Open main menu

List of Metropolitans and Patriarchs of Moscow

Monogram of the current Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus', Kirill.
Church of the Twelve Apostles, Cathedral Square, Moscow Kremlin – cathedral church of the Patriarchs of Moscow.

This article lists the Metropolitans and Patriarchs of Moscow, spiritual heads of the Russian Orthodox Church, since 1308.

HistoryEdit

The history of the Russian Orthodox Church begins with the Christianization of Kievan Rus' at Kiev, the date of which is commonly given as 988; however, the evidence surrounding this event is contested. In 1316 the Metropolitan of Kiev changed his see to the city of Vladimir, and in 1322 moved again to Moscow. In 1589, the see was elevated to a Patriarchate. The Patriarchate was abolished by the Church reform of Peter the Great in 1721 and replaced by the Most Holy Governing Synod, and the Bishop of Moscow came to be called a Metropolitan again. The Patriarchate was restored in 1917 and suspended by the Soviet government in 1925. It was reintroduced for the last time in 1943, during World War II by the initiative of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.

Metropolitans of Kiev and all Rus (permanent residence in Moscow, 1325–1461)Edit

No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 St. Peter   1308–1326
Seat vacant 1326–1328
2 St. Theognostus   1328–1353
3 St. Alexius   1354–1378
Mikhail (Mityay)   1378–1379 Locum tenens
Seat vacant 1379–1381
4 St. Cyprian   1381–1382 First tenure
5 Pimen   1382–1384
6 St. Dionysius I   1384–1385
Seat vacant 1385–1390
St. Cyprian   1390–1406 Second tenure
Seat vacant 1406–1408
7 St. Photius   1408–1431
Seat vacant 1431–1433
8 Gerasim (ru)   1433–1435
9 Isidore   1436–1441
Seat vacant 1441–1448
10 St. Jonah   1448–1461

Metropolitans of Moscow and all Russia (1461–1589)Edit

No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 Theodosius   1461–1464
2 Philip I   1464–1473
3 Gerontius   1473–1489
4 Zosimus   1490–1494
5 Simon   1495–1511
6 Varlaam   1511–1521
7 Daniel   1522–1539
8 Joasaphus   1539–1542
9 St. Macarius   1542–1563
10 Athanasius   1564–1566
11 St. Herman   1566
12 St. Philip II   1566–1568
13 Cyril III (IV)   1568–1572
14 Anthony   1572–1581
15 Dionysius II   1581–1587
16 St. Job   1587–1589 Elevated to Patriarch

Patriarchs of Moscow and all Russia (1589–1721)Edit

No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 St. Job   1589–1605
Ignatius   1605–1606
2 St. Hermogenes   1606–1612
Seat vacant 1612–1619
3 Philaret   1619–1633
4 Joasaphus I   1634–1640
Seat vacant 1640–1642
5 Joseph   1642–1652
6 Nikon   1652–1658
Pitirim   1658–1667 First tenure; locum tenens
7 Joasaphus II   1667–1672
8 Pitirim   1672–1673 Second tenure
9 Joachim   1674–1690
10 Adrian   1690–1700
Stefan   1700–1721 Locum tenens

Metropolitans and archbishops of Moscow (1721–1917)Edit

No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 Stefan   1721–1722
2 Theophan   1722–1736
Seat vacant 1736–1742
3 Joseph   1742–1745 [1]
4 Plato I   1745–1754 [2]
Hilarion   1754–1757 Coadjutor
5 Timothy   1757–1767
6 Ambrosius   1768–1771
Samoel   1771–1775 Coadjutor
7 Plato II   1775–1812
8 Avgustin   1812–1819
9 Seraphim   1819–1821
10 St. Philaret   1821–1867
11 St. Innocent   1868–1879
12 Macarius I   1879–1882
13 Joannicius   1882–1891
14 Leontius   1891–1893
15 Sergius I   1893–1898
16 St. Vladimir   1898–1912
17 St. Macarius II   1912–1917

Patriarchs of Moscow and all Russia (restored, 1917–present)Edit

No. Primate Portrait Election Reign Notes
11 St. Tikhon   1917–18 4 December 1917 7 April 1925
Seat vacant 1925–1943
12 Sergius I   1943 12 September 1943 15 May 1944
13 Alexy I   1945 4 February 1945 17 April 1970
14 Pimen I   1971 3 June 1971 3 May 1990
15 Alexy II   1990 10 June 1990 5 December 2008
16 Kirill I   2009 1 February 2009 Incumbent

See alsoEdit