Lionhead cichlid

The lionhead cichlid (Steatocranus casuarius), also known as African blockhead, buffalohead,[2] humphead cichlid, lionhead or lumphead is a species of rheophilic[3] cichlid native to Pool Malebo and the Congo River.[4] It uses caves for spawning.[1] This species can reach a length of 10 centimetres (3.9 in) TL.[4] This species can also be found in the aquarium trade.[4]

Lionhead cichlid
Steatocranus casuarius.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cichliformes
Family: Cichlidae
Genus: Steatocranus
S. casuarius
Binomial name
Steatocranus casuarius
Poll, 1939


  1. ^ a b Moelants, T. (2010). "Steatocranus casuarius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T182754A7960255. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T182754A7960255.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ African Blockhead, Buffalohead, Lionhead, Lumphead Steatocranus casuarius -
  3. ^ Steatocranus casuarius by Richard O'Brien -
  4. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2013). "Steatocranus casuarius" in FishBase. April 2013 version.