List of Israeli settlements

This is a list of Israeli settlements in the Israeli-occupied territories of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. Israel had previously established settlements in both the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, however the Gaza settlements were dismantled in the Israeli disengagement from Gaza in 2005 and the Sinai settlements were evacuated with the Egypt–Israel peace treaty and the return of the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt. This list does not include West Bank settlements that were dismantled or Israeli outposts.

Israel in effect annexed East Jerusalem with the Jerusalem Law and considers settlements in the expanded boundaries of East Jerusalem to be neighborhoods of Jerusalem and not settlements. The United Nations Security Council ruled that act "null and void" in United Nations Security Council Resolution 478, and the international community considers East Jerusalem to continue to be held under Israeli occupation.

Israel in effect annexed the Golan Heights with the Golan Heights Law and does not consider the localities established there to be settlements. The United Nations Security Council ruled that act "null and void" in United Nations Security Council Resolution 497 and the international community continues to view the Golan Heights to be Syrian territory held under Israeli occupation.

The international community considers Israeli settlements in the Israeli-occupied territories illegal under international law, violating the Fourth Geneva Convention's prohibition on the transfer of a civilian population to or from occupied territory, though Israel disputes this.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

West Bank

Area in the West Bank outside East Jerusalem

Name Hebrew Population (2019)[7] Est.[7] Council
Adora אדורה 462 1984 Har Hebron
Alei Zahav עלי זהב 3,399 1982 Shomron
Alfei Menashe אלפי מנשה 7,952 1983 Shomron
Alon Shvut אלון שבות 3,098 1970 Gush Etzion
Almog אלמוג 254 1977 Megilot
Almon עלמון 1,420 1982 Binyamin
Argaman ארגמן 132 1968 Bik'at HaYarden
Ariel אריאל 20,540 1978 Shomron
Asfar מיצד 932 1983 Gush Etzion
Ateret עטרת 900 1981 Mateh Binyamin
Avnat אבנת 237 1983 Megilot
Avnei Hefetz אבני חפץ 1,923 1990 Shomron
Barkan ברקן 1,895 1981 Shomron
Bat Ayin בת עין 1,568 1989 Gush Etzion
Beit Aryeh בית אריה 5,253 1981 Shomron
Beit El בית אל 5,973 1977 Mateh Binyamin
Beit HaArava בית הערבה 350 1980 Megilot
Beit Horon בית חורון 1,437 1977 Mateh Binyamin
Beit Yatir בית יתיר 550 1983 Har Hebron
Beitar Illit ביתר עילית 59,270 1985 Gush Etzion
Beka'ot בקעות 182 1972 Bik'at HaYarden
Brukhin ברוכין 1,166 2012 Shomron
Karmei Tzur כרמי צור 1,001 1984 Gush Etzion
Carmel כרמל 437 1981 Har Hebron
Dolev דולב 1,448 1983 Mateh Binyamin
Efrat(a) אפרת 10,806 1980 Gush Etzion
Elazar אלעזר 2,459 1975 Gush Etzion
Eli עלי 4,415 1984 Mateh Binyamin
Elkana אלקנה 3,838 1977 Shomron
Elon Moreh אלון מורה 1,920 1979 Shomron
Einav ענב 891 1981 Shomron
Eshkolot אשכולות 577 1982 Har Hebron
Etz Efraim עץ אפרים 2,428 1985 Shomron
Hashmonaim גני מודיעין 2,771 1996 Mateh Binyamin
Geva Binyamin גבע בנימין 5,682 1984 Mateh Binyamin
Gilgal גלגל 203 1970 Bik'at HaYarden
Gitit גיתית 504 1973 Bik'at HaYarden
Giv'at Ze'ev גבעת זאב 18,420 1983 Mateh Binyamin
Giv'on HaHadasha גבעון החדשה 1,067 1980 Mateh Binyamin
Beit Hagai בית חגי 667 1984 Har Hebron
Halamish חלמיש 1977 Mateh Binyamin
