List of Iranian four-thousanders

This list contains all of the summits and subsidiary tops of 4,000 metres (13,123 ft) or more above sea level in Iran.

Since there is no precise or formal definition of a mountain summit, the number of 4000-metre summits or four-thousanders is arbitrary. Topographic prominence is an important factor in deciding the official nomination of a summit.[1] The list here is based not only on prominence but also on other criteria, such as morphology (general appearance) and mountaineering interest. A minimum prominence criterion of 500 metres would considerably reduce the number of four-thousanders.

ListEdit

The table shows the four-thousanders in Iran.[2][3] There are several summits in the list with multiple peaks, where only the highest is listed.

Clicking the symbol at the head of the column sorts the table by that column's data.

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Persian
name
Summit Height
(m)
Range Sub-Range Latitude Longitude Prominence
(m) [4][5]
دماوند Damāvand 5,609 [6] Alborz Central Alborz +35° 57′ 20″ +52° 06′ 36″ 4685
علم کوه Alam-Kuh 4,848 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 22' 32" +50° 57' 42" 1872
سبلان Sabalān 4,811 Northwest Ranges Sabalan +38° 16′ 1″ +47° 50′ 13″ 3283
شاخک Shākhak (5 peaks) 4,795 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 22' 29.36" +50° 58' 6.09"
خرسان شمالی North Khersān 4,680 [7] Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 22' 6.22" +50° 57' 14.18"
خرسان جنوبی South Khersān 4,659 [7] Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 21' 53.29" +50° 57' 7.14"
تخت سلیمان Takhté Soleyman 4,659 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 23' 26.45" +50° 57' 33.67" 281
سیاه سنگ Siāh-Sang 4,604 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 22' 22.77" +50° 58' 39.18"
هرم Heram 4,587 Northwest Ranges Sabalan +38° 15' 16.7" +47° 48' 49.9"E 345
مرجی کش Marji-Kesh 4,580 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 22' 2.86" +50° 57' 58.55"
کسری Kasrā 4,577 Northwest Ranges Sabalan +38° 15' 10.8" +47° 48' 19.5" 137
هفت خان Haft-Khān [8] 4,537 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 22' 16.80" +50° 56' 17.66" 130
چالون Chāloun 4,516 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 22' 56.97" +50° 59' 25.84" 103
هَزار Hazār 4,500 [9] Central Range Hazaran massif +29° 30' 42.1" +57° 16' 17.9" 2741
سیاه گوگ Siāh-Goog 4,500 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 23' 52.94" +50° 57' 44.15"
سیاه کمان Siāh-Kamān 4,472 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 23' 30.4" +50° 59' 27.1" 107
میش چال Mish-Chāl 4,470 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 24' 5.75" +50° 57' 43.69"
شانه کوه Shāneh-Kuh 4,465 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 22' 56.47" +50° 57' 43.71"
رستم نیشت Rostam-Nisht 4,426 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 24' 29.37" +50° 57' 33.80"
قاش مستان Ghāsh-Mastān (Bijan III) 4,412 Zagros Dena +30° 57' 6.00" +51° 26' 10.00" 2604
کالو Kāloo [10] 4,412 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 26' 44.87" +50° 56' 55.95" 305
(لاله زار (ننو Nenoo (Laleh-Zār) 4,403 [11] Central Range Hazaran massif +29° 24' 09" +56° 48' 51" 540
گردون کوه Gardoon-Kuh 4,402 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 20' 34.40" +50° 57' 30.71" 113
قُبی Ghobi 4,399 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 26' 54.06" +50° 56' 31.54"
(کوه شاه (کله برفی Kuhe'-Shāh (Kalleh-Barfi) 4,392 [11] Central Range Hazaran massif +29° 23' 28" +56° 44' 50" 1384
کلاچ بند Kalāch-Band 4,392 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 23' 5.80" +50° 59' 58.56"
