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List of Prime Ministers of Sweden

Current Prime Minister Stefan Löfven was appointed on 3 October 2014

The Prime Minister (Swedish: statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden. Before the creation of the office of a Prime Minister in 1876, Sweden did not have a head of government separate from its head of state, namely the King, in whom the executive authority was vested. Louis De Geer, the architect behind the new bicameral Riksdag of 1866 that replaced the centuries-old Riksdag of the Estates, became the first officeholder in 1876. The current Prime Minister of Sweden is Stefan Löfven, leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party. Below is the list and statistics of Prime Ministers of Sweden since the creation of the office in 1876.

Contents

List of Prime MinistersEdit

Name
(Lifespan)
Portrait Term Party
(Alliance)
Cabinet
Parties
Mandate Monarch
(Reign)
Tenure Duration
1 Louis Gerhard De Geer
(1818–1896)
  20 March 1876

19 April 1880
4 years, 30 days Independent L. G. De Geer 1875
1878
 
Oscar II
(1872–1907)
2 Arvid Posse
(1820–1901)
  19 April 1880

13 June 1883
3 years, 55 days Lantmanna Party Posse
1881
3 Carl Johan Thyselius
(1811–1891)
  June 13, 1883

May 16, 1884
308 days Independent Thyselius
4 Robert Themptander
(1844–1897)
  16 May 1884

6 February 1888
3 years, 266 days Independent Themptander 1884
1887a[§]
1887b
5 Gillis Bildt
(1820–1894)
  6 February 1888

12 October 1889
1 year, 248 days Independent G. Bildt
6 Gustaf Åkerhielm
(1833–1900)
  12 October 1889

10 July 1891
1 year, 271 days Protectionist Party Åkerhielm
1890
7 Erik Gustaf Boström
(1842–1907)
  10 July 1891

12 September 1900
9 years, 64 days Lantmanna Party Boström I
1893
1896
1899
8 Fredrik von Otter
(1833–1910)
  12 September 1900

5 July 1902
1 year, 296 days Independent Otter
(7) Erik Gustaf Boström
(1842–1907)
  5 July 1902

13 April 1905
2 years, 282 days Lantmanna Party Boström II
1902
9 Johan Ramstedt
(1852–1935)
  13 April 1905

2 August 1905
111 days Independent Ramstedt
10 Christian Lundeberg
(1842–1911)
  2 August 1905

7 November 1905
97 days Protectionist Party
(General Electoral League)
Lundeberg
AvFLS
11 Karl Staaff
(1860–1915)
  7 November 1905

29 May 1906
203 days Liberal Coalition Party Staaff I
LS
1905
12 Arvid Lindman
(1862–1936)
  29 May 1906

7 October 1911
5 years, 131 days Lantmanna Party
(General Electoral League)
Lindman I
AvF

1908
 
Gustaf V
(1907–1950)
(11) Karl Staaff
(1860–1915)
  7 October 1911

17 February 1914
2 years, 133 days Liberal Coalition Party Staaff II
LS
1911
13 Hjalmar Hammarskjöld
(1862–1953)
  17 February 1914

30 March 1917
3 years, 41 days Independent Hammarskjöld
1914a[§]
1914b
14 Carl Swartz
(1858–1926)
  30 March 1917

19 October 1917
203 days National Party
(General Electoral League)
Swartz
AvF
15 Nils Edén
(1871–1945)
  19 October 1917

10 March 1920
2 years, 143 days Liberal Coalition Party Edén
LSS
1917
16 Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
  10 March 1920

27 October 1920
231 days Social Democrats Branting I
S
17 Gerhard Louis De Geer
(1854–1935)
  27 October 1920

23 February 1921
119 days Independent G. L. De Geer 1920
18 Oscar von Sydow
(1873–1936)
  23 February 1921

13 October 1921
232 days Independent von Sydow
(16) Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
  13 October 1921

