List of Agaricales families

The Agaricales are an order of fungi in the class Agaricomycetes (division Basidiomycota). It is the largest group of mushroom-forming fungi, and includes more than 400 genera and over 13,000 species.[1] Molecular phylogenetics analyses of ribosomal DNA sequences has led to advances in our understanding of the Agaricales, and substantially revised previous assessments of families and genera.[2] The following families are in the Agaricales, according to the 10th edition of the Dictionary of the Fungi (2008)[1] with more recent additions and amendments, as noted.

FamiliesEdit

Family Authority Year Type genus # genera # species Example
Agaricaceae Chevall.[3] 1826 Agaricus
L.
85 1340[4]  
Agaricus campestris
Amanitaceae R.Heim ex Pouzar[5] 1983 Amanita
Pers.
3 521[6]  
Amanita muscaria
Biannulariaceae Jülich 1981 Catathelasma
Lovejoy, 1910
3 [7] 17[7]  
Cleistocybe vernalis
Bolbitiaceae Singer[8] 1948 Bolbitius
Fr.
15[N 1] 287[9]  
Bolbitius vitellinus
Broomeiaceae Zeller[10] 1948 Broomeia
Berk.
1 2[11]
Callistosporiaceae Vizzini, Consiglio, M. Marchetti & P. Alvarado[7] 2020 Callistosporium
Singer
6[7] 34[7]  
Callistosporium luteo-olivaceum
Chromocyphellaceae Knudsen[12] 2010 Chromocyphella
De Toni & Levi (1888)
2[12] 13[13][14]
Clavariaceae Chevall.[15] 1826 Clavaria
Vaill. ex L.
7 120[16]  
Clavaria zollingeri
Cortinariaceae R.Heim ex Pouzar[5] 1983 Cortinarius
Gray
13[N 2] 2104[17]  
Cortinarius violaceus
Crassisporiaceae Vizzini, Consiglio & M. Marchetti 2019 Crassisporium
Matheny, P.-A.Moreau & Vizzini (2015))
2 4  
Crassisporium funariophilum
Cyphellaceae Lotsy[18] 1907 Cyphella
Fr.
16 31[19]  
Cyphella spp.
Entolomataceae Kotl. & Pouzar[20] 1972 Entoloma
(Fr.) P.Kumm.
3[N 3] 1071[21]  
Entoloma sinuatum
Fistulinaceae Lotsy[22] 1907 Fistulina
Bull.
3 8[23]  
Fistulina hepatica
Hemigasteraceae Gäum. & C.W.Dodge[24] 1928 Hemigaster
Juel
1 1[25]
Hydnangiaceae Gäum. & C.W.Dodge[24] 1928 Hydnangium
Wallr.
2 76[26]  
Hydnangium carneum
Hygrophoraceae Lotsy[27] 1907 Hygrophorus
Fr.
11[N 4] 325[28]  
Hygrophorus eburneus
Hymenogastraceae Vittadini[29] 1831 Hymenogaster
(Fr.) Fr.
22 1631 [[]]
Hymenogaster sublilacinus
Inocybaceae Jülich[30] 1982 Inocybe
(Fr.) Fr.
13 821[31]  
Inocybe obscura
Limnoperdaceae G.A.Escobar[32] 1976 Limnoperdon
G.A.Escobar
1 1[33]
Lyophyllaceae Jülich[34] 1982 Lyophyllum
P.Karst.
9[N 5] 157[35]  
Lyophyllum decastes
Marasmiaceae Roze ex Kühner[36] 1980 Marasmius
Fr.
54 1590[37]  
Marasmius rotula
Mycenaceae Overeem[38] 1926 Mycena
(Pers.) Roussel
11[N 6] 705[39]  
Mycena galericulata
Niaceae Jülich[40] 1981 Nia
R.T.Moore & Meyers
6 56[41]  
Merismodes fasciculata
Phelloriniaceae Ulbr.[42] 1951 Phellorinia
Berk.
2 2[43]  
Phellorinia herculeana
Physalacriaceae Corner[44] 1970 Physalacria
Peck
11 169[45]  
Rhodotus palmatus
Pleurotaceae Kühner[46] 1980 Pleurotus
(Fr.) P.Kumm.
6 94[47]  
Pleurotus ostreatus
Pluteaceae
Kotl. & Pouzar[20] 1972 Pluteus
Fr.
4 364[48]  
Pluteus cervinus
Porotheleaceae
Murrill 1916 Porotheleum
Fr.
9
Psathyrellaceae
Vilgalys & al.[49] 2001 Psathyrella
(Fr.) Quél.
12[N 7] 746[50]  
Psathyrella gracilis
Pseudoclitocybaceae Vizzini, Consiglio, P.-A. Moreau & P. Alvarado 2018 Pseudoclitocybe
(Singer) Singer (1956)
5 [51] 26  
Pseudoclitocybe cyathiformis
Pterulaceae
Corner[44] 1970 Pterula
Fr.
12 99[52]  
Pterula subulata
Schizophyllaceae Quél.[53] 1888 Schizophyllum
Fr.
2 7[54]  
Schizophyllum commune
Stephanosporaceae Oberw. & E.Horak 1979 Stephanospora
Pat. (1914)
8 35[55]
Strophariaceae Singer & A.H.Sm.[56] 1946 Stropharia
(Fr.) Quél.
18 316[57]  
Stropharia aeruginosa
Tricholomataceae R.Heim ex Pouzar[5] 1983 Tricholoma
(Fr.) Staude
78 1020[58]  
Tricholoma flavovirens
Typhulaceae Jülich[59] 1982 Typhula
(Pers.) Fr.
6 229[60]  
Macrotyphula fistulosa