مور گل Moor-Gol 4,380 Zagros Dena +30° 57' 44.00" +51° 25' 26.00" 243
منار Menār 4,378 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 21' 6.13" +50° 57' 39.06"
خُلنو بزرگ Greate Kholeno 4,375 [12] Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 3' 52.96" +51° 33' 6.94" 967
ماش Māsh (Bijan I) 4,370 Zagros Dena +30° 55' 57.00" +51° 28' 11.00" 232
آزادکوه Azād Kuh 4,355 [12] Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 10' 9.00" +51° 30' 8.00" 730
یاپراق Yāprāgh 4,350 Northwest Ranges Sabalan +38° 16' 40.1" +47° 50' 01.8"
خُلنو کوچک Small Kholeno 4,348 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 3' 38.10" +51° 33' 9.26"
میان سه چال Miān-Seh-Chāl 4,348 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 23' 11.53" +50° 58' 29.09"
سه قپه آسمانی Seh-Ghoppeh-Āsemāni (Bijan II) 4,340 Zagros Dena +30° 56' 14.00" +51° 27' 3.00"
دوخواهران غربی West Do-Khāharān 4,338 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 2' 1.29", +51° 55' 14.83" 644
تنگه گلو Tangeh-Geloo 4,335 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 21' 57.64" +50° 59' 3.56"
هزارچم Hezār-Cham 4,317 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 20' 20.83" +50° 57' 45.70"
هرا شرقی East Harā 4,310 Zagros Dena +30° 55' 20.51" +51° 29' 0.65"
دو خواهران شرقی East Do-Khāharān 4,310 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 1' 55.04" +51° 55' 22.25"
قاش مستان Ghāsh-Mastān (Bijan III) 4,412 Zagros Dena +30° 57' 6.00" +51° 26' 10.00" 2604
هرم Heram 4,305 Zagros Dena +30° 56' 39.12" +51° 26' 57.12" 100
بن رو Bon-Ro 4,300 Zagros Dena +30° 56' 43.60" +51° 26' 11.02"
لوی نا Loinā 4,300 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 27' 1.77" +50° 55' 53.2"
ستاره Setāreh 4,296 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 21' 24.92" +50° 57' 24.84"
برج Borj 4,293 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 3' 13.00" +51° 33' 2.15"
هرا غربی West Harā 4,280 Zagros Dena +30° 55' 16.80" +51° 28' 40.26"
کل بلبل Kale'-Bolbol 4,280 Zagros Dena +31° 3' 9.50" +51° 20' 49.51" 371
شکر لقاس (ناظر بزرگ) Shekar-Loghās (Great Nāzer) 4,278 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 5' 11.00" +51° 57' 8.00" 503
هرزه کوه Harzeh-Kuh 4,268 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 3' 3.00" +51° 32' 36.00"
چپکرو Chapak-Roo 4,260 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 1' 49.54" +51° 56' 11.22"
کله گردنک Koleh-Gerdenak 4,260 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 23' 33.04" +51° 0' 26.99"
لشگرک بزرگ Greate Lashgarak 4,256 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 20' 7.64" +50° 58' 45.80"
پالون گردن Paloon-Gardan 4,256 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 5' 8.13" +51° 35' 14.09"
خرس چال Khers-Chāl 4,253 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 3' 16.00" +51° 32' 19.00"
میش چال Mish-Chāl 4,253 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 4' 7.70" +51° 33' 44.46"
پازن پیر Pāzan-Pir 4,250 Zagros Dena +30° 47' 19.20" +51° 38' 57.71"
قزل قله Ghezel-Gholleh 4,250 Zagros Dena +30° 56' 27.04" +51° 26' 51.19"
ابیدر Abeedar 4,250 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 22' 35.6" +51° 03' 53.9" 473
تخت رستم Takhte'-Rostam 4,246 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 25' 11.77" +50° 57' 21.29"
کمان کوه Kamān-Kuh 4,234 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 7' 46.28" +51° 28' 13.84" 518
پلوار Palvār 4,233 [13] Central Range Hazaran massif +30° 04' 12.1" +57° 27' 56.8" 1970
زرد گل Zard-Gel 4,231 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 21' 36.24" +50° 58' 31.89"
