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The "Like" button used for Facebook.

A like button, like option, or recommend button is a feature in communication software such as social networking services, Internet forums, news websites and blogs where the user can express that they like, enjoy or support certain content.[1] Internet services that feature like buttons usually display the number of users who liked each content, and may show a full or partial list of them. This is a quantitative alternative to other methods of expressing reaction to content, like writing a reply text. Some websites also include a dislike button, so the user can either vote in favour, against or neutrally. Other websites include more complex Web content voting systems, for example five stars or reaction buttons to show a wider range of emotion to the content.

Contents

ImplementationsEdit

VimeoEdit

The first like button was created in 2005 at Vimeo, with a team comprising Andrew Pile, Jake Lodwick, Kunal Shah, and Zach Klein. It was meant to be a more casual alternative to "favorites", and was heavily inspired by "diggs" from the site Digg.com.

FriendFeedEdit

The like button was first announced as a FriendFeed feature on October 30, 2007 and was popularized within that community.[2] Later the feature was integrated into Facebook before FriendFeed was acquired by Facebook August 10, 2009.[3]

FacebookEdit

The Facebook like button is designed as a hand giving "thumbs up". It was originally discussed to have been a star or a plus sign, and during development the feature was referred to as "awesome" instead of "like".[4] It was introduced on 9 February 2009.[5] During May 2016, Facebook introduced reactions - a new way to express peoples emotions to Facebook posts. Some reactions included "Love", "Haha", "Wow", "Sad", or "Angry".

YouTubeEdit

In 2010, as part of a wider redesign of the service, YouTube switched from a star-based rating system to Like/Dislike buttons. Under the previous system, users could rate videos on a scale from 1 to 5 stars; YouTube staff argued that this change reflected common usage of the system, as 2-, 3-, and 4-star ratings were not used as often.[6][7]

In 2012, YouTube briefly experimented with replacing the Like and Dislike buttons with a Google+ +1 button.[8]

In 2019, after the backlash from YouTube Rewind 2018, YouTube is now considering options to combat "dislike mobs," including an option to completely remove the dislike button.[9] The video is the most disliked video on YouTube, passing Justin Bieber's "Baby".

In contrast to the display of the views, the display of the number of likes and dislikes on a YouTube video is normally not “frozen”, though rarely it can be frozen for unknown reasons.

GoogleEdit

 
+1, the "Like" button of Google+ (old version)

Google has a like button called the +1 (Internet jargon for "I like that" or "I agree"), which was introduced in June 2011.[10] In August 2011, the +1 button also became a share icon.[11]

RedditEdit

On Reddit (a system of message boards), users can upvote and downvote posts (and comments on posts). The votes contribute to posters' and commenters' "karma" (Reddit's name for a user's overall rating).[12][13]

TwitterEdit

Alongside "retweets", Twitter users could "favorite" posts made on the service, indicated by a gold star symbol ( ). In November 2015, to alleviate user confusion and put the function more in line with other social networks, the "favorite" function was renamed "like", and its button was changed from a star symbol to a heart ( ).[14]

VKEdit

VK like buttons for posts, comments, media and external sites operate in a different way from Facebook. Liked content doesn't get automatically pushed to the user's wall, but is saved in the (private) Favorites section instead.

Legal issuesEdit

In 2017, a man was fined 4,000 Swiss francs by a Swiss regional court for liking defamatory messages on Facebook written by other people which criticized an activist. According to the court, the defendant "clearly endorsed the unseemly content and made it his own".[15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dedić, N. and Stanier, C. (2017) “Towards Differentiating Business Intelligence, Big Data, Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery“. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing (LNBIP). Springer International Publishing. Volume 285.
  2. ^ Taylor, Bret (2007-10-30). "I like it, I like it". FriendFeed Blog. Retrieved 2014-10-21.
  3. ^ Kincaid, Jason (2009-08-10). "Facebook Acquires FriendFeed (Updated)". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2014-10-21.
  4. ^ Andrew Bosworth. "What's the history of the Awesome Button (that eventually became the Like button) on Facebook?". Quora. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  5. ^ Kincaid, Jason (2009-02-09). "Facebook Activates "Like" Button; FriendFeed Tires Of Sincere Flattery". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
  6. ^ Lowensohn, Josh (31 March 2010). "YouTube's big redesign goes live to everyone". CNET. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  7. ^ Siegler, M.G. (22 September 2009). "YouTube Comes To A 5-Star Realization: Its Ratings Are Useless". TechCrunch. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  8. ^ "Google+ replacing ability to dislike a YouTube video?". Geek.com. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  9. ^ Best, Shivali (2019-02-05). "YouTube might remove its dislike button to combat 'dislike mobs'". mirror. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  10. ^ Siegler, M.G. (31 May 2011). "Whoops Redux: Looks Like Partner Just Leaked Google's +1 Button For Websites Launch". TechCrunch. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  11. ^ Newman, Jared (24 August 2011). "Google +1 Now Links to Google+ Profiles: Let the War on Facebook's 'Like' Button Begin". PC World. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  12. ^ "Yes, Reddit's r/The_Donald was infiltrated by anti-Clinton Russian trolls". 11 April 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  13. ^ "How to Build Reddit Karma Quickly - Online Business Realm". 12 February 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Twitter officially kills off favorites and replaces them with likes". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  15. ^ Man fined by Swiss court for 'liking' defamatory comments on Facebook - The Guardian / AFP, 20 May 2017