List of British monarchs

There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland on 1 May 1707. England and Scotland had been in personal union since 24 March 1603. On 1 January 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland merged, which resulted in the creation of the United Kingdom.

Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom
Royal Arms
There are two versions of the current Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom. The common version is on the left, while the Scottish version is on the right. In the shield of the common version, England is represented in the first and fourth quarters, Scotland is represented in the second quarter, and Northern Ireland is represented in the third quarter. In the shield of the Scottish version, the Royal Arms of England and the Royal Arms of Scotland are exchanged.[1]

List

Queen Anne had ruled the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Scotland, and the Kingdom of Ireland since 8 March 1702. She became monarch of the Kingdom of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland on 1 May 1707. Her total reign lasted for 12 years and 146 days. Queen Anne and King George I were second cousins as both were great-grandchildren of James I and VI. For a family tree that shows George I's relationship to Anne, see George I of Great Britain § Family tree.

Name
Reign
Duration of reign Portrait
(Coronation, when available)
Arms Birth
Date, location, parents
Marriage Death Age House Ref.
Anne
Anne Stuart
1 May 1707[a]

1 August 1714
7 years, 93 days     6 February 1665
St James's Palace
Daughter of James II and VII
and Anne Hyde
George of Denmark
St James's Palace
28 July 1683
5 children
1 August 1714
Kensington Palace
49 years, 176 days Stuart [2]
George I
George Louis
1 August 1714[b]

11 June 1727
12 years, 315 days     28 May 1660
Leineschloss
Son of Ernest Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg
and Sophia of Hanover
Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle
21 November 1682
2 children
11 June 1727
Osnabrück
67 years, 14 days Hanover [3]
George II
George Augustus
11 June 1727[c][i]

25 October 1760
33 years, 126 days     30 October 1683 O.S.
Herrenhausen Palace
Son of George I
and Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle
Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Herrenhausen Gardens
22 August 1705
8 children
25 October 1760 N.S.
Kensington Palace
76 years, 350 days [4]
George III
George William Frederick
25 October 1760[d]

29 January 1820
59 years, 97 days    
until 1801
 
1801–1816
 
from 1816
24 May 1738 O.S.
Norfolk House
Son of Prince Frederick
and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
St James's Palace
8 September 1761
15 children
29 January 1820
Windsor Castle
81 years, 239 days [5]
George IV
George Augustus Frederick
29 January 1820[e]

26 June 1830
10 years, 149 days     12 August 1762
St James's Palace
Son of George III
and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
St James's Palace
8 April 1795
1 daughter
26 June 1830
Windsor Castle
67 years, 318 days [6]
William IV
William Henry
26 June 1830[f]

20 June 1837
6 years, 360 days     21 August 1765
Buckingham Palace
Son of George III
and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
Kew Palace
13 July 1818
2 daughters
20 June 1837
Windsor Castle
71 years, 303 days [7]
Victoria
Alexandrina Victoria
20 June 1837[g]

22 January 1901
63 years, 217 days     24 May 1819
Kensington Palace
Daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
St James's Palace
10 February 1840
9 children
22 January 1901
Osborne House
81 years, 243 days [8]
Edward VII
Albert Edward
22 January 1901[h]

6 May 1910
9 years, 105 days     9 November 1841
Buckingham Palace
Son of Victoria
and Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Alexandra of Denmark
St George's Chapel
10 March 1863
6 children
6 May 1910
Buckingham Palace
68 years, 178 days Saxe-Coburg and Gotha [9]
George V
George Frederick Ernest Albert
6 May 1910[i]

20 January 1936
25 years, 260 days     3 June 1865
Marlborough House
Son of Edward VII
and Alexandra of Denmark
Mary of Teck
St James's Palace
6 July 1893
6 children
20 January 1936
Sandringham House
70 years, 231 days Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(1865–1917)
Windsor
(1917–1936)[ii]
[11]
Edward VIII
Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David
20 January 1936[j]

Abdicated 11 December 1936
327 days     23 June 1894
White Lodge
Son of George V
and Mary of Teck
Wallis Simpson
Château de Candé
3 June 1937
No children
28 May 1972
Neuilly-sur-Seine
77 years, 340 days Windsor [12]
George VI
Albert Frederick Arthur George
11 December 1936[k]

6 February 1952
15 years, 58 days     14 December 1895
Sandringham House
Son of George V
and Mary of Teck
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Westminster Abbey
26 April 1923
2 daughters
6 February 1952
Sandringham House
56 years, 54 days [13]
Elizabeth II
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
6 February 1952[l]

Present
69 years, 352 days     21 April 1926
Mayfair
Daughter of George VI
and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Philip Mountbatten
Westminster Abbey
20 November 1947
4 children
Living 95 years, 278 days [14]

Timeline

Elizabeth IIGeorge VIEdward VIIIGeorge VEdward VIIQueen VictoriaWilliam IVGeorge IVGeorge IIIGeorge II of Great BritainGeorge I of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great BritainHouse of WindsorHouse of Saxe-Coburg and GothaHouse of HanoverHouse of Stuart

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Dates of start of reign and coronation given in Old Style calendar; date of death in New Style. (Duration of reign takes this into account.)
  2. ^ King George V changed the name of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the House of Windsor on 17 July 1917.[10] This change was made in response to anti-German sentiment in the British Empire during World War I.

Coronations

References

  1. ^ "Coats of arms". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
  2. ^ "Anne (r. 1702–1714)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  3. ^ "George I (r. 1714–1727)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  4. ^ "George II (r. 1727–1760)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  5. ^ "George III (r. 1760–1820)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 20 May 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  6. ^ "King George IV (r. 1820–1830)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  7. ^ "William IV (r. 1830–1837)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 21 September 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Victoria ( r. 1837–1901)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Edward VII (r.1901–1910)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  10. ^ "No. 30186". The London Gazette. 17 July 1917. p. 7119.
  11. ^ "George V (r. 1910–1936)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Edward VIII (Jan–Dec 1936)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
  13. ^ "George VI (r.1936–1952)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  14. ^ "Her Majesty The Queen". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.

External links