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Caligavis is a genus of honeyeaters endemic to New Guinea and Australia. It includes former members of Lichenostomus, and was created after a molecular phylogenetic analysis published in 2011 showed that the original genus was polyphyletic.[1]

Caligavis chrysops - Lake Parramatta Reserve.jpg
Caligavis chrysops (yellow-faced honeyeater)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Meliphagidae
Genus: Caligavis
Iredale, 1956


The genus contains three species:[2]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
  C. chrysops Yellow-faced honeyeater south, east Australia
C. subfrenata Black-throated honeyeater New Guinea
C. obscura Obscure honeyeater New Guinea

The name Caligavis was first proposed by the English-born ornithologist Tom Iredale in 1956.[3][4] The word is derived from the Latin caligo meaning obscurity and avis bird.[5]


  1. ^ Nyári, Á.S.; Joseph, L. (2011). "Systematic dismantlement of Lichenostomus improves the basis for understanding relationships within the honeyeaters (Meliphagidae) and historical development of Australo–Papuan bird communities". Emu. 111: 202–211. doi:10.1071/mu10047.
  2. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Honeyeaters". World Bird List Version 6.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  3. ^ Iredale, Tom (1956). Birds of New Guinea, Volume 2. Melbourne: Georgian House. p. 150. OCLC 54363570.
  4. ^ Salomonsen, F. (1967). "Family Maliphagidae, Honeyeaters". In Paynter, R.A. Jnr. (ed.). Check-list of birds of the world (Volume 12). Cambridge, Mass.: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 366.
  5. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 84. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.