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Governor of Jakarta

  (Redirected from List of Governors of Jakarta)

Jakarta Special Capital Region is administratively equal to a province with special status as the capital of Indonesia. Executive head of Jakarta is a governor, instead of a mayor. The governor of Jakarta is an elected politician who, along with vice governor and 106 members of Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD), is accountable for the strategic government of Jakarta.

Governor of Jakarta
Coat of arms of Jakarta.svg
Seal of the Province
Gubernur Anies.jpg
Incumbent
Anies Baswedan

since 16 October 2017
ResidenceJalan Taman Suropati No. 7, Jakarta
Term lengthFive years
Inaugural holderSuwiryo
(as Mayor of Jakarta)
Formation1960
Websitewww.jakarta.go.id

BackgroundEdit

Governing system of Jakarta has changed throughout its history. On March 5, 1942, Japanese occupied Batavia from the Dutch control and the city was named Jakarta (Jakarta Special City (ジャカルタ特別市, Jakaruta tokubetsu-shi), in accordance with the special status that was assigned to the city). After the collapse of Japan, Indonesian nationalists who declared independence on August 17, 1945, [1] the government of Jakarta City was changed from the Japanese into the Jakarta National Administration in September,1945. After the war, the Dutch name Batavia was internationally recognized until full Indonesian independence was achieved on December 27, 1949 and Jakarta was officially proclaimed the national capital of Indonesia. Based on the Act No. 5 of 1974 relating to the Fundamentals of Regional Government, Jakarta was confirmed as the capital of Indonesia and one of Indonesia's 26 provinces in 1974 at that time.[2]

ElectionsEdit

This first government was held by a mayor until the end of 1960, when the office was changed to that of a governor. The last mayor of Jakarta was Sudiro, until he was replaced by Dr Sumarno as governor of the province. In August 2007, Jakarta held its first ever election to choose a governor, whereas previously the city's governors were elected by members of DPRD. The poll is part of a country-wide decentralisation drive, allowing for direct local elections in several areas.[3] Elections for governor and deputy governor are held for a fixed five-year term.

Most recent electionEdit

The most recent election was held in Jakarta on 15 February 2017. There were 3 contesting pairs in that election, but no one obtained 50% of the vote. As per law, a runoff election was held between the top two pairs on 19 April 2017. The official results of the election is Anies Baswedan - Sandiaga Uno won the election with 57.96% of vote defeating Basuki Tjahaja Purnama - Djarot Saiful Hidayat, who got 42.04% of the vote.[4][5][6][7]

List of governorsEdit

Below is a list of Mayors and Governors who have held office in the regional government district of Jakarta in Indonesia after Indonesian independence in 1945.

List of governors of Jakarta
No Image Name[8] Title Took office Left office Year(s) Deputy Governor(s) Nickname
1  
Suwiryo
Mayor
23 September 1945[9]
November 1947[9]
2
 
2  
Daan Jahja
Military Governor
16 December 1949[10]
17 February 1950
1
 
(1)
Suwiryo
Mayor
17 February 1950[9]
2 May 1951[9]
1
 
3
Sjamsuridjal
Mayor
29 June 1951[11]
1953
2
 
4  
Sudiro
Mayor
1953
1960
7
 
5  
Soemarno Sosroatmodjo
Governor
1960
1964
4
Henk Ngantung
 
6
Henk Ngantung
Governor
1964
1965
1
 
(5)  
Soemarno Sosroatmodjo[N. 1]
Governor
1965
1966
1
 
7
 
Ali Sadikin
Governor
28 April 1966
5 July 1977
11
RHA Wiriadinata
Bang Ali
8  
Tjokropranolo
Governor
1977
1982
5
Bang Noli
9  
Soeprapto
Governor
1982
1987
5
(1) Eddie Marzuki Nalapraya
(2) Bunyamin Ramto
 
10  
Wiyogo Atmodarminto
Governor
1987
1992
5
(1) Basofi Sudirman
(2) Herbowo
Bang Wi
11  
Soerjadi Soedirdja
Governor
1992
1997
5
(1) M. Idroes
(2) Tubagus Muhammad Rais
(3) RS Museno
 