19 April 1923
1 year, 188 days Social Democrats Branting II
S
1921[§]
19 Ernst Trygger
(1857–1943)
  19 April 1923

18 October 1924
1 year, 182 days National Party
(General Electoral League)
Trygger
AvF
(16) Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
  18 October 1924

24 January 1925
98 days Social Democrats Branting III
S
1924
20 Rickard Sandler
(1884–1964)
  24 January 1925

7 June 1926
1 year, 134 days Social Democrats Sandler
S
21 Carl Gustaf Ekman
(1872–1945)
  7 June 1926

2 October 1928
2 years, 117 days Freeminded People's Party Ekman I
FFL
(12) Arvid Lindman
(1862–1936)
  2 October 1928

7 June 1930
1 year, 248 days Lantmanna Party
(General Electoral League)
Lindman II
AvF
1928
(21) Carl Gustaf Ekman
(1872–1945)
  7 June 1930

6 August 1932
2 years, 60 days Freeminded People's Party Ekman II
FF
22 Felix Hamrin
(1875–1937)
  6 August 1932

24 September 1932
49 days Freeminded People's Party Hamrin
FF
23 Per Albin Hansson
(1885–1946)
  24 September 1932

19 June 1936
3 years, 269 days Social Democrats Hansson I
S
1932
24 Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp
(1883–1954)
  19 June 1936

28 September 1936
101 days Farmers' League Pehrsson-Bramstorp
Bf
(23) Per Albin Hansson
(1885–1946)
  28 September 1936

6 October 1946[†]
10 years, 8 days Social Democrats Hansson II
SBf
1936
1940
1944
Hansson III
SBfHF
Hansson IV
S
Östen Undén
(1886–1974)
  Acting Prime Minister
6 October 1946

11 October 1946
5 days Social Democrats Hansson IV
S
(25) Tage Erlander
(1901–1985)
  11 October 1946

14 October 1969
23 years, 3 days Social Democrats Erlander I
S

1948
1952
1956
1958[§]
1960
1964
1968
 
Gustaf VI Adolf
(1950–1973)
Erlander II
SBf
Erlander III
S
26 Olof Palme
(1927–1986)
  14 October 1969

8 October 1976
6 years, 360 days Social Democrats Palme I
S

1970
1973
 
Carl XVI Gustaf
(1973–)
27 Thorbjörn Fälldin
(1926–2016)
  8 October 1976

18 October 1978
2 years, 10 days Centre Party Fälldin I
CMF
1976
28 Ola Ullsten
(1931–2018)
  18 October 1978

12 October 1979
359 days People's Party Ullsten
F
(27) Thorbjörn Fälldin
(1926–2016)
  12 October 1979

8 October 1982
2 years, 361 days Centre Party Fälldin II
CMF
1979
Fälldin III
CF
(26) Olof Palme
(1927–1986)
  8 October 1982

28 February 1986[‡]
3 years, 143 days Social Democrats Palme II
S
1982
1985
Ingvar Carlsson
(1934–)
  Acting since 1 March 1986
12 March 1986

4 October 1991
5 years, 217 days Social Democrats Palme II
S

1988
29 Carlsson I
S
Carlsson II
S
30 Carl Bildt
(1949–)
  4 October 1991

7 October 1994
3 years, 3 days Moderate Party C. Bildt
MCFPKD
1991
(29) Ingvar Carlsson
(1934–)
  7 October 1994

22 March 1996
1 year, 167 days Social Democrats Carlsson III
S
1994
31 Göran Persson
(1949–)
  22 March 1996

6 October 2006
10 years, 198 days Social Democrats Persson
S

1998
2002
32 Fredrik Reinfeldt
(1965–)
  6 October 2006

3 October 2014
7 years, 362 days Moderate Party
(Alliance for Sweden)
Reinfeldt
MCFPKD
2006
2010
33 Stefan Löfven
(1957–)
  3 October 2014