Hamra חמרה 173 1971 Bik'at HaYarden
Har Adar הר אדר 4,088 1986 Mateh Binyamin
Har Brakha הר ברכה 2,757 1983 Shomron
Har Gilo הר גילה 1,635 1972 Gush Etzion
Hashmonaim חשמונאים 2,771 1985 Mateh Binyamin
Hemdat חמדת 296 1980 Bik'at HaYarden
Hermesh חרמש 224 1982 Shomron
Hinanit חיננית 1,410 1981 Shomron
Immanuel עמנואל 3,906 1983 Shomron
Itamar איתמר 1,269 1984 Shomron
Kalya קלי"ה 438 1968 Megilot
Karnei Shomron קרני שומרון 8,135 1978 Shomron
Kedar קדר 1,599 1985 Gush Etzion
Kedumim קדומים 4,544 1977 Shomron
Kfar Adumim כפר אדומים 4,674 1979 Mateh Binyamin
Kfar Etzion כפר עציון 1,156 1967 Gush Etzion
Kfar Tapuach כפר תפוח 1,312 1978 Shomron
Kiryat Arba קרית ארבע 7,326 1972 Har Hebron
Kiryat Netafim קרית נטפים 958 1983 Shomron
Kokhav HaShahar כוכב השחר 2,227 1977 Mateh Binyamin
Kokhav Ya'akov כוכב יעקב 8,541 1985 Mateh Binyamin
Lapid לפיד 2,394 1996 Hevel Modi'in
Ma'ale Adumim מעלה אדומים 38,155 1975 Gush Etzion
Ma'ale Amos מעלה עמוס 663 1981 Gush Etzion
Ma'ale Efrayim מעלה אפרים 1,260 1970 Bik'at HaYarden
Ma'ale Levona מעלה לבונה 906 1983 Mateh Binyamin
Ma'ale Mikhmas מעלה מכמש 1,529 1981 Mateh Binyamin
Ma'ale Shomron מעלה שומרון 996 1980 Shomron
Ma'on מעון 595 1981 Har Hebron
Maskiot משכיות 310 1986 Bik'at HaYarden
Masua משואה 184 1970 Bik'at HaYarden
Matityahu מתתיהו 891 1981 Mateh Binyamin
Mehola מחולה 609 1968 Bik'at HaYarden
Mekhora מכורה 166 1973 Bik'at HaYarden
Kfar HaOranim כפר האורנים 2,657 1998 Mateh Binyamin
Mevo Dothan מבוא דותן 448 1978 Shomron
Mevo Horon מבוא חורון 2,669 1970 Mateh Binyamin
Migdal Oz מגדל עוז 575 1977 Gush Etzion
Migdalim מגדלים 447 1983 Shomron
Mitzpe Shalem מצפה שלם 207 1971 Megilot
Mitzpe Yeriho מצפה יריחו 2,560 1978 Mateh Binyamin
Modi'in Illit מודיעין עילית 76,374 1996 Mateh Binyamin
Na'ale נעלה 2,148 1988 Mateh Binyamin
Nahliel נחליאל 725 1984 Mateh Binyamin
Negohot נגוהות 352 1999 Har Hebron
Netiv HaGdud נתיב הגדוד 212 1976 Bik'at HaYarden
Neve Daniel נווה דניאל 2,322 1982 Gush Etzion
Nili נילי 1,786 1981 Mateh Binyamin
Niran נירן 1977 Bik'at HaYarden
Nofim נופים 864 1987 Shomron
Nokdim נוקדים 2,383 1982 Gush Etzion
Na'omi נעמ"ה 165 1982 Bik'at HaYarden
Ofra עפרה 3,043 1975 Mateh Binyamin
Oranit אורנית 8,955 1985 Shomron
Otniel עתניאל 1,044 1983 Har Hebron
Peduel פדואל 2,010 1984 Shomron
Ma'ale Hever מעלה חבר 635 1982 Har Hebron
Petza'el פצאל 304 1975 Bik'at HaYarden
Psagot פסגות 1,881 1981 Mateh Binyamin
Rehelim רחלים 802 2013 Shomron
Reihan ריחן 330 1977 Shomron
Revava רבבה 2,632 1991 Shomron
Rimonim רימונים 700 1977 Mateh Binyamin
Ro'i רועי 175 1976 Bik'at HaYarden
Rosh Tzurim ראש צורים 933 1969 Gush Etzion
Rotem רותם 228 1983 Bik'at HaYarden
Sal'it סלעית 1,331 1977 Shomron
Sansana סנסנה 519 1997 Har Hebron
Sha'arei Tikva שערי תקווה 6,039 1983 Shomron
Shadmot Mehola שדמות מחולה 666 1979 Bik'at HaYarden
Shaked שקד 962 1981 Shomron
Livne לִבְנֶה‬ 1989 Har Hebron
Shavei Shomron שבי שומרון 977 1977 Shomron
Shilo שילה 4,356 1979 Mateh Binyamin
Shim'a שמעה 741 1985 Har Hebron
Susiya סוסיא 1,339 1983 Har Hebron
Talmon טלמון 4,575 1989 Mateh Binyamin
Tekoa תקוע 4,076 1977 Gush Etzion
Telem תלם 445 1982 Har Hebron
Teneh Omarim טנא עומרים 872 1983 Har Hebron
Tomer תומר 276 1978 Bik'at HaYarden
Vered Yeriho ורד יריחו 341 1980 Megilot
Yafit יפית 202 1980 Bik'at HaYarden
Yakir יקיר 2,288 1981 Shomron
Yitav ייט"ב 358 1970 Bik'at HaYarden
Yitzhar יצהר 1,726 1983 Shomron
Tzofim צופים 2,406 1989 Shomron

