 277,575 320,823 373,306 489,555 672,035
  New Mexico 1912             61,547 93,516
  New York 1788 340,120 586,050 959,049 1,372,812 1,918,608 2,428,921 3,097,394 3,880,735
  North Carolina 1789 393,751 478,103 556,526 638,829 737,987 753,419 869,039 992,622
  North Dakota 1889                
  Northern Mariana Islands 1986                
  Ohio 1803   42,159 230,760 581,434 937,903 1,519,467 1,980,329 2,339,511
  Oklahoma 1907                
  Oregon 1859             12,093 52,465
  Pennsylvania 1787 434,373 602,545 810,091 1,049,458 1,348,233 1,724,033 2,311,786 2,906,215
  Puerto Rico 1899                
  Rhode Island 1790 68,825 69,122 76,931 83,059 97,199 108,830 147,545 174,620
  South Carolina 1788 249,073 345,591 415,115 502,741 581,185 594,398 668,507 703,708
  South Dakota [i] 1889               4,837
  Tennessee 1796 35,691 105,602 261,727 422,813 681,904 829,210 1,002,717 1,109,801
  Texas 1845             212,592 604,215
  U.S. Virgin Islands 1917                
  Utah 1896             11,380 40,273
  Vermont [j] 1791 85,425 154,465 217,713 235,764 280,652 291,948 314,120 315,098
  Virginia [k] 1788 691,937 807,557 877,683 938,261 1,044,054 1,025,227 1,119,348 1,219,630
  Washington 1889             1,201 11,594
  West Virginia [l] 1863 55,873 78,592 105,469 136,808 176,924 224,537 302,313 376,688
  Wisconsin 1848       1,444 3,635 30,945 305,391 775,881
  Wyoming 1890                
  United States   3,929,214 5,308,483 7,239,881 9,638,453 12,860,702 17,063,353 23,191,876 31,443,321

Enslaved population, 1790–1860Edit

The below figures cover only people held in bondage. They are also counted in the total population figures above.

Name 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860
  Alabama 494 2,565 41,879 117,549 253,532 342,844 435,081
  Arkansas 136 1,617 4,576 19,935 47,100 111,115
  California 0 0
  Colorado 0
  Connecticut 2,764 951 310 97 25 17 0 0
  Delaware 8,887 6,153 4,177 4,509 3,292 2,605 2,290 1,798
  District of Columbia 2,072 3,554 4,520 4,505 3,320 3,687 3,185
  Florida 15,501 25,717 39,310 61,745
  Georgia 29,264 59,699 105,218 149,656 217,531 280,944 381,682 462,198
  Illinois 107 168 917 747 331 0 0
  Indiana 28 237 190 3 3 0 0
  Iowa 16 0 0
  Kansas 2
  Kentucky 12,430 40,343 80,561 126,732 165,213 182,258 210,981 225,483
  Louisiana 34,660 69,064 109,588 168,452 244,809 331,726
  Maine 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
  Maryland 103,036 105,635 111,502 107,398 102,994 89,737 90,368 87,189
  Massachusetts 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
  Michigan 0 24 0 1 0 0 0
  Minnesota 0 0
  Mississippi 2,995 14,523 32,814 65,659 195,211 309,878 436,631
  Missouri 2,875 10,222 25,091 58,240 87,422 114,931
  Nebraska 15
  Nevada 0
  New Hampshire 158 8 0 0 3 1 0 0
  New Jersey 11,423 12,422 10,851 7,557 2,254 674 236 18
  New Mexico 0 0
  New York 21,324 20,613 15,017 10,088 75 4 0 0
  North Carolina 100,572 133,296 168,824 204,917 245,601 245,817 288,548 331,059
  Ohio 0 0 0 6 3 0 0
  Oregon 0 0
  Pennsylvania 3,737 1,706 795 211 403 64 0 0
  Rhode Island 948 380 108 48 17 5 0 0
  South Carolina 107,094 146,151 196,365 258,475 315,401 327,038 384,984 402,406
  Tennessee 3,417 13,584 44,535 80,107 141,603 183,059 239,459 275,719
  Texas 58,161 182,566
  Utah 26 29
  Vermont 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Virginia [m] 287,959 339,499 383,521 411,886 453,698 431,873 452,028 472,494
  Washington 0 0 0
  West Virginia [n] 4,668 7,172 10,836 15,169 17,673 18,488 20,500 18,371
  Wisconsin 0 31 11 0 0
  United States 697,681 893,602 1,191,362 1,538,073 2,009,043 2,487,355 3,204,313 3,953,760

