Libytheinae

The Libytheinae are a nymphalid subfamily known as snout butterflies, containing two valid genera and about ten species: six in Libythea and four in Libytheana. The common name refers to the thick labial palps (pedipalps) that look like a "snout" in this subfamily. In older literature, this group was recognized as the family Libytheidae. They are medium-sized and typically a drab brown.[1] The front legs are reduced in length and the ventral hindwings are cryptically colored to help them blend in with their surroundings.[1] While at rest, the members of this subfamily keep their wings tightly closed to resemble dead leaves.[1]

Libytheinae
American snout butterfly.jpg
Libytheana carinenta, American snout
Nettle tree (Libythea celtis) Bulgaria.jpg
Nettle tree (Libythea celtis), Bulgaria
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Libytheinae
Boisduval, 1833
Genera

ClassificationEdit

Libytheinae is a subfamily of the family Nymphalidae:[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Daniels, Jaret C. (2003). Butterflies of the Carolinas. Cambridge, MN: Adventure Publications, Inc. p. 12. ISBN 1-59193-007-3.
  2. ^ The higher classification of Nymphalidae, at Nymphalidae.net
  • Freitas, A. V. L., & Brown, K. S., Jr. (2004). Phylogeny of the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology 53(3):363-383.
  • Kawahara, A. Y. (2003). Rediscovery of Libythea collenettei Poulton & Riley (Nymphalidae: Libytheinae) in the Marquesas, and a description of the male. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 57:81-85.
  • Shields, O. (1984). A revised, annotated checklist of world Libytheidae. Journal for Research on the Lepidoptera 22: 264-266.

External linksEdit