Incumbent[✕]
4 years, 139 days Social Democrats Löfven III
SMP
2014
2018
  1. ^ The General Electoral League (1904–1938) was formed as a national campaign organisation for the early conservative and protectionist groups represented in the Riksdag. Parties affiliated with the organisation include the Lantmanna Party, the Protectionist Party and the National Party. The various parliamentary groups coalesced into a single party in 1935. The General Electoral League was renamed as the National Organisation of the Right (1938–1952) and the Rightist Party (1952–1969). The present name, Moderate Party, was adopted in 1969.
  2. ^ The Liberal Coalition Party (1900–1924) was formed from the consolidation of various early liberal, centrist and pro-free trade politicians in the Riksdag. The party split on the issue of prohibition to form the Freeminded People's Party (1924–1934) and the Liberal Party of Sweden (1924–1934). The two parties later reconciled and merged resulting in the formation of the People's Party (1934–1990). The People's Party was renamed as the Liberal People's Party (1990–2015). The present name, Liberals, was adopted in 2015.
  3. ^ The Social Democrats are officially named the Swedish Social Democratic Workers' Party.
  4. ^ The Centre Party was formerly known as the Farmers' League (1913–1957). The present name was adopted in 1957.

TimelineEdit

Stefan LöfvenFredrik ReinfeldtGöran PerssonCarl BildtIngvar CarlssonOla UllstenThorbjörn FälldinOlof PalmeTage ErlanderÖsten UndénAxel Pehrsson-BramstorpPer Albin HanssonFelix HamrinCarl Gustaf EkmanRickard SandlerErnst TryggerOscar von SydowGerhard Louis De GeerHjalmar BrantingNils EdénCarl SwartzHjalmar HammarskjöldArvid LindmanKarl StaaffChristian LundebergJohan RamstedtFredrik von OtterErik Gustaf BoströmGustaf ÅkerhielmGillis BildtRobert ThemptanderCarl Johan ThyseliusArvid PosseLouis Gerhard De Geer 

Statistics (including Swedish Prime Ministers during the Swedish-Norwegian union)Edit