12  
Sutiyoso
Governor
6 October 1997
7 October 2007
10
(1997–2002)
(1) Abdul Kahfi
(2) Boedihardjo Soekmadi
(3) Djailani
(4) Fauzi Alvi
Bang Yos
(2002–2007)
Fauzi Bowo
13  
Fauzi Bowo
Governor
7 October 2007
7 October 2012
5
Prijanto
Foke
14  
Joko Widodo[N. 2]
Governor
15 October 2012
16 October 2014
2
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
Jokowi
15  
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
Governor
19 November 2014
9 May 2017[N. 3]
~3[N. 4]
Djarot Saiful Hidayat
Ahok
16  
Djarot Saiful Hidayat
Governor
15 June 2017
15 October 2017
117 days[N. 5]
None
17  
Anies Baswedan
Governor
16 October 2017
present
779 days
Sandiaga Uno

Acting governorsEdit

At certain times, acting governors have replaced governors who have taken leave, for example to campaign for re-election or for other offices.[14][15]

No Image Acting governor Took office Left office Governor on leave
1
Fadjar Panjaitan
8 October 2012
15 October 2012
2
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
1 June 2014
22 July 2014
Joko Widodo
16 October 2014
19 November 2014
3
Soni Sumarsono
28 October 2016
11 February 2017
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
7 March 2017
15 April 2017
4
Djarot Saiful Hidayat[N. 6]
9 May 2017
15 June 2017
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
5
Saefullah[N. 7]
15 October 2017
16 October 2017
Djarot Saiful Hidayat

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In this second period, he also served as the Home Affairs Minister of Indonesia.
  2. ^ Resigned after being elected as the President of Indonesia.[12]
  3. ^ Dismissed after being sentenced to two years in prison for religious blasphemy.[13]
  4. ^ Including his time as Acting Governor.
  5. ^ Not including his time as Acting Governor.
  6. ^ Djarot acts as Acting Governor when Basuki was under trial for blasphemy.
  7. ^ Due to Djarot's term expiration and the inauguration of the new governor.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Waworoentoe 2013.
  2. ^ Jakarta in Figures. Statistics DKI Jakarta Provincial Office, Jakarta. 2008.
  3. ^ "Jakarta holds historic election". BBC News. BBC. 8 August 2007.
  4. ^ Joe Cochrane (19 April 2017). "Jakarta Governor Concedes Defeat in Religiously Tinged Election". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  5. ^ "Jakarta's 'Ahok' concedes heavy defeat in governor race". South China Morning Post.
  6. ^ "Indonesia has been mercifully resistant to extremism—until now". The Economist. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  7. ^ http://megapolitan.kompas.com/read/2017/04/20/21125081/hasil.final.real.count.kpu.anies-sandi.57.95.ahok-djarot.42.05.
  8. ^ Jakarta in Figures. Statistics DKI Jakarta Provincial Office, Jakarta. 2008.
  9. ^ a b c d Suryana, Dede (28 June 2012). "Raden Suwiryo, Walikota Pertama Jakarta". Okezone (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  10. ^ Militer, Indonesia Angkatan Darat Komando Daerah Militer V/Jaya Dinas Sejarah (1974). Sejarah pertumbuhan dan perkembangan Kodam V/Jaya, pengawal-penyelamat ibukota Republik Indonesia (in Indonesian). Kodam V/Jaya. p. 171.
  11. ^ Sedyawati, Edi; Rahardjo, Supratnikno; Johan, Irmawati Marwoto; Ohorella, G. A. Manilet- (1986). Sejarah Kota Jakarta 1950-1980 (in Indonesian). Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan. p. 139.
  12. ^ "Hari ini Jokowi Sudah bukan Gubernur DKI Jakarta Lagi". Suara Pembaruan (in Indonesian). Beritasatu.com. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
  13. ^ "Ahok Diberhentikan dari Jabatan Gubernur" (in Indonesian). news.metrotvnews.com. 9 May 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  14. ^ Fana FS Putra Tambun (13 June 2014). "Ahok Announces Run for Jakarta Governor in 2017 If Jokowi Becomes President". The Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  15. ^ Lenny Tristia Tambun (9 December 2015). "Sumarsono Returns as Jakarta Acting Governor While Ahok Starts Runoff Campaign". The Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 21 April 2017.