کلون چین Kolunchin 4,221 Zagros Zard-Kuh +32° 21' 52.53" +50° 4' 38.77" 2095
فراخه نو Farākheh-no 4,210 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 3' 31.98" +51° 31' 30.98"
سرکچال Sarakchāl 4,210 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 1' 42.05" +51° 32' 21.83" 289
کپیری Kapiri 4,210 Zagros Dena +30° 55' 41.32" +51° 27' 36.76"
سی یونه زا Si-Yoneh-Zā 4,208 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 04' 09.6" +51° 32' 52.1"
نرگس Narges 4,206 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 5' 57.07" +51° 35' 6.94"
سرخرسنگ Sar-Khar-Sang 4,203 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 4' 44.28" +51° 33' 49.71"
اسبی چال Asbi-Chāl 4,200 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 04' 21.2" +51° 32' 42.2"
کل شیدا Kale'-Sheydā 4,200 Zagros Dena +31° 3' 17.97" +51° 20' 22.17"
تل گردل Tal-Gardal 4,200 Zagros Dena +30° 58' 51.58" +51° 23' 25.86"
اهرام لوکوره Ahrām-Lokooreh 4,200 Zagros Dena +30° 59' 27.07" +51° 23' 36.99"
نفار نقار Nefār-Neghār 4,199 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 25' 57.14" +50° 57' 8.77"
زرین کوه Zarrin-Kuh 4,198 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 16' 43.46" +51° 3' 36.71"
یخچال Yakh-Chāl 4,194 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 7' 31.43" +51° 29' 7.76"
کل خرمن Kale'-Kharman 4,190 Zagros Dena +30° 50' 21.46" +51° 35' 6.45"
سرکوله Sar-Koule' 4,188 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 05' 32.7" +51° 56' 58.2"
سیالان Siālān 4,185 Alborz West Alborz +36° 30' 41.89" +50° 41' 54.63"
دیوچال Div-Chāl 4,185 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 21' 42.3" +51° 02' 53.9"
لشگرک کوچک Small Lashgarak 4,184 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 19' 41.25" +50° 58' 53.37"
سیچانی Sichāni 4,180 Zagros Dena +30° 53' 46.00" +51° 29' 42.00"
تخت خرس Takhte'-Khers 4,178 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 2' 39.39" +51° 54' 45.30"
سرماهو Sar-Māhoo 4,165 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 7' 30.80" +51° 28' 35.32"
کلون بستک Koloon-Bastak 4,156 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 3' 12.63" +51° 27' 55.31"
سیاه غار Siāh Ghār (Sarakchāl II) 4,152 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 1' 43" +51° 31' 59"
قبله Ghebleh 4,150 Zagros Dena +30° 57' 39.38" +51° 26' 26.86"
قلات بزی Ghalāt'e-Bozi 4,150 Zagros Dena +31° 0' 25.21" +51° 22' 32.10"
کاهو Kāhoo 4,150 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 2' 51.26" +51° 54' 16.56"
خرسان Khersān 4,150 Zagros Zard-Kuh +32° 22' 12" +50° 04' 58.4"
سن بران San-Borān 4,139 Zagros Oshtoran Kuh +33° 20' 24.83" +49° 18' 15.88" 1986
جوپار Jupār 4,135 [14] Central Range Hazaran massif +29° 54' 39.0" +57° 12' 06.1" 1597
سه سنگ Seh-Sang 4,135 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 01' 22.6" +51° 56' 49.5"
دال کولی Dāl-Kowli 4,130 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 4' 4.70" +51° 30' 7.08"
چال وهلی Chāle'-Vohli 4,130 Zagros Dena +31° 2' 0.14" +51° 21' 9.57"
پالوان Pālvān 4,126 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 5' 4.01" +51° 34' 33.74"
شاه البرز Shāh-Alborz 4,125 Alborz Shah-Alborz +36° 18' 51.34" +50° 45' 11.45" 931
بند دال کولی Band-Dāl-Koli 4,118 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 3' 44.97" +51° 30' 59.15"
کل قدویس Kale'-Ghodveis 4,110 Zagros Dena +31° 3' 52.38" +51° 20' 5.33"
برف کرمو Barf-Kermoo 4,110 Zagros Dena +30° 51' 50.85" +51° 33' 3.47"
برف چال Barf-Chāl 4,110 Zagros Dena +30° 46' 54.06" +51° 39' 15.50"
لوکوره مرکزی Central Lokooreh 4,110 Zagros Dena +31° 0' 12.50" +51° 23' 28.02"
یخ کمر Yakh-Kamar 4,110 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 2' 41.14" +51° 54' 54.57"