# Prime Minister Spells Date of birth Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 De Geer, Louis 1Louis De Geer, Sr. 1 18 July 1818(18 July 1818) 57 years, 246 days 4 years,  30 days 61 years, 276 days 24 September 1896 78 years, 68 days
2 Posse, ArvidArvid Posse 1 15 February 1820(15 February 1820) 60 years,  64 days 3 years,  58 days 63 years, 121 days 24 April 1901 81 years, 68 days
3 Thyselius, Carl JohanCarl Johan Thyselius 1 8 June 1811(8 June 1811) 72 years,   5 days 338 days 72 years, 342 days 11 January 1891 79 years, 217 days
4 Themptander, RobertRobert Themptander 1 14 February 1844(14 February 1844) 40 years,  92 days 3 years, 266 days 43 years, 357 days 30 January 1897 52 years, 47 days
5 Bildt, GillisGillis Bildt 1 16 October 1820(16 October 1820) 67 years, 113 days 1 year, 248 days 68 years, 361 days 22 October 1894 74 years, 6 days
6 Åkerhielm, GustafGustaf Åkerhielm 1 24 July 1833(24 July 1833) 56 years,  80 days 1 year, 271 days 57 years, 351 days 2 April 1900 66 years, 252 days
7 Boström, Erik GustafErik Gustaf Boström 2 11 February 1842(11 February 1842) 49 years, 149 days 11 years, 346 days 63 years,  61 days 21 February 1907 65 years, 10 days
8 Otter, Fredrik vonFredrik von Otter 1 11 April 1833(11 April 1833) 67 years, 154 days 1 year , 296 days 69 years,  85 days 9 March 1910 76 years, 332 days
9 Ramstedt, JohanJohan Ramstedt 1 7 November 1852(7 November 1852) 52 years, 157 days 111 days 52 years, 268 days 15 March 1935 82 years, 128 days
10 Lundeberg, ChristianChristian Lundeberg 1 14 July 1842(14 July 1842) 63 years, 19 days 97 days 63 years, 116 days 10 November 1911 69 years, 119 days
11 Staaff, KarlKarl Staaff 2 21 January 1860(21 January 1860) 45 years, 290 days 2 years, 336 days 54 years,  27 days 4 October 1915 55 years, 256 days
12 Lindman, ArvidArvid Lindman 2 19 September 1862(19 September 1862) 43 years, 252 days 7 years,  14 days 49 years,  18 days 9 December 1936 74 years, 81 days
13 Hammarskjöld, HjalmarHjalmar Hammarskjöld 1 4 February 1862(4 February 1862) 52 years,  13 days 3 years,  41 days 55 years,  54 days 12 October 1953 91 years, 250 days
14 Swartz, CarlCarl Swartz 1 5 June 1858(5 June 1858) 58 years, 298 days 203 days 59 years, 136 days 6 November 1926 68 years, 154 days
15 Edén, NilsNils Edén 1 25 August 1871(August 1871) 46 years,  55 days 2 years, 143 days 48 years, 198 days 16 June 1945 73 years, 295 days
16 Branting, HjalmarHjalmar Branting 3 23 November 1860(23 November 1860) 59 years, 108 days 2 years, 152 days 64 years,  62 days 24 February 1925 64 years, 93 days
17 De Geer, Louis 2Louis De Geer, Jr. 1 27 November 1854(27 November 1854) 65 years, 335 days 119 days 66 years,  88 days 25 February 1935 80 years, 90 days
18 Sydow, Oscar vonOscar von Sydow 1 12 July 1873(12 July 1873) 47 years, 226 days 232 days 48 years,  93 days 19 August 1936 63 years, 38 days
19 Trygger, ErnstErnst Trygger 1 27 October 1857(27 October 1857) 65 years, 174 days 1 year, 182 days 66 years, 357 days 23 September 1943 85 years, 331 days
20 Sandler, RickardRickard Sandler 1 29 January 1884(29 January 1884) 40 years, 361 days 1 year, 134 days 42 years, 129 days 12 November 1964 80 years, 288 days
21 Ekman, Carl GustafCarl Gustaf Ekman 2 6 October 1872(October 1872) 53 years, 244 days 4 years, 177 days 59 years, 305 days 15 June 1945 72 years, 252 days
22 Hamrin, FelixFelix Hamrin 1 14 January 1875(14 January 1875) 57 years, 205 days 49 days 57 years, 254 days 27 November 1937 62 years, 317 days
23 Hansson, Per AlbinPer Albin Hansson 2 28 October 1885(28 October 1885) 46 years, 332 days 13 years, 277 days 60 years, 343 days 6 October 1946 60 years, 343 days
24 Pehrsson-Bramstorp, AxelAxel Pehrsson-Bramstorp 1 19 August 1883(19 August 1883) 52 years, 305 days 101 days 53 years,  40 days 19 February 1954 70 years, 184 days
25 Erlander, TageTage Erlander 1 13 June 1901(13 June 1901) 45 years, 120 days 23 years,  3 days 68 years, 123 days 21 June 1985 84 years, 8 days
26 Palme, OlofOlof Palme 2 30 January 1927(30 January 1927) 42 years, 257 days 10 years, 139 days 59 years,  30 days 28 February 1986 59 years, 29 days
27 Fälldin, ThorbjörnThorbjörn Fälldin 2 24 April 1926(24 April 1926) 50 years, 167 days 5 years,  10 days 56 years, 167 days 23 July 2016 90 years, 90 days
28 Ullsten, OlaOla Ullsten 1 23 June 1931(23 June 1931) 47 years, 117 days 359 days 48 years, 111 days 28 May 2018 86 years, 339 days
29 Carlsson, IngvarIngvar Carlsson 2 9 November 1934(9 November 1934) 51 years, 112 days 7 years,  19 days 61 years, 134 days Living 84 years, 102 days
30 Bildt, CarlCarl Bildt 1 15 July 1949(15 July 1949) 42 years,  91 days 3 years,   3 days 45 years,  94 days Living 69 years, 219 days
31 Persson, GöranGöran Persson 1 20 January 1949(20 January 1949) 47 years,  62 days 10 years, 198 days 57 years, 259 days Living 70 years, 30 days
32 Reinfeldt, FredrikFredrik Reinfeldt 1 4 August 1965(4 August 1965) 41 years,  63 days 7 years, 362 days 49 years,  60 days Living 53 years, 199 days
33 Löfven, StefanStefan Löfven 1 21 July 1957(21 July 1957) 57 years,  73 days 4 years, 139 days Incumbent Living 61 years, 213 days