1870–1950, census dataEdit

Name 1870 1880 1890[o] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950
  Alabama 996,992 1,262,505 1,513,401 1,828,697 2,138,093 2,348,174 2,646,248 2,832,961 3,061,743
  Alaska   33,426 32,052 63,592 64,356 55,036 59,278 72,524 128,643
  American Samoa[p]           8,056 10,055 12,908 24,889
  Arizona 9,658 40,440 88,243 122,931 204,354 334,162 435,573 499,261 749,587
  Arkansas 484,471 802,525 1,128,211 1,311,564 1,574,449 1,752,204 1,854,482 1,949,387 1,909,511
  California 560,247 864,694 1,213,398 1,485,053 2,377,549 3,426,861 5,677,251 6,907,387 10,586,223
  Colorado 39,864 194,327 413,249 539,700 799,024 939,629 1,035,791 1,123,296 1,325,089
  Connecticut 537,454 622,700 746,258 908,420 1,114,756 1,380,631 1,606,903 1,709,242 2,007,280
  Delaware 125,015 146,608 168,493 184,735 202,322 223,003 238,380 266,505 318,085
  District of Columbia 131,700 177,624 230,392 278,718 331,069 437,571 486,869 663,091 802,178
  Florida 187,748 269,493 391,422 528,542 752,619 968,470 1,468,211 1,897,414 2,771,305
  Georgia 1,184,109 1,542,180 1,837,353 2,216,331 2,609,121 2,895,832 2,908,506 3,123,723 3,444,578
  Guam         11,806 13,275 18,509 22,290 59,498
  Hawaii[q]       154,001 191,874[r] 255,881[r] 368,300[r] 422,738[s] 499,794
  Idaho 14,999 32,610 88,548 161,772 325,594 431,866 445,032 524,873 588,637
  Illinois 2,539,891 3,077,871 3,826,352 4,821,550 5,638,591 6,485,280 7,630,654 7,897,241 8,712,176
  Indiana 1,680,637 1,978,301 2,192,404 2,516,462 2,700,876 2,930,390 3,238,503 3,427,796 3,934,224
  Iowa 1,194,020 1,624,615 1,912,297 2,231,853 2,224,771 2,404,021 2,470,939 2,538,268 2,621,073
  Kansas 364,399 996,096 1,428,108 1,470,495 1,690,949 1,769,257 1,880,999 1,801,028 1,905,299
  Kentucky 1,321,011 1,648,690 1,858,635 2,147,174 2,289,905 2,416,630 2,614,589 2,845,627 2,944,806
  Louisiana 726,915 939,946 1,118,588 1,381,625 1,656,388 1,798,509 2,101,593 2,363,880 2,683,516
  Maine 626,915 648,936 661,086 694,466 742,371 768,014 797,423 847,226 913,774
  Maryland 780,894 934,943 1,042,390 1,188,044 1,295,346 1,449,661 1,631,526 1,821,244 2,343,001
  Massachusetts 1,457,351 1,783,085 2,238,947 2,805,346 3,366,416 3,852,356 4,249,614 4,316,721 4,690,514
  Michigan 1,184,059 1,636,937 2,093,890 2,420,982 2,810,173 3,668,412 4,842,325 5,256,106 6,371,766
  Minnesota 439,706 780,773 1,310,283 1,751,394 2,075,708 2,387,125 2,563,953 2,792,300 2,982,483
  Mississippi 827,922 1,131,597 1,289,600 1,551,270 1,797,114 1,790,618 2,009,821 2,183,796 2,178,914
  Missouri 1,721,295 2,168,380 2,679,185 3,106,665 3,293,335 3,404,055 3,629,367 3,784,664 3,954,653
