Liamine Zéroual

Liamine Zéroual (Arabic: اليمين زروالALA-LC: al-Yamīn Zarwāl; Berber: Lyamin Ẓerwal; born 3 July 1941) is an Algerian politician who was the sixth President of Algeria from 31 January 1994 to 27 April 1999.

Liamine Zéroual
اليمين زروال
Liamine Zeroual.jpg
6th President of Algeria
In office
16 November 1995 – 27 April 1999
Acting: 30 January 1994 – 16 November 1995
Prime MinisterRedha Malek
Mokdad Sifi
Ahmed Ouyahia
Smail Hamdani
Preceded byAli Kafi
Succeeded byAbdelaziz Bouteflika
Minister of Defence
In office
10 July 1993 – 11 April 1994
Preceded byKhaled Nezzar
Succeeded byAbdelaziz Bouteflika
Personal details
Born (1941-07-03) 3 July 1941 (age 79)
Batna, Algeria
Political partyIndependent
Military service
Branch/serviceArmée de Libération Nationale (ALN)
People's National Army (PNP)
Years of serviceALN 1957-1962
PNP 1962-1989
CommandsCherchell Military Academy 1981-1982
Tamanrasset Military Region 1982-1984
Battles/warsAlgerian War


He was born in Batna and joined the National Liberation Army in 1957, at the age of 16, to fight French rule of Algeria. After independence, he received training in Cairo, Egypt, then Moscow, Soviet Union (1965-1966) and finally Paris. In 1975, he took command of a military school in Batna, then in 1981 of the Cherchell Military Academy. He was then made commander of the Tamanrasset military region in 1982, then the 3rd Military Region on the Moroccan border in 1984, then that of Constantine in 1987. He became a general in 1988, then head of ground forces in 1989.

After disagreeing with President Chadli Bendjedid about proposals for army reorganisation, he left the ANP in 1989, and briefly became ambassador to Romania. However, after Bendjedid's forced resignation in January 1992, his career prospects became more promising. In July 1993, he became Minister of Defense; in January 1994 he was promoted to head of the High Council of State. In November 1995, he was elected President, a post which he retained until the next elections. He was reputed to be politically dialoguist, supporting a partly negotiated solution to the Algerian Civil War. On December 25, 1994, Zéroual reluctantly allowed hijacked Air France Flight 8969 to leave Algerian territory after 3 civilians, including a French embassy chef, were murdered by the four hijackers.

Although some urged Zéroual to run in the 2009 presidential election, he said in a published statement on 14 January 2009 that he would not run, while also suggesting that it was not in the best interests of democracy for President Abdelaziz Bouteflika to run for a third term.[1]


National honourEdit


  1. ^ William Maclean, "Algeria ex-leader will not run for top job", Reuters (IOL), 14 January 2009.

External linksEdit

  • MEDEA: Liamine Zeroual
  • "Liamine Zéroual collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
Political offices
Preceded by
Ali Kafi
as Chairman of the High Council of State
President of Algeria
Succeeded by
Abdelaziz Bouteflika