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GNU Libtool is a computer programming tool from the GNU build system used for creating portable compiled libraries.

GNU Libtool
Libtool.jpg
Developer(s)GNU Project[1]
Initial releaseJuly 9, 1997; 22 years ago (1997-07-09)
Stable release2.4.6 (February 15, 2015; 4 years ago (2015-02-15)[2]) [±]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeLibrary
LicenseGPLv2
Websitegnu.org/s/libtool

Contents

RationaleEdit

Different operating systems handle shared libraries in different ways, and some platforms do not use shared libraries at all. It can be difficult to make a software program portable: the C compiler differs from system to system; certain library functions are missing on some systems; header files may have different names. One way to handle this is to write conditional code, with code blocks selected by means of preprocessor directives (#ifdef); but because of the wide variety of build environments this approach quickly becomes unmanageable. The GNU build system is designed to address this problem more manageably.

Libtool helps manage the creation of static and dynamic libraries on various Unix-like operating systems. Libtool accomplishes this by abstracting the library-creation process, hiding differences between various systems (e.g. Linux systems vs. Solaris).

GNU Libtool is designed to simplify the process of compiling a computer program on a new system, by "encapsulating both the platform-specific dependencies, and the user interface, in a single script".[3] When porting a program to a new system, Libtool is designed so the porter need not read low-level documentation for the shared libraries to be built, rather just run a configure script (or equivalent).[3]

UseEdit

Libtool is typically used with Autoconf and Automake, two other tools of the GNU build system. However, it is designed so as not to be dependent upon either.[4]

Clones and derivativesEdit

Since GNU Libtool was released, other open source projects have created drop-in replacements under different software licenses.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "GNU". Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  2. ^ Gary V. Vaughan (15 February 2015). "GNU Libtool - News: libtool-2.4.6 released [stable]". GNU Libtool - News. savannah.gnu.org.
  3. ^ a b Libtool Manual
  4. ^ Other-implementations
  5. ^ BSD-licensed libtool.

External linksEdit