  Montana 20,595 39,159 142,924 243,329 376,053 548,889 537,606 559,456 591,024
  Nebraska 122,993 452,402 1,062,656 1,066,300 1,192,214 1,296,372 1,377,963 1,315,834 1,325,510
  Nevada 42,491 62,266 47,355 42,335 81,875 77,407 91,058 110,247 160,083
  New Hampshire 318,300 346,991 376,530 411,588 430,572 443,083 465,293 491,524 533,242
  New Jersey 906,096 1,131,116 1,444,933 1,883,669 2,537,167 3,155,900 4,041,334 4,160,165 4,835,329
  New Mexico 91,874 119,565 160,282 195,310 327,301 360,350 423,317 531,818 681,187
  New York 4,382,759 5,082,871 6,003,174 7,268,894 9,113,614 10,385,227 12,588,066 13,479,142 14,830,192
  North Carolina 1,071,361 1,399,750 1,617,949 1,893,810 2,206,287 2,559,123 3,170,276 3,571,623 4,061,929
  North Dakota 2,405 36,909 190,983 319,146 577,056 646,872 680,845 641,935 619,636
  Ohio 2,665,260 3,198,062 3,672,329 4,157,545 4,767,121 5,759,394 6,646,697 6,907,612 7,946,627
  Oklahoma[t]     258,657[u] 790,391[v] 1,657,155 2,028,283 2,396,040 2,336,434 2,233,351
  Oregon 90,923 174,768 317,704 413,536 672,765 783,389 953,786 1,089,684 1,521,341
  Pennsylvania 3,521,951 4,282,891 5,258,113 6,302,115 7,665,111 8,720,017 9,631,350 9,900,180 10,498,012
  Puerto Rico         1,118,012 1,299,809 1,543,913 1,869,255 2,210,703
  Rhode Island 217,353 276,531 345,506 428,556 542,610 604,397 687,497 713,346 791,896
  South Carolina 705,606 995,577 1,151,149 1,340,316 1,515,400 1,683,724 1,738,765 1,899,804 2,117,027
  South Dakota 11,776 98,268 348,600 401,570 583,888 636,547 692,849 642,961 652,740
  Tennessee 1,258,520 1,542,359 1,767,518 2,020,616 2,184,789 2,337,885 2,616,556 2,915,841 3,291,718
  Texas 818,579 1,591,749 2,235,527 3,048,710 3,896,542 4,663,228 5,824,715 6,414,824 7,711,194
  U.S. Virgin Islands           25,346[w] 22,012 39,467 51,827
  Utah 86,786 143,963 210,779 276,749 373,351 449,396 507,847 550,310 688,862
  Vermont 330,551 332,286 332,422 343,641 355,956 352,428 359,611 359,231 377,747
  Virginia 1,225,163 1,512,565 1,655,980 1,854,184 2,061,612 2,309,187 2,421,851 2,677,773 3,318,680
  Washington 23,955 75,116 357,232 518,103 1,141,990 1,356,621 1,563,396 1,736,191 2,378,963
  West Virginia 442,014 618,457 762,794 958,800 1,221,119 1,463,701 1,729,205 1,901,974 2,005,552
  Wisconsin 1,054,670 1,315,497 1,693,330 2,069,042 2,333,860 2,632,067 2,939,006 3,137,587 3,434,575
  Wyoming 9,118 20,789 62,555 92,531 145,965 194,402 225,565 250,742 290,529
  United States 38,558,371 50,155,783[x] 62,947,714[x][y] 75,994,575[z] 91,972,266[aa] 105,710,620[ab] 122,775,046[ab] 131,669,275[ab] 150,697,361[ac]