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Kirk & al. give the number as 17, but only 15 actual genera are unequivocally listed as members in their entries.
  2. ^ The entry for the family in Kirk et al. (2008) gives (without listing them) 12 genera, but thirteen are listed as members in their separate entries.
  3. ^ Although the entry for the family in Kirk & al. (2008:237) gives the number as 4, the only genera placed there appears to be Entoloma and Clitopilus; this list follows Co-David et al. (Persoonia 23:147–176, 2009) in recognizing three genera.
  4. ^ Kirk et al. gives nine genera, but ten are placed in the family in their individual entries, this is amended to are add three more, while two are removed following Matheny et al. (2006), and Seitzman et al. (2011, Mycologia, 103(2):280-290).
  5. ^ Kirk et al. (2008:395) give the number as eight, but nine genera are actually listed.
  6. ^ Kirk et al. (2008:446) do not count Protomycena as a member of the family.
  7. ^ The genera of the family require redefinition (Kirk et al., 2008:565). Although Kirk et al. give their number as 12, only 10 appear to be formally placed there, 11 if the anamorphic Hormographiella is counted.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Kirk et al. (2008), p. 12.
  2. ^ Matheny PB, Curtis JM, Hofstetter V, Aime MC, Moncalvo JM, Ge ZW, Slot JC, Ammirati JF, Baroni TJ, Bougher NL, Hughes KW, Lodge DJ, Kerrigan RW, Seidl MT, Aanen DK, DeNitis M, Daniele GM, Desjardin DE, Kropp BR, Norvell LL, Parker A, Vellinga EC, Vilgalys R, Hibbett DS (2006). "Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview" (PDF). Mycologia. 98 (6): 982–95. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982. PMID 17486974. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016.
  3. ^ Chevallier (1826), p. 121.
  4. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 11.
  5. ^ a b c Pouzar Z. (1983). "Taxonomické a nomenklatorické poznámky k nĕkterým čeledím velkých hub" [Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on some families of larger fungi] (PDF abstract). Česká Mykologie (in Czech). 37 (3): 172–76.
  6. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 23.
  7. ^ a b c d e Vizzini A, Consiglio G, Marchetti M (2020). "Insights into the Tricholomatineae (Agaricales, Agaricomycetes): a new arrangement of Biannulariaceae and Callistosporium, Callistosporiaceae fam. nov., Xerophorus stat. nov., and Pleurocollybia incorporated into Callistosporium". Fungal Diversity. 101: 211–259. doi:10.1007/s13225-020-00441-x.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  8. ^ Singer R. (1942). "New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes. II". Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences. 32: 103–50.
  9. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 96.
  10. ^ Zeller SM. (1948). "Notes on certain Gasteromycetes, including two new orders". Mycologia. 40 (6): 639–68. doi:10.2307/3755316. JSTOR 3755316. PMID 18102856.
  11. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 103.
  12. ^ a b Petersen G, Knudsen H, Seberg O (2010). "Alignment, clade robustness and fungal phylogenetics — Crepidotaceae and sister families revisited". Cladistics. 26 (1): 62–71. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2009.00279.x. PMID 34875756. S2CID 84495351.
  13. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 139.
  14. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 518.
  15. ^ Chevallier (1826), p. 102.
  16. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 149.
  17. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 173.
  18. ^ Lotsy (1907), p. 695.
  19. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 187.
  20. ^ a b Kotlába F, Pouzar Z (1972). "Taxonomické a nomenklatorické k nĕkterým čeledím makromycetům" [Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on some Macromycetes] (PDF abstract). Česká Mykologie (in Czech). 26 (4): 217–22.
