Johannes Paulus Lotsy

Johannes Paulus Lotsy (April 11, 1867 – November 17, 1931) was a Dutch botanist, specializing in evolution and heredity. Lotsy was born in Dordrecht and died in Voorburg.

Johannes Paulus Lotsy
Johannes Paulus Lotsy.png
Johannes Paulus Lotsy
BornApril 11, 1867
DiedNovember 17, 1931 (1931-11-18) (aged 64)
NationalityDutch
Known forWorks on evolution and heredity.
Spouse(s)Catharina Christina Goossen
Scientific career
Author abbrev. (botany)Lotsy

CareerEdit

After getting his PhD from Göttingen University he had a teaching positions at Johns Hopkins University (1891-1895) where he was director of the herbarium. From 1896 to 1900 he worked in Java. Then he taught at Leiden University (1904-1909), as a lecturer in Systematic Botany. He became director of the State Herbarium (Rijksherbarium) 1906-1909, then Secretary of the Hollandsche Maatschappij van Wetenschappen.

He founded the Association internationale des Botanistes and was editor of the Botanisches Centralblatt. He proposed a system of plant classification, based on phylogenetics. Lotsy argued for a major role of hybridization in evolution.[1][2]

ExpeditionsEdit

India (1895-1900), the United States (1922), Australia and New Zealand (1925), South Africa (1926-27), and Egypt (1930). He also studied the flora of Italy and Switzerland.

PublicationsEdit

  • 1928. Voyages of exploration to judge of the bearing of hybridization upon evolution (Genetica : nederlandsch tijdschrift voor erfelijheids- en afstammingsleer). Ed. M. Nijhoff
  • 1922a. Van den Atlantischen Oceaan naar de Stille Zuidzee
  • 1922b. A popular account of evolution. The Cawthron institute, Nelson, Nueva Zelanda. Cawthron lecture. Ed. R.W. Stiles & Co. 22 pp.
  • 1915. Het Tegenwoordige Standpunt der Evolutie-leer
  • 1911. Série IIIA. Sciences exactes. 1-4. Rédigées par J. P. Lotsy
  • 1906a. Résultats scientifiques du Congrès international de botanique, Vienne, 1905. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse des Internationalen botanischen Kongresses, Wien, 1905 ... Redigiert von J. P. Lotsy ... Mit ... 1 Karte, etc
  • 1906b. Vorlesungen über Deszendenztheorien, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der botanischen Seite der Frage, gehalten an der Reichsuniversität zu Leiden, etc.
  • 1899. Rhopalocnemis Phalloides Jungh: A morphological-systematical study. Ed. E.J. Brill
  • 1898. Contributions to the life-history of the genus Gnetum. Ed. E.J. Brill
  • 1894. A contribution to the investigation of the assimilation of free atmospheric nitrogen by white and black mustard. Bulletin / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of Experiment Stations. G.P.O. 19 pp.

BooksEdit

  • 2008. Evolution By Means Of Hybridization. Reeditado Maudsley Press. 176 pp. ISBN 978-1-4097-0261-0
  • 1928. A Popular Account of Evolution
  • 1925. Evolution considered in the light of Hybridization. Ed. Canterbury College by Andrews, Baty & Co. 66 pp.
  • 1916. Evolution by Means of Hybridization. The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff, 166 pp.
  • 1907-1911. Vorträge über botanische Stammesgeschichte gehalten an der Reichsuniversität zu Leiden. Ein Lehrbuch der Pflanzensystematik. In drei Bände. Jena, Verlag von Gustav Fischer. With illustrations.

SystemEdit

Lotsy argued that the monocotyledons were diphyletic, with the Spadiciflorae being derived from the dicotyledons (specifically Piperales) and the remainder from a hypothetical ancestor, the Proranales. Hutchinson, who argued for a monophyletic origin, considered this improbable.[3]

SynopsisEdit

Vorträge über botanische Stammesgeschichte[4][3]


ReferencesEdit

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

Note: This is a selected list of the more influential systems. There are many other systems, for instance a review of earlier systems, published by Lindley in his 1853 edition, and Dahlgren (1982). Examples include the works of Scopoli, Batsch and Grisebach.