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Lichenostomus is a genus of honeyeaters endemic to Australia.

Lichenostomus
Yellow-tufted Honeyeater (Lichenostomus melanops).jpg
Yellow-tufted honeyeater (Lichenostomus melanops)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Meliphagidae
Genus: Lichenostomus
Cabanis, 1851

The genus formerly contained twenty species but it was split after a molecular phylogenetic analysis published in 2011 showed that the genus was polyphyletic.[1] Former members were moved to the six new genera: Nesoptilotis, Bolemoreus, Caligavis, Stomiopera, Gavicalis and Ptilotula.[1]

The genus contains two species:[2]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Yellow-tufted Honeyeater (Lichenostomus melanops) - Flickr - Lip Kee (1).jpg Lichenostomus melanops Yellow-tufted honeyeater east and southeast Australia
Lichenostomus cratitius.jpg Lichenostomus cratitius Purple-gaped honeyeater southwest and south-central Australia


The name Lichenostomus was introduced by the German ornithologist Jean Cabanis in 1851.[3] The word is derived from the Greek leikhēn meaning lichen or callous and stoma meaning mouth.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Nyári, Á.S.; Joseph, L. (2011). "Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and historical development of Australo–Papuan bird communities". Emu. 111: 202–211. doi:10.1071/mu10047.
  2. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Honeyeaters". World Bird List Version 6.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  3. ^ Cabanis, Jean Louis (1851). Museum Heineannum (Volume 1) (in German). Halbertstadt. p. 119.
  4. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 226. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.