  21. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 237.
  22. ^ Lotsy (1907), pp. 695, 704.
  23. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 257.
  24. ^ a b Gäumann EA, Dodge CW (1928). Comparative Morphology of Fungi. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 466.
  25. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 311.
  26. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 324.
  27. ^ Lotsy, 1907, Truffe, ed. 2706.
  28. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 326.
  29. ^ Vittadini (1831)
  30. ^ Jülich (1981), p. 374.
  31. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 340.
  32. ^ Escobar GA, McCabe DE, Harpel CW (1976). "Limnoperdon, a floating gasteromycete isolated from marshes". Mycologia. 68 (4): 874–80. doi:10.2307/3758803. JSTOR 3758803.
  33. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 383.
  34. ^ Jülich (1981), p. 378.
  35. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 395.
  36. ^ Kühner (1980), p. 76.
  37. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 401.
  38. ^ Overeem, C van (1926). Icones fungorum Malayensium. Vol. 14–15. Weesp: Mykologische Museum. p. 4.
  39. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 446.
  40. ^ Jülich (1981), p. 381.
  41. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 468.
  42. ^ Ulbrich E. (1951). Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft (in German). 64: 264. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  43. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 521.
  44. ^ a b Corner (1970), p. 10.
  45. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 533.
  46. ^ Kühner (1980), p. 184.
  47. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 549.
  48. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 550.
  49. ^ Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo J-M, Johnson J, Hopple JS Jr (2001). "Coprinus Persoon and the disposition of Coprinus species sensu lato". Taxon. 50 (1): 203–41. doi:10.2307/1224525. JSTOR 1224525. (subscription required)
  50. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 565.
  51. ^ Alvarado P, Moreau PA, Dima B (2018). "Pseudoclitocybaceae fam. nov. (Agaricales, Tricholomatineae), a new arrangement at family, genus and species level". Fungal Diversity. 90: 109–133. doi:10.1007/s13225-018-0400-1.
  52. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 576.
  53. ^ Quélet (1888), p. 365.
  54. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), pp. 619–20.
  55. ^ Kirk PM. "Species Fungorum (version 18th March 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  56. ^ Singer R, Smith AH (1946). "The taxonomic position of Pholiota mutabilis and related species". Mycologia. 38 (5): 500–23. doi:10.2307/3754991. JSTOR 3754991.
  57. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 671.
  58. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 700
  59. ^ Jülich W. (1981), p. 393.
  60. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 711.

Literature citedEdit

  • Chevallier FF. (1826). Flore Générale des Environs de Paris [General Flora of the Paris Area] (in French). Vol. 1. Ferra.
  • Corner EJH. (1970). "Supplement to 'A monograph of Clavaria and allied genera'". Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia. 33: 1–299.
  • Jülich W. (1981). Higher taxa of Basidiomycetes. "Bibliotheca Mycologica", 85. ISBN 978-3-7682-1324-0.
  • Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
  • Kühner R. (1980). "Les Hyménomycètes agaricoides". Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon (in French). 49: 1–1027.
  • Lotsy JP. (1907). Vorträge über botanische Stammesgeschichte, Erster Band: Algen und Pilze [Lectures on Botanical Evolution, Volume I: algae and Fungi] (in German). Jena: G. Fischer.
  • Quélet L. (1888). Flore mycologique de la France et des pays limitrophes (in French). O.Doin.