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Elon Moreh (Hebrew: אֵלוֹן מוֹרֶה) is an Orthodox Jewish Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located northeast of Nablus on the slopes of the Mount Kabir ridge, it falls under the jurisdiction of Shomron Regional Council. In 2018, it had a population of 1,946.

Elon Moreh

אֵלוֹן מוֹרֶה
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • unofficialElon More
The two older neighbourhoods, looking south
The two older neighbourhoods, looking south
Elon Moreh is located in the Northern West Bank
Elon Moreh
Elon Moreh
Coordinates: 32°14′2.15″N 35°19′52.69″E / 32.2339306°N 35.3313028°E / 32.2339306; 35.3313028Coordinates: 32°14′2.15″N 35°19′52.69″E / 32.2339306°N 35.3313028°E / 32.2339306; 35.3313028
DistrictJudea and Samaria Area
CouncilShomron
RegionWest Bank
AffiliationAmana
Founded1980
Population
 (2018)[1]
1,946
Name meaningNamed after Biblical town
Ark in Rahamei Tirtzah synagogue

The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[2]

Elon Moreh is located on land confiscated from two Palestinian villages: 639 dunums were taken from Azmut,[3] while 659 dunums were taken from Deir al-Hatab.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The method of proclaiming West Bank village lands to be "state lands" was subsequently used to create many other West Bank settlements. In this, too, Elon Moreh was a precedent-setting case - a positive one in the eyes of some Israelis, an illegal one according to international law.[5]

The village's primary school "Nahalat Tzvi" is named after Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda Kook, who had been the leader of Gush Emunim. Elon Moreh also has a hesder yeshiva, called "Birkat Yosef", with a couple of hundred students. The rosh yeshiva of the yeshiva is Rabbi Eliyakim Levanon, who is also the chief rabbi of Elon Moreh and Shomron district.[citation needed]

The present-day settlement of Elon Moreh receives municipal services from the Shomron Regional Council, and the closest neighboring settlements are Itamar, Har Bracha, and Yitzhar.[citation needed]

Arab-Israeli conflictEdit

On 29 July 1985, the bodies of two young Palestinians were discovered near Elon Moreh. They had disappeared shortly after the murder of two teachers near Jenin, 21 July. The army reported that they had been preparing a bomb. Their families strongly denied this.[6]

On May 21, 1987, 8-year-old Rami Chaba was found dead in a cave with his head smashed by a rock, outside of Elon Moreh perimeter. His parents and neighbors searched for him all night after he was last seen riding his bicycle the day before.[7][8]

On April 6, 1988, Elon Moreh resident 15-year-old Tirza Porat was accidentally shot dead in the neighbouring Palestinian village of Beita by fellow Jewish settler Romam Aldubli.[9]

On October 7, 2000, Joseph's Tomb was looted and razed by Palestinians. The next morning, the bullet-riddled body of Rabbi Hillel Lieberman of Elon Moreh, a cousin of Senator Joseph Lieberman, was found on the outskirts of Nablus, where he had gone to check damage to the tomb.[10]

On March 28, 2002, a Palestinian gunman infiltrated the village, burst into the home of the Gavish family, and opened fire. The lone gunman managed to kill four residents, before being killed himself. [1] The victims were Rachel Gavish (50), David Gavish (50), Avraham Gavish (20), and Yitzhak Kanner (83).[11]

In March 2012, two Palestinians were spotted attempting to infiltrate Elon Moreh. They were arrested by the IDF when they were found to be in possession of large knives. It is believed by security forces that a stabbing attack was prevented.[12]

NameEdit

In the Bible, Elon Moreh is where God told Abraham, "To your descendants will I give this land" (Genesis 12:7). Jacob, the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham, purchased land near Elon Moreh and Shechem (Genesis 33:19). The name of the village comes from a passage in the Torah relating to the first location where Abraham settled after crossing the Jordan River.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population in the Localities 2018" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  2. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
  3. ^ Azmut village profile, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem p. 15 (ARIJ)
  4. ^ Deir al Hatab Village Profile, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem p. 15, (ARIJ)
  5. ^ Eyal Benvenisti, The Law of Occupation, 1993, pp. 107-148. Oxford University Press.
  6. ^ Middle East International No 256, 9 August 1985, Publishers Lord Mayhew, Dennis Walters MP; Daoud Kuttab pp. 4,5
  7. ^ "West Bank Slaying Stirs Jews` Anger". Chicago Tribune. May 22, 1987.
  8. ^ "Jewish Child from the Elon Moreh Settlement Found Murdered Nearnablus". JTA. May 22, 1987.
  9. ^ Noam Chomsky, 'Fateful Triangle - The United States, Israel, and the Palestinians', Updated Edition. Pluto Press, London. 1999. ISBN 0-7453-1530-5. Page 494-495.
  10. ^ Matthews 2007, p. 285.
  11. ^ "Victims of Palestinian Violence and Terrorism since September 2000".
  12. ^ Altman, Yair. Elon Moreh: Stabbing Attack Foiled; 2 Arrested, Ynetnews.com, 3 May 2012

External linksEdit