The Libytheinae are a nymphalid subfamily known as snout butterflies, containing two valid genera and about ten species: six in Libythea and four in Libytheana. The common name refers to the thick labial palps (pedipalps) that look like a "snout" in this subfamily. In older literature, this group was recognized as the family Libytheidae. They are medium-sized and typically a drab brown. The front legs are reduced in length and the ventral hindwings are cryptically colored to help them blend in with their surroundings. While at rest, the members of this subfamily keep their wings tightly closed to resemble dead leaves.
|Libytheana carinenta, American snout|
|Nettle tree (Libythea celtis), Bulgaria|
Libytheinae is a subfamily of the family Nymphalidae:
- Daniels, Jaret C. (2003). Butterflies of the Carolinas. Cambridge, MN: Adventure Publications, Inc. p. 12. ISBN 1-59193-007-3.
- The higher classification of Nymphalidae, at Nymphalidae.net
- Freitas, A. V. L., & Brown, K. S., Jr. (2004). Phylogeny of the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology 53(3):363-383.
- Kawahara, A. Y. (2003). Rediscovery of Libythea collenettei Poulton & Riley (Nymphalidae: Libytheinae) in the Marquesas, and a description of the male. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 57:81-85.
- Shields, O. (1984). A revised, annotated checklist of world Libytheidae. Journal for Research on the Lepidoptera 22: 264-266.
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