East Jerusalem

Following the capture and occupation of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem in 1967, the Israeli government effectively annexed the formerly Jordanian occupied territory and extended the Jerusalem municipality borders by adding 70,500 dunams of land with the aim of establishing Jewish settlements and cementing the status of a united city under Israeli control. The Jerusalem Master Plan 1968 called for increasing the Israeli population of Arab East Jerusalem, encircling the city with Israeli settlements and excluding large Palestinian neighborhoods from the expanded municipality.[8] Jerusalem was effectively annexed by Israel in 1980, an act that was internationally condemned and ruled "null and void" by the United Nations Security Council in United Nations Security Council Resolution 478. The international community continues to regard East Jerusalem as occupied territory and Israel's settlements there illegal under international law.[1]

Name Hebrew Population (2010)[9] Est.
East Talpiot תלפיות מזרח 13,984 1967
French Hill הגבעה הצרפתית 8,660 1969
Gilo גילֹה 29,559 1973
Giv'at Hamivtar גבעת המבתר 2,944 1970
Har Homa, Givat Hamatos הר חומה 9,811 1997
Ma'alot Dafna מעלות דפנה 2,720 1972
Neve Yaakov נווה יעקב 19,703 1972
Pisgat Ze'ev פסגת זאב 44,512 1985
Ramat Eshkol רמת אשכול 3,573 1970
Ramat Shlomo רמת שלמה 14,554 1995
Ramot רמות אלון 41,410 1974
Sanhedria Murhevet סנהדריה המורחבת 4,094 1970

Golan Heights

Construction of Israeli settlements began in the portion of the Golan Heights held by Israel in 1967, which was under military administration until Israel passed the Golan Heights Law extending Israeli law and administration throughout the territory in 1981.[10] This move was condemned by the United Nations Security Council in UN Resolution 497,[11][12] which stated that "the Israeli decision to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration in the occupied Syrian Golan Heights is null and void and without international legal effect." Israel maintains it has a right to retain the Golan, citing the text of UN Resolution 242, which calls for "safe and recognised boundaries free from threats or acts of force".[13] However, the international community rejects Israeli claims to title to the territory and regards it as sovereign Syrian territory.[14][15][16]

Population of Israeli Golan Heights settlements
Name Hebrew Population 2019.[7] Est.[7]
Katzrin קַצְרִין‬ 7,297 1977
Afik אֲפִיק‬ 345 1972
Ein Zivan עֵין זִיוָן‬ 370 1968
El Rom אֶל רוֹם‬ 398 1971
Geshur גְּשׁוּר 280 1971
Kfar Haruv כְּפַר חָרוּב 434 1974
Merom Golan מְרוֹם גּוֹלָן 743 1967
Metzar מֵיצָר 299 1981
Mevo Hama מְבוֹא חַמָּה 459 1968
Natur נָטוּר 713 1980
Ortal אוֹרְטַל 343 1978
Alonei HaBashan אַלּוֹנֵי הַבָּשָׁן 457 1981
Ani'am אֲנִיעָם 533 1978
Avnei Eitan אַבְנֵ"י אֵיתָ"ן 725 1973
Bnei Yehuda בְּנֵי יְהוּדָה 1,085 1972
Eliad אֵלִי עַד 433 1968
Givat Yoav גִּבְעַת יוֹאָב 707 1968
Haspin חַסְפִּין 2,055 1978
Kanaf כָּנָף 461 1985
Keshet קֶשֶׁת 799 1974
Kidmat Tzvi קִדְמַת צְבִי 499 1981
Ma'ale Gamla מַעֲלֵה גַּמְלָא 557 1975
Neot Golan נְאוֹת גּוֹלָן 632 1968
Neve Ativ נְוֵה אַטִי"ב 110 1972
Nov נוֹב 965 1974
Odem אֹדֶם 155 1975
Ramat Magshimim רָמַת מַגְשִׁימִים 705 1968
Ramot רָמוֹת 552 1969
Sha'al שַׁעַל 276 1980
Yonatan יוֹנָתָן 745 1975
Kela Alon קלע אלון 319 1981, 1991
Had Ness חַד נֵס 810 1989

References

  1. ^ a b Roberts, Adam (1990). "Prolonged Military Occupation: The Israeli-Occupied Territories Since 1967". The American Journal of International Law. American Society of International Law. 84 (1): 60, 69, 85–86. doi:10.2307/2203016. JSTOR 2203016. p. 60: Although East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights have been brought directly under Israeli law, by acts that amount to annexation, both of these areas continue to be viewed by the international community as occupied, and their status as regards the applicability of international rules is in most respects identical to that of the West Bank and Gaza.
    p 69: SC Res. 446 (Mar. 22, 1979), adopted by 12 votes to none, with 3 abstentions (Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States), reaffirmed the applicability of the fourth Geneva Convention, as well as opposing the establishment of Israeli settlements in the occupied territories
    pp 85–86: The international community has taken a critical view of both deportations and settlements as being contrary to international law. General Assembly resolutions have condemned the deportations since 1969, and have done so by overwhelming majorities in recent years. Likewise, they have consistently deplored the establishment of settlements, and have done so by overwhelming majorities throughout the period (since the end of 1976) of the rapid expansion in their numbers. The Security Council has also been critical of deportations and settlements; and other bodies have viewed them as an obstacle to peace, and illegal under international law
  2. ^ Pertile, Marco (2005). "'Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory': A Missed Opportunity for International Humanitarian Law?". In Conforti, Benedetto; Bravo, Luigi (eds.). The Italian Yearbook of International Law. Vol. 14. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 141. ISBN 978-90-04-15027-0. the establishment of the Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory has been considered illegal by the international community and by the majority of legal scholars
  3. ^ Barak-Erez, Daphne (2006). "Israel: The security barrier—between international law, constitutional law, and domestic judicial review". International Journal of Constitutional Law. Oxford University Press. 4 (3): 548. doi:10.1093/icon/mol021. The real controversy hovering over all the litigation on the security barrier concerns the fate of the Israeli settlements in the occupied territories. Since 1967, Israel has allowed and even encouraged its citizens to live in the new settlements established in the territories, motivated by religious and national sentiments attached to the history of the Jewish nation in the land of Israel. This policy has also been justified in terms of security interests, taking into consideration the dangerous geographic circumstances of Israel before 1967 (where Israeli areas on the Mediterranean coast were potentially threatened by Jordanian control of the West Bank ridge). The international community, for its part, has viewed this policy as patently illegal, based on the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention that prohibit moving populations to or from territories under occupation
  4. ^ Drew, Catriona (1997). "Self-determination and population transfer". In Bowen, Stephen (ed.). Human rights, self-determination and political change in the occupied Palestinian territories. International studies in human rights. Vol. 52. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. pp. 151–152. ISBN 978-90-411-0502-8. It can thus clearly be concluded that the transfer of Israeli settlers into the occupied territories violates not only the laws of belligerent occupation but the Palestinian right of self-determination under international law. The question remains, however, whether this is of any practical value. In other words, given the view of the international community that the Israeli settlements are illegal under the law if belligerent occupation
  5. ^ International Labour Organization (2005). "The situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories" (PDF). p. 14. The international community considers Israeli settlements within the occupied territories illegal and in breach of, inter alia, United Nations Security Council resolution 465 of 1 March 1980 calling on Israel "to dismantle the existing settlements and in particular to cease, on an urgent basis, the establishment, construction and planning of settlements in the Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem"
  6. ^ Benveniśtî, Eyāl (2004). The international law of occupation. Princeton University Press. p. xvii. ISBN 978-0-691-12130-7. In its advisory opinion of July 9, 2004, on the Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, the International Court of Justice found Israel in breach of several international law obligations by its construction of a separation barrier on West Bank territory. ... The Court flatly rejects the Israeli claims concerning the inapplicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention to the West Bank and concerning the inapplicability of Article 49 to the Jewish settlements in the areas occupied by Israel. Neither of these claims gained serious support from the international community
  7. ^ a b c d "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  8. ^ Rawan Asali Nuseibeh (8 October 2015). Political Conflict and Exclusion in Jerusalem: The Provision of Education and Social Services. Taylor & Francis. pp. 43–. ISBN 978-1-317-53576-8.
  9. ^ East Jerusalem Settlements, Foundation for Middle East Peace, January 13, 2011
  10. ^ Golan Heights Law, MFA.
  11. ^ Korman, Sharon, The Right of Conquest: The Acquisition of Territory by Force in International Law and Practice, Oxford University Press, pp. 262–263
  12. ^ UN Security Council Resolution 497
  13. ^ Y.Z Blum "Secure Boundaries and Middle East Peace in the Light of International Law and Practice" (1971) pages 24–46
  14. ^ * "The international community maintains that the Israeli decision to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration in the occupied Syrian Golan is null and void and without international legal effect." International Labour Office (2009). The situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories (International government publication ed.). International Labour Office. p. 23. ISBN 978-92-2-120630-9.
  15. ^ Occupied territory:
  16. ^ Korman, Sharon. The right of conquest: the acquisition of territory by force in international law and practice, Oxford University Press, 1996. pg. 265. ISBN 0-19-828007-6. "The continued occupation of the Syrian Golan Heights is recognized by many states as valid and consistent with the provisions of the United Nations Charter, on a self-defence basis. Israel, on this view, would be entitled to exact as a condition of withdrawal from the territory the imposition of security measures of an indefinite character--such as perpetual demilitarization, or the emplacement of a United Nations force--which would ensure, or tend to ensure, that the territory would not be used against it for aggression on future occasions. But the notion that Israel is entitled to claim any status other than that of belligerent occupant in the territory which it occupies, or to act beyond the strict bounds laid down in the Fourth Geneva Convention, has been universally rejected by the international community--no less by the United States than by any other state."