ناز Nāz 4,108 Alborz Kahar +36° 6' 30.28" +51° 2' 27.50"
نول شمالی North Nevel 4,100 Zagros Dena +30° 49' 21.76" +51° 36' 48.11"
گدار کج اندر کج Godāre'-Kaj-Andar-Kaj 4,100 [11] Central Range Hazaran massif +29° 26' 8.7" +56° 46' 4.9"
گلچین Golchin 4,093 [13] Central Range Hazaran massif +30° 01' 17.4" +57° 31' 01"
مازی گردن Māzi-Gardan 4,090 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 27' 50.5" +50° 55' 33.3"
درویش کزلی Darvish-Kezli 4,086 Zagros Zard-Kuh +32° 17' 6.66" +50° 8' 28.74"
گل گهر Gol-Gahar 4,084 Zagros Oshtoran Kuh +33° 20' 23.77" +49° 17' 48.69"
کهنو Koheno 4,082 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 7' 15.33" +51° 29' 38.66"
میرزایی Mirzāei 4,081 Zagros Oshtoran Kuh +33° 20' 9.93" +49° 18' 21.54"
کول کولایو Kole'-Kolāyo 4,080 Zagros Oshtoran Kuh +33° 20' 22.99" +49° 17' 55.13"
کلوان Kelvān 4,078 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 19' 57.19" +50° 54' 45.87"
کاعون Kāoon 4,075 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 3' 39.35" +51° 58' 58.67"
فیالستون Fiyāleston 4,075 Zagros Oshtoran Kuh +33° 20' 8.82" +49° 18' 23.80"
کوله Koule' 4,074 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 4' 41.41" +51° 56' 36.36"
دوبرار Do-Berār 4,072 Alborz Do-Berar ridge +35° 45' 47.46" +52° 16' 11.16" 1352
هفت تنان Haft-Tanan 4,070 Zagros Zard-Kuh +32° 30' 13.00" +49° 57' 26.00"
میش چال Mish-Chāl 4,067 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 19' 44.74" +50° 56' 23.51"
گل گل Gol-Gol 4,060 Zagros Oshtoran Kuh +33° 20' 38.72" +49° 17' 19.57"
قره داغ Ghareh Dagh 4,057 Alborz Do-Berar ridge
شیرکوه Shir Kuh 4,055 Central Range Shir Kuh Range +31° 36′ 21″ +54° 04′ 06″ 2271
آلانه سر Ālāneh-Sar 4,050 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 18' 29.18" +50° 59' 56.86"
میشینه نو Mishineh-no 4,050 Alborz Kahar +36° 6' 27.40" +51° 3' 2.57"
برد آتش Bard-Ātash 4,050 Zagros Dena +30° 53' 57.40" +51° 30' 59.46"
نِوِل جنوبی South Nevel 4,050 Zagros Dena +30° 48' 54.30" +51° 36' 30.34"
چری Chary 4,050 Zagros Zard-Kuh +32° 17′ 33″ +50° 05′ 40.3″
سرمِشک Sar-Meshk 4,048 [14] Central Range Hazaran massif +29° 22' 32" +57° 11' 21"
نظرکوه Nazar-Kuh 4,047 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 19' 42.75" +50° 55' 20.01"
انگمار Angemār 4,044 Alborz Do-Berar ridge +35° 46' 4.67" +52° 12' 46.01"
چات سبز Chāte'-Sabz 4,040 Zagros Dena +31° 3' 57.94" +51° 19' 33.19"
خشکه در Khoske'-Dar 4,040 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 23' 11.4" +51° 03' 57.9"
دره خونی Darreh-Khooni 4,039 Alborz Do-Khaharan Massif +36° 2' 52.63" +51° 52' 39.23"
شاهان کوه [15] Shāhān-Kuh 4,038 Zagros Shahan-Kuh +32° 48' 12.8" +49° 58' 54.4"
ورزاب Varzāb 4,036 Alborz Kholeno massif +36° 2' 50.64" +51° 34' 55.68"
شاه شهیدان Shāh-Shahidan 4,030 Zagros Zard-Kuh +32° 22' 41" +50° 4' 09"
وروشت Varavasht 4,030 Alborz Central Alborz +36° 17' 12.85" +51° 21' 15.62" 860
کل پازنی Kale'-Pāzani 4,020 Zagros Dena +31° 3' 57.94" +51° 19' 33.19"
کرما Kormā 4,020 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 27' 24.39" +51° 0' 16.49" 345
کهار Kahār 4,015 Alborz Kahar +36° 7' 2.00" +51° 5' 6.00"
تپو Tapoo 4,010 Zagros Dena +30° 48' 8.84" +51° 37' 50.57"
هفت سران Haft-Sarān 4,007 Alborz Do-Khaharan massif +36° 3' 34.23" +51° 55' 45.55"
سات Sāt 4,003 Alborz Shah-Alborz +36° 17' 44.11" +50° 49' 12.46" 428
پسنده کوه [16] Pasande'-Kuh 4,000 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 24' 6.74" +51° 1' 0.52"
ماشل نو Māshel-no 4,000 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 23' 56.30" +51° 0' 41.52"
سردشت Sar-Dasht 4,000 Alborz Takht-e Suleyman +36° 21' 29.52" +50° 58' 55.07"

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved 2014-02-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Detailed Map of Central Alborz Mountains : Photos, Diagrams & Topos : SummitPost". Summitpost.org. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Iran JOG Series 1501 Index Map - Perry–Castañeda Map Collection - UT Library Online". Lib.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Iran Mountain Ultra-Prominence – peaklist.org". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Google Fusion Tables". Fusiontables.google.com. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ ايران, عصر. "ارتفاع واقعي قله دماوند". Asriran.com. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ a b "There are four summits in Khersan ridge named from north to south as North Khersan, Middle Khersan, Viraneh-Kuh and South Khersan but just the first and the last is named in the list". Summitpost.org. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ Total 22 summits on Haft-Khān ridge above 4000 m
  9. ^ "Hezar". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ Kalahoo is not correct name for this mountain and is wrongly indicated in some documents!
  11. ^ a b c "Scale 1:250,000, Sirjan, Iran, Sheet NH 40-10" (JPG). Lib.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ a b "Scale 1:250,000, Amol, Iran, Sheet NJ 39-15" (JPG). Lib.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ a b "Scale 1:250,000, Kerman, Iran, Sheet NH 40-7" (JPG). Lib.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ a b "Scale 1:250,000, Bam, Iran, Sheet NH 40-11" (JPG). Lib.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-03. Retrieved 2014-03-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-03. Retrieved 2014-03-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

BibliographyEdit

  • Ali Moghim, Mountaineering in Iran, Rozaneh, 3rd edition, 2006, ISBN 964-334-060-0 (in Persian: کوهنوردی در ایران)