Hansson II Cabinet

The second cabinet of Per Albin Hansson (Swedish: Regeringen Hansson II) was the cabinet of Sweden from 1936 to 1939. It was a coalition cabinet consisting of the two parties: Social Democrats and the Farmers' League.[1]

Per Albin Hansson's second cabinet
Flag of Sweden.svg
34th Cabinet of Sweden
Regeringen Hansson II.jpg
Date formed28 September 1936
Date dissolved13 December 1939
People and organisations
Head of stateGustaf V
Head of governmentPer Albin Hansson
Member partySocial Democrats
Farmers' League
Status in legislatureCoalition majority government
Opposition partyGeneral Electoral League
Liberal People's Party
Socialist Party
Communist Party
History
Election(s)1936 election
PredecessorPehrsson-Bramstorp's cabinet
SuccessorHansson's third cabinet

HistoryEdit

Before the electionEdit

Since 1933, the Social Democrats had organized cooperation with the Farmers' League, when a historic compromise was reached between the parties regarding political collaboration, which was an important part of the Swedish model.[2] This cooperation ceased temporarily in the summer of 1936, when Per Albin Hansson resigned his first cabinet.[1] The reason for the resignation was that it did not get the support in parliament for its defense policy, even though it was only three months left to the autumn general election.

The task of forming a new government went to the Farmers' League's leader Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp. This so-called vacation government launched any reforms or implemented some changes in the law since the parliament was not collected.[1] The fall elections were a major success for the Social Democrats, which gave rise to the Prime Minister to submit the government's resignation.

After the electionEdit

The task of forming a new government went back to Per Albin Hansson as to the general astonishment government began negotiations with the Farmers' League, possibly because the Social Democrats did not want to depend on any of the left parties in parliamentary polls. The Farmers' League received three ministerial posts: Pehrsson-Bramstorp as minister for agriculture, Karl Gustaf Westman as minister for justice, and Janne Nilsson as minister for defence. Together, the two parties in the coalition a majority in both chambers, to sklinnad from previous minority governments.[1] On 9 December 1938 Janne Nilsson died and was replaced by a social democratic politician, Per Edvin Sköld.[3]

In the period leading to World War II, the Government implemented a number of social reforms, including expensive district grouping of basic pensions and the introduction of two weeks paid vacation for all workers.

When the Finnish Winter War broke out, the government resigned and instead formed a coalition government, consisted of the Social Democrats, the Farmers' League, the Liberal People's Party, and the National Organization of the Right.

MinistersEdit

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister's Office
Prime Minister,
Head of the Prime Minister's Office
28 September 193613 December 1939 Social Democrats
Ministry of Finance
Minister for Finance,
Head of the Ministry of Finance
28 September 193613 December 1939 Social Democrats
Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Minister for Foreign Affairs,
Head of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs
28 September 193613 December 1939 Social Democrats
Ministry of Justice
Minister for Justice,
Head of the Ministry of Justice
28 September 193613 December 1939 Centre
Ministry of Defence
Minister for Defence,
Head of the Ministry of Defence
28 September 19369 December 1938 Centre
16 December 193813 December 1939 Social Democrats
Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
Minister for Health and Social Affairs,
Head of the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
28 September 193616 December 1938 Social Democrats
16 December 193813 December 1939 Social Democrats
Ministry for Communications
Minister for Communications,
Head of the Ministry of Communications
28 September 193616 December 1938 Social Democrats
16 December 193813 December 1939 Centre
Ministry of Education and Ecclesiastical Affairs
Ministry of Education and Ecclesiastical Affairs,
Head of the Ministry of Education and Ecclesiastical Affairs
28 September 193613 December 1939 Social Democrats
Ministry of Agriculture
Minister for Agriculture,
Head of the Ministry of Agriculture
28 September 193613 December 1939 Centre
Ministry of Enterprise
Minister of Enterprise,
Head of the Ministry of Enterprise
28 September 193616 December 1938 Social Democrats
16 December 193813 December 1939 Social Democrats
Ministry of Supply
Minister of Supply,
Head of the Ministry of Supply
15 October 193913 December 1939 Social Democrats
Ministers without portfolio
Law consult28 September 193613 December 1939 Independent
Law consult15 October 193931 August 1938 Social Democrats
31 August 193814 October 1939 Social Democrats
14 October 193913 December 1939 Independent

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Hedenborg and Kvarnström (2006): p. 296.
  2. ^ Hedenborg and Kvarnström (2006): p. 295.
  3. ^ John Gilmour (2010). Sweden, the Swastika and Stalin. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-7486-8666-7.
Bibliography
Preceded by Cabinet of Sweden
15 October 1936 – 13 December 1939
Succeeded by