List of British royal consorts

A royal consort is the spouse of a ruling king or queen. Consorts of monarchs in the United Kingdom and its predecessors have no constitutional status or power but many have had significant influence. Prince Philip was the longest-serving and oldest-ever consort. His mother-in-law, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, who died aged 101, lived longer than any other royal consort but at the time of her death she did not hold the position of queen consort, as her husband King George VI died 50 years before her. Upon the death of Prince Philip, the position is vacant and may remain so until the accession of the next monarch. Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, is expected to become the next royal consort upon the accession of Charles, Prince of Wales, as king.

Consort of the British monarch
Incumbent
Vacant

since 9 April 2021
StyleYour Majesty
Your Royal Highness
Member ofBritish royal family
ResidenceBuckingham Palace
Windsor Castle
Inaugural holderPrince George
Formation1 May 1707
First holderPrince George
Final holderPrince Philip
Prince Albert is the only male consort to be awarded the title of Prince Consort.

HistoryEdit

Since the union of England and Scotland in 1707, there have been ten consorts of the British monarch. Queens between 1727 and 1814 were also Electress of Hanover, as their husbands all held the title of Elector of Hanover. Between 1814 and 1837, queens held the title as Queen of Hanover, as their husbands were Kings of Hanover. The personal union with the United Kingdom ended in 1837 on the accession of Queen Victoria because the succession laws (Salic Law) in Hanover prevented a female inheriting the title if there was any surviving male heir (in the United Kingdom, a male took precedence over only his own sisters, until the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 which removed male primogeniture). In the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Hanover was annexed by Prussia and became the Province of Hanover.

ExceptionsEdit

Not all wives of monarchs have become consorts, as they may have died, been divorced, had their marriage declared invalid prior to their husbands' ascending the throne, or married after abdication. Such cases include:

An unusual case was that of Caroline of Brunswick, who had separated from her husband George IV prior to his accession, and although his consort in law, had no position at court and was forcibly barred from attending George IV's coronation and being crowned. This caused public outrage.

If Charles, Prince of Wales, ascends the throne, his second wife, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, will automatically take on the title and style pertaining to the queen consort unless legislation is passed to the contrary. It has been stated, however, that it is intended that she should be styled not as a queen consort, but as "princess consort"[1] although all references to "princess consort" were removed by both Buckingham Palace and Clarence House on their respective websites by the summer of 2018.[2] In 2020, however, Clarence House confirmed that plans for Camilla to adopt the style of princess consort remain unchanged.[3]

All female consorts have had the right to be and have been styled as queens consort. However, of the three British male consorts to have existed since 1707, none was considered king consort:

Since 1707, only George I and Edward VIII have been unmarried throughout their reigns.

House of StuartEdit

Picture Coat of arms Name Parents Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Resting place Spouse
    Prince George of Denmark and Norway Father, Frederick III of Denmark and Norway
Mother, Duchess Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
2 April 1653 28 July 1683 1 May 1707
Creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Not crowned 28 October 1708
Aged: 55 years, 209 days
Westminster Abbey Anne

House of HanoverEdit

Picture Coat of arms Name Parents Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Resting place Spouse
    Princess Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach Father, John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Mother, Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach
1 March 1683 22 August 1705 11 June 1727
Husband's accession
11 October 1727 20 November 1737
Aged: 54 years, 172 days
Westminster Abbey George II
    Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Father, Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow
Mother, Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen
19 May 1744 8 September 1761 22 September 1761 17 November 1818
Aged: 74 years, 126 days
St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle George III
    Princess Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Father, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Mother, Princess Augusta of Great Britain
17 May 1768 8 April 1795 29 January 1820
Husband's accession
Not crowned (see Pains and Penalties Bill 1820) 7 August 1821
Aged: 53 years, 72 days
Brunswick Cathedral George IV
    Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen Father, George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Mother, Princess Louise Eleanore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
13 August 1792 13 July 1818 26 June 1830
Husband's accession
8 September 1831 20 June 1837
Husband's death
2 December 1849
Aged: 56 years, 311 days
St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle William IV
    Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Father, Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Mother, Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
26 August 1819 10 February 1840 Not crowned 14 December 1861
Aged: 42 years, 110 days
St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle then Frogmore Mausoleum Victoria

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (then House of Windsor)Edit

Picture Coat of Arms Name Parents Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Resting place Spouse
    Princess Alexandra of Denmark Father, Christian IX of Denmark
Mother, Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel
1 December 1844 10 March 1863 22 January 1901
Husband's accession
9 August 1902 6 May 1910
Husband's death
20 November 1925
Aged: 80 years, 354 days
St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle Edward VII
    Princess Mary of Teck Father, Prince Francis, Duke of Teck
Mother, Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge
26 May 1867 6 July 1893 6 May 1910
Husband's accession
22 June 1911 20 January 1936
Husband's death
24 March 1953
Aged: 85 years, 302 days
George V
    Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Father, Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Mother, Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck
4 August 1900 26 April 1923 11 December 1936
Husband's accession
12 May 1937 6 February 1952
Husband's death
30 March 2002
Aged: 101 years, 238 days
George VI
    Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark Father, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
Mother, Princess Alice of Battenberg
10 June 1921 20 November 1947 6 February 1952
Wife's accession
Not crowned 9 April 2021
Aged: 99 years, 303 days
Elizabeth II

Lists of consorts by tenureEdit

 
Prince Philip, the husband of Queen Elizabeth II, was the longest-serving royal consort in British history.
 
Queen Charlotte, the wife of King George III, is the longest-serving queen consort in British history.
Rank Consort Tenure Duration Spouse
From To Days Years, months, days
1 Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark 6 February 1952 9 April 2021 25,265 69 years, 2 months, 3 days Elizabeth II
2 Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 8 September 1761 17 November 1818 20,888 57 years, 2 months, 9 days George III
3 Princess Mary of Teck 6 May 1910 20 January 1936 9,390 25 years, 8 months, 14 days George V
4 Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 10 February 1840 14 December 1861 7,978 21 years, 10 months, 4 days Victoria
5 Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon 11 December 1936 6 February 1952 5,535 15 years, 1 month, 26 days George VI
6 Princess Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach 11 June 1727 20 November 1737 3,815 10 years, 5 months, 9 days George II
7 Princess Alexandra of Denmark 22 January 1901 6 May 1910 3,391 9 years, 3 months, 14 days Edward VII
8 Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen 26 June 1830 20 June 1837 2,551 6 years, 11 months, 25 days William IV
9 Princess Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 29 January 1820 7 August 1821 556 1 year, 6 months, 9 days George IV
10 Prince George of Denmark and Norway 1 May 1707 28 October 1708 546 1 year, 5 months, 27 days Anne

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Clarence House press release". Clarence House. 10 February 2005. Archived from the original on 24 June 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  2. ^ Furness, Hannah (10 March 2018). "Could Camilla become Queen after all? Clarence House quietly removes statement about Duchess of Cornwall's future role". The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  3. ^ Sewell, Katie; Bacquart, Charlotte (8 April 2021). "Why Camilla will not be queen when Prince Charles becomes king". The Cornishman. Retrieved 14 April 2021.

External linksEdit