RecordsEdit

  • The earliest born prime minister was the third one to enter office, Carl Johan Thyselius, born on 8 June 1811. The latest born is Fredrik Reinfeldt, born on 4 August 1965.
  • The first prime minister to die (who also happens to be the first one born) was the third one to enter office (Carl Johan Thyselius), who died on 11 January 1891. The latest one to die was Ola Ullsten, who died on 28 May 2018.
  • The oldest prime minister has been Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, who died at an age of 91 years, 250 days. Of those still living, Ingvar Carlsson is the oldest, at an age of 84 years, 102 days.
  • The youngest prime minister at his death has been Robert Themptander, who died at an age of 52 years, 351 days.
  • The oldest prime minister to enter office was Carl Johan Thyselius, who entered office at an age of 72 years, 5 days. The youngest one was his closest successor Robert Themptander, who entered office at 40 years, 92 days.
  • The record for longest period in office is held by Tage Erlander at 23 years, 3 days. The shortest period in office is held by Östen Undén (5 days), but as he was only acting, the shortest ordinary period was Felix Hamrin's, lasting for 49 days.
  • The longest time span between two terms of the same minister was between Arvid Lindman's, at 16 years, 361 days between the end of his first term (7 October 1911) and the beginning of his second term (2 October 1928). The shortest time span between two terms of the same minister was 101 days, which was the time of Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp's term between the end of Per Albin Hansson's first (19 June 1936) and the beginning of his second (28 September 1936).
  • Most spells, three, is held by Hjalmar Branting , while Erik Gustaf Boström, Karl Staaf, Arvid Lindman, Per-Albin Hansson, Olof Palme, Thorbjörn Fälldin and Ingvar Carlsson all have been in office twice, with at least one other Prime Minister in office between the spells.
  • From statistical point of view, is perhaps the period 1969 to 1986 most interesting - as Palme was replaced by Fälldin (1976), who was replaced by Ullsten (1978), who was replaced by Fälldin again (1979)- and he was eventually replaced by Palme again (1982).
  • Two of the prime ministers (Per Albin Hansson and Olof Palme) have died in office and Palme is the only one who has been assassinated. Thus, those two have not had any life after office (not counting their interim periods between their respective terms). When it comes to those who have, Hjalmar Branting had the shortest time, dying only 31 days after his resignation (he resigned because of health issues and died from Myocarditis and Gallstone). The prime minister living the longest time after resignation was Ola Ullsten who lived for 38 years and 228 days after leaving the office.
  • The largest number of former and present prime minister living at the same time is 11, which has happened once. This period lasted from 24 September 1932 (the ascension of Per Albin Hansson) to 25 February 1935 (the death of Louis De Geer, Jr.) (2 years, 154 days). During that time, Per Albin Hansson was the present and former still living prime ministers were Johan Ramstedt, Arvid Lindman, Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, Nils Edén, Louis De Geer, Jr., Oscar von Sydow, Ernst Trygger, Rickard Sandler, Carl Gustaf Ekman, and Felix Hamrin.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit