Giv'at Ze'ev (Hebrew: גִּבְעַת זְאֵב) is an Israeli settlement  in the West Bank, five kilometers northwest of Jerusalem. The town was founded in 1977 on the site of the abandoned Jordanian military camp, adjacent to the site of ancient Gibeon. While it lies within the borders of the Matte Binyamin Regional Council, it is a separate municipal entity. In 2018 it had a population of 17,922.
|• ISO 259||Gibˁat Zˀeb|
|• Also spelled||Givat Zeev (unofficial)|
View from the wadi
|District||Judea and Samaria Area|
|• Type||Local council|
|• Head of Municipality||Yossi Avrahami|
|• Total||4,841 dunams (4.841 km2 or 1.869 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,700/km2 (9,600/sq mi)|
|Name meaning||Zeev's Hill (also: Wolf Hill)|
- 2,246 dunams from Al Jib,
- 30 dunams from Beit Duqqu,
- 9 dunums from Beit Ijza,
- 1,036 dunams from Beitunia, for Giv'at Ze'ev and Beit Horon.
It was named after Ze'ev Jabotinsky, and declared a local council in 1983. Palestinians contend that under the expropriation maps contained in military orders, the road connecting it to Jerusalem, though ostensibly designed to "facilitate Palestinian movement", actually would confiscate 15 square kilometers of prime agricultural land, on which the livelihoods of 24,000 Palestinians depend in order to enable the programmed development of this settlement bloc.
In 1996 a program of expansion with new housing units and an envisaged 20,000 new settlers was approved, to be constructed on land confiscated from the Palestinian villages of Beitunia, Biddu, and Jib, in what Palestinians call Wadi Salman, but which the Israelis have renamed Ha'ayalot valley. Twice in successive years further areas amounting to 250 acres were confiscated from Beitunia and Jib to build an additional 11,550 units. On March 9, 2008, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert approved the construction of 750 new homes in Giv'at Ze'ev under the Agan Ha'ayalot project. This approval stands in contrast to Olmert's policy of freezing new permits for expansion within existing settlements. Olmert argued that the project was first approved in 1999, but stopped in 2000, as a result of the Second Intifada. The approval was criticized by the Palestinian Authority, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, and the European Union. On the political right, the Shas party took credit for pressuring Olmert to approve the project.
Giv'at Ze'ev is one of five settlement "blocs" that, according to the Jewish Virtual Library, "[m]ost Israelis believe...should become part of Israel when final borders are drawn" and "both Prime Minister Sharon in 2005 and Prime Minister Benjamin Neyantahu in 2010 have repeatedly said the large settlement blocs will “remain in our hands.”"
Both the Ayelet HaShahar synagogue and yeshiva built on private Palestinian land owned by the Allatif family of the nearby Palestinian township of Jib, are slated to be demolished by March 2014, after the prosecutor's office determined that the putative documents of land purchase were forgeries.
It is located just off Highway 443, affording easy access to both Jerusalem and the Tel Aviv area. It is connected to Jerusalem by Egged Ta'avura bus routes 131, 132, 133, 134 and to Tel-Aviv by Egged bus number 471. The loop circling Giv'at Ze'ev effectively annexes over 18 square miles of Palestinian land. The town is patrolled by Mishmeret Ha'gvul and a local security force, and is secured by a security fence. Plans are underway to set a guard post near the entrance to route 443 (currently, the road is closed off by a security fence).
Giv'at Ze'ev is the center of the Karlin-Stolin Chasidim and one of the town's most notable residents is the Stoliner Rebbe Boruch Yaakov Meir Shochet. There is also a Chabad Lubavitch community there as well.
Ramat Givat Zeev
Ramat Givat Zeev is a new section that is currently being developed. There are building 400 housing units with both houses and apartments. It is marketed towards English speaking religious Jews, who are making Aliyah to Israel.
- "Population in the Localities 2018" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
- 'An Israeli settlement in close-up,' BBC News, 22 September 2009.
- 'An Israeli settlement in close-up,' BBC News, 22 September 2009:'Built, like all settlements, in defiance of international law on land captured in 1967, its location is strategically important, south of Israel's Highway 443 cutting into the West Bank for 20km to connect Tel Aviv with Jerusalem.'
- "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Eric Silver (10 March 2008). "Israel defies freeze on illegal settlements". The Independent.
- Al Jib Village Profile, ARIJ, August 2012, p. 18
- Beit Duqqu Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 18
- Beit Ijza village profile, 2012, ARIJ, p. 16
- Beituniya Town Profile, ARIJ, p. 18
- Deborah Cowen,Emily Gilbert (eds.) War, Citizenship, Territory, Routledge, 2008 p.277.
- Cheryl Rubenberg,The Palestinians: In Search of a Just Peace,Lynne Rienner Publishers 2003 p.222
- "PM Okays Givat Ze'ev Building Project". Jerusalem Post. 10 March 2008. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- "Fact Sheet #40: "Consensus" Settlements". Jewish Virtual Library: Fact Sheet #40.
- Chaim Levinson, 'Israel pledges to raze settler structures built on Palestinian land with forged deeds,' at Haaretz, 3 September 2013.
- René Backmann,A Wall in Palestine,Macmillan 2010 p.136
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2013-12-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Givat Zeev Municipality
- Nefesh B'Nefesh Community Guide for Giv'at Ze'ev, Israel.
- Current weather in Givat Zeev (local weather station)
- "An Israeli settlement in close-up". BBC. 22 September 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- "In the shadow of an Israeli settlement". BBC. 25 September 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- "Land Grab. Israel's Settlement Policy in the West Bank" (PDF). B'tselem. May 2002. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- "Under the Guise of Security. Routing the Separation Barrier to Enable the Expansion of Israeli Settlements in the West Bank" (PDF). B'tselem. December 2005. p. 34. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- Chabad of Giv'at Ze'ev