1960–2020, census dataEdit

Name 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
  Alabama 3,266,740 3,444,165 3,893,888 4,040,587 4,447,100 4,779,736 5,024,279
  Alaska 226,167 300,382 401,851 550,043 626,932 710,231 733,391
  American Samoa 20,051 27,159 32,297 46,773 57,291 55,519
  Arizona 1,302,161 1,770,900 2,718,215 3,665,228 5,130,632 6,392,017 7,151,502
  Arkansas 1,786,272 1,923,295 2,286,435 2,350,725 2,673,400 2,915,918 3,011,524
  California 15,717,204 19,953,134 23,667,902 29,760,021 33,871,648 37,253,956 39,538,223
  Colorado 1,753,947 2,207,259 2,889,964 3,294,394 4,301,261 5,029,196 5,773,714
  Connecticut 2,535,234 3,031,709 3,107,576 3,287,116 3,405,565 3,574,097 3,608,298
  Delaware 446,292 548,104 594,338 666,168 783,600 897,934 989,948
  District of Columbia 763,956 756,510 638,333 606,900 572,059 601,723 689,545
  Florida 4,951,560 6,789,443 9,746,324 12,937,926 15,982,378 18,801,310 21,538,187
  Georgia 3,943,116 4,589,575 5,463,105 6,478,216 8,186,453 9,687,653 10,711,908
  Guam 67,044 84,966 105,979 133,152 154,805 159,358
  Hawaii 632,772 768,561 964,691 1,108,229 1,211,537 1,360,301 1,455,271
  Idaho 667,191 712,567 943,935 1,006,749 1,293,953 1,567,582 1,839,106
  Illinois 10,081,158 11,113,976 11,426,518 11,430,602 12,419,293 12,830,632 12,812,508
  Indiana 4,662,498 5,193,669 5,490,224 5,544,159 6,080,485 6,483,802 6,785,528
  Iowa 2,757,537 2,824,376 2,913,808 2,776,755 2,926,324 3,046,355 3,190,369
  Kansas 2,178,611 2,246,578 2,363,679 2,477,574 2,688,418 2,853,118 2,937,880
  Kentucky 3,038,156 3,218,706 3,660,777 3,685,296 4,041,769 4,339,367 4,505,836
  Louisiana 3,257,022 3,641,306 4,205,900 4,219,973 4,468,976 4,533,372 4,657,757
  Maine 969,265 992,048 1,124,660 1,227,928 1,274,923 1,328,361 1,362,359
  Maryland 3,100,689 3,922,399 4,216,975 4,781,468 5,296,486 5,773,552 6,177,224
  Massachusetts 5,148,578 5,689,170 5,737,037 6,016,425 6,349,097 6,547,629 7,029,917
  Michigan 7,823,194 8,875,083 9,262,078 9,295,297 9,938,444 9,883,640 10,077,331
  Minnesota 3,413,864 3,804,971 4,075,970 4,375,099 4,919,479 5,303,925 5,706,494
  Mississippi 2,178,141 2,216,912 2,520,638 2,573,216 2,844,658 2,967,297 2,961,279
  Missouri 4,319,813 4,676,501 4,916,686 5,117,073 5,595,211 5,988,927 6,154,913
  Montana 674,767 694,409 786,690 799,065 902,195 989,415 1,084,225
  Nebraska 1,411,330 1,483,493 1,569,825 1,578,385 1,711,263 1,826,341 1,961,504
  Nevada 285,278 488,738 800,493 1,201,833 1,998,257 2,700,551 3,104,614
  New Hampshire 606,921 737,681 920,610 1,109,252 1,235,786 1,316,470 1,377,529
  New Jersey 6,066,782 7,168,164 7,364,823 7,730,188 8,414,350 8,791,894 9,288,994
  New Mexico 951,023 1,016,000 1,302,894 1,515,069 1,819,046 2,059,179 2,117,522
  New York 16,782,304 18,236,967 17,558,072 17,990,455 18,976,457 19,378,102 20,201,249
  North Carolina 4,556,155 5,082,059 5,881,766 6,628,637 8,049,313 9,535,483 10,439,388
  North Dakota 632,446 617,761 652,717 638,800 642,200 672,591 779,094
  Northern Mariana Islands[ad] 8,290[ae] 9,460 16,780 43,345 69,221 53,883
  Ohio 9,706,397 10,652,017 10,797,630 10,847,115 11,353,140 11,536,504 11,799,448
  Oklahoma 2,328,284 2,559,229 3,025,290 3,145,585 3,450,654 3,751,351 3,959,353
  Oregon 1,768,687 2,091,385 2,633,105 2,842,321 3,421,399 3,831,074 4,237,256
  Pennsylvania 11,319,366 11,793,909 11,863,895 11,881,643 12,281,054 12,702,379 13,002,700
  Puerto Rico 2,349,544 2,712,033 3,196,520 3,522,037 3,808,610 3,725,789 3,285,874
  Rhode Island 859,488 946,725 947,154 1,003,464 1,048,319 1,052,567 1,097,379
  South Carolina 2,382,594 2,590,516 3,121,820 3,486,703 4,012,012 4,625,364 5,118,425
  South Dakota 680,514 665,507 690,768 696,004 754,844 814,180 886,667
  Tennessee 3,567,089 3,923,687 4,591,120 4,877,185 5,689,283 6,346,105 6,910,840
  Texas 9,579,677 11,196,730 14,229,191 16,986,510 20,851,820 25,145,561 29,145,505
  U.S. Virgin Islands 32,099 62,468 96,569 101,809 108,612 106,405
  Utah 890,627 1,059,273 1,461,037 1,722,850 2,233,169 2,763,885 3,271,616
  Vermont 389,881 444,330 511,456 562,758 608,827 625,741 643,077
  Virginia 3,966,949 4,648,494 5,346,818 6,187,358 7,078,515 8,001,024 8,631,393
  Washington 2,853,214 3,409,169 4,132,156 4,866,692 5,894,121 6,724,540 7,705,281
  West Virginia 1,860,421 1,744,237 1,949,644 1,793,477 1,808,344 1,852,994 1,793,716
  Wisconsin 3,951,777 4,417,731 4,705,767 4,891,769 5,363,675 5,686,986 5,893,718
  Wyoming 330,066 332,416 469,557 453,588 493,782 563,626 576,851
  United States 179,323,175[af] 203,211,926[ag] 226,545,805[ah] 248,709,873[ai] 281,421,906[aj] 308,745,538[aj] 331,449,281[aj]

Minor outlying islands population, 1910–2020, census dataEdit

Several small island territories are included in the U.S. Census Bureau's Island Areas region as U.S. Minor Outlying Islands. These mostly lack permanent residents, but have been included in some census counts since 1910. Prior to 1959, most of the Pacific minor island territories were enumerated with the Hawaii Territory, but not included in the territory's population count. Minor Outlying Islands that have never had a population enumerated by the U.S. Census Bureau are not included.

Name Acquired 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010[ak] 2020
Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Islands 1935       10[al]                
Johnston Atoll 1856       69 46 156 1,007 327 173 315    
Midway Atoll 1867 35 31 36 437 416 2,356 2,220 453 13 0    
Palmyra[am] 1912       32                
Wake Island 1899       0 349 1,097 1,647 302 7 1    

Former territories, 1920–1990, census dataEdit

Several territories and possessions held by the United States during the 1800s and 1900s gained independence or were transferred to other nations. The populations of these former territories as reported in the census are listed below.

Name Acquired Relinquished 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990
Canton and Enderbury Islands[an] 1937 1979[ao]     44 272 320 0    
Corn Islands[an][ap] 1914 1970[aq]     1,523 1,304 1,872      
  Pacific Trust Territory[an][ar] 1947 1986[as]         53,447[ae] 70,270 104,033  
  Palau[an][at] 1947 1994[au]         8,987[ae] 11,210 12,116 15,122
  Panama Canal Zone[an] 1903 1979[av] 22,858 39,467 51,827 52,822 42,112 44,198    
  Philippines[an][aw] 1899 1946[ax] 10,599,000[w] 13,513,000[w] 16,356,000          
Swan Islands[an] 1856 1971[ay]       36 28 22    

1900–2020, Federal Reserve economic dataEdit

Interactive semi-log plot of historical population of the 50 states of USA and the District of Columbia from 1900 to 2015 according to Federal Reserve Economic Data categorised by US census region. In the SVG file, hover over a graph, its state abbreviation, its map or its region label to highlight it (and in SMIL-enabled browsers, click to select/deselect it).

Source: http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/release?rid=118

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

General
  • State data, 1790-1990: "Race and Hispanic Origin: 1790 to 1990 by State" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2014-11-21. Retrieved 2011-11-01.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  • National data, 1790-1990: "United States - Race and Hispanic Origin: 1790 to 1990" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2014-11-14. Retrieved 2011-11-01.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  • State and national data, 2000-2010: "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-01.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The District of Columbia is not shaded.
  2. ^ Prior to 1920, territories in the continental United States were generally included in the total population figure, but more far-flung territories were not.
  3. ^ "American Indians in the Federal Decennial Census, 1790-1930". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  4. ^ Dates for the states are the dates they were admitted to the Union. Dates for the territories are the dates they were acquired by the United States (shown in italics). Date for the District of Columbia is the date the district was formed.
  5. ^ The District of Columbia is not a state, but was created through the Residence Act of 1790 from territory donated by Maryland and Virginia; however, the Virginia portion was retroceded to the state in 1846.
  6. ^ Previously a part of the Orleans Territory.
  7. ^ Between 1790 and 1820, the District of Maine was part of the state of Massachusetts.
  8. ^ Starting with the 1800 Census, Maryland donated territory to create the District of Columbia.
  9. ^ Figures recorded for Dakota Territory by the censuses of 1860, 1870, and 1880 are listed here as belonging to South Dakota.
  10. ^ Vermont was enumerated in the 1790 Census but was only admitted as a state in 1791.
  11. ^ Between 1790 and 1860, the state of West Virginia was part of Virginia. In addition, between the Censuses of 1800 and 1840, territory donated by the state of Virginia formed a portion of District of Columbia, but the land was returned in 1846.
  12. ^ Between 1790 and 1860, the state of West Virginia was part of Virginia; the data for each state reflect the present-day boundaries.
  13. ^ Not including the Virginia counties that formed the new state of West Virginia in 1863, but includes the enslaved population in the returned land that had been donated to form the District of Columbia.
  14. ^ These figures are for the Virginia counties that formed the state of West Virginia in 1863.
  15. ^ Figures include people on Native American reservations in the United States not otherwise enumerated.
  16. ^ From 1930 onward the reported value includes Swains Island, which was incorporated into American Samoa in 1925
  17. ^ From 1910 to 1940, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands in the Pacific were enumerated with the Hawaii Territory by the U.S. Census bureau. The values here exclude those island populations not incorporated into the state of Hawaiʻi. (per Guide to 2010 State and Local Census Geography: Hawaii (Report). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 24, 2021.)
  18. ^ a b c Total excludes counts for Midway Atoll
  19. ^ Total excludes counts for Baker, Canton, Enderbury, Howland, and Jarvis islands and Johnston, Midway, Palmyra, and Wake atolls.
  20. ^ The 1890 and 1900 figures are the combined total for the Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory, which were combined when Oklahoma became a state in 1907 (per Census Bulletin 89: Population of Oklahoma and Indian Territory (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. 1907. Retrieved September 30, 2020.).
  21. ^ Oklahoma Territory population 78,475; Indian Territory population 180,182.
  22. ^ Oklahoma Territory population 398,331; Indian Territory population 392,060.
  23. ^ a b c Extrapolated value from 1940 Census
  24. ^ a b Total excludes population of Alaska
  25. ^ Total for 1890 includes 62,622,250 persons enumerated in the states and territories, plus 325,464 persons in Indian Territory and on reservations not otherwise counted.
  26. ^ Total excludes population of Alaska and Hawaii
  27. ^ Total excludes population of Alaska, Guam, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
  28. ^ a b c Total excludes population of Alaska, American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Panama Canal Zone, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
  29. ^ Total excludes population of Alaska, American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
  30. ^ Figures recorded as part of the Pacific Trust Territories by the census of 1970 are listed here as belonging to the Northern Mariana Islands.
  31. ^ a b c From Census of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands 1958, which the 1960 Census used for reporting total population of the Pacific Trust Territory
  32. ^ Total excludes population of American Samoa, Guam, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
  33. ^ Total excludes population of American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Pacific Trust Territory, Palau, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
  34. ^ Total excludes population of American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Pacific Trust Territory, Palau, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
  35. ^ Total excludes population of American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
  36. ^ a b c Total excludes population of American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
  37. ^ The Census Bureau did not collect data for U.S. Minor Outlying Islands in 2010
  38. ^ 3 people each on Baker and Jarvis; 4 people on Howland
  39. ^ Part of the Hawaii Territory prior to 1959; remained a separate territory after Hawaiʻi gained statehood.
  40. ^ a b c d e f g This territory no longer exists.
  41. ^ Relinquished to Kiribati in 1979.
  42. ^ Population figures provided to U.S. Census Bureau by the government of Nicaragua.
  43. ^ Leased from Nicaragua for 99 years, but lease terminated in 1970
  44. ^ Excludes counts for Northern Mariana Islands and Palau.
  45. ^ The trusteeship was ended in 1986.
  46. ^ Figures recorded as part of the Pacific Trust Territories by the census of 1970 and 1980 are listed here as belonging to Palau.
  47. ^ The Republic of Palau became independent from the United States in 1994.
  48. ^ The territory was abolished in 1979.
  49. ^ The Census Bureau never formally enumerated the Philippine Islands when they were a U.S. territorial possession; however, the 1940 Census included data from the 1939 Census of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, including extrapolated population figures for 1930 and 1920.
  50. ^ The United States officially recognized Philippine independence in 1946
  51. ^ In 1971, the United States relinquished its claim to the islands, allowing Hondorus to take full control of them.