Li Daichen

Li Daishen (Chinese: 李待琛; pinyin: Lǐ Daìshēn; 28 September 1891 – 15 November 1959) was a Chinese educator and military officer.

Li Daichen
李待琛
President of Chung Cheng Institute of Technology
In office
September 1934 – 1937
Preceded byXu Zheng
Succeeded byLiang Qiang
President of Hunan University
In office
February 1926 – July 1926
Preceded byYang Maojie
Succeeded byLei Zhuhuan
Personal details
Born(1891-09-28)September 28, 1891
Hengshan County, Hunan, Qing Empire
DiedNovember 15, 1959(1959-11-15) (aged 68)
Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China
Political partyKuomintang
Spouse(s)Gan Kui
ParentsLi Yinqiu
Alma materUniversity of Tokyo
Harvard University
Military service
Allegiance Republic of China
Branch/serviceRepublic of China Army
Years of service1927–1950
RankLieutenant General
Battles/warsWuchang Uprising
Second Sino-Japanese War
AwardsOrder of the Cloud and Banner

NamesEdit

His courtesy name was Boqin (伯芹), and his art name was Caichi (采池).

BiographyEdit

Li was born in Daqiao Town of Hengshan County, Hunan, on September 28, 1891. His father, Li Yinqiu (Chinese: 李吟秋), was a local official. In 1906, he went to study at Hongwen Academy with his father, in Japan. In 1908, he returned to China after graduation.

During the Wuchang Uprising, he was an ordnance officer at the Tongmenghui army. In the autumn of 1912, he went to study in Japan again, where he was educated at the University of Tokyo, he earned his Bachelor of Engineering in 1919, by age 29. He became the chief engineer of Guangdong Arsenal in 1920. One year later, he was appointed chief engineer of Hunan Iron Factory. He received his Doctor of Metallurgy from Harvard University in 1923. He was President of Hunan University in February 1926, and held that office until July 1926.[1][2][3] In 1927, he served as Director of the Political Department of the 40th Army of the National Revolutionary Army. At the same year, he was an engineer of Shanghai Arsenal. In 1928, he was promoted to the rank of Major General. And he was awarded Order of the Cloud and Banner in 1935, at the age of 45. In 1937, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, he was made a Lieutenant General. On August 28, 1945, he attended the Chongqing negotiation and visited the Communist leader Mao Zedong. In 1946, he was appointed the Deputy Head of the Chinese Mission to Japan, and one year later, the Chinese Representative to Japan. After the founding of the Communist state, he moved to Japan.

Li died of heart disease in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, on November 15, 1959.

WorkEdit

  • Modern Weapons (Chinese: 现代武器)
  • After the Revolution in Russia (Chinese: 革命后之俄罗斯)
  • Metallic Materials (Chinese: 金属材料)
  • Manufacture of Weapons (Chinese: 军械制造)
  • National Defense and Industry (Chinese: 国防与工业)
  • Calculation of Weapons (Chinese: 兵器计算)
  • The Structure and Theory of Weapons (Chinese: 枪炮构造及理论)
  • Yingminglu (Chinese: 嘤鸣录)
  • Basis of the Construction of National Defense (Chinese: 国防建设之基础)
  • The Present Situation of Hainan Island (Chinese: 海南岛之现状)
  • Atomic Weapons (Chinese: 原子兵器)

Personal lifeEdit

Li married Gan Kui (Chinese: 甘葵).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “湘台历史文化论坛——千年学府走进台湾”台北举行. Sina (in Chinese). 2014-09-20.
  2. ^ 千年学府走进台湾 “两岸聚才,当下为盛”. Chinanews (in Chinese). 2014-09-19.
  3. ^ 岳麓书院历史沿革. Ifeng (in Chinese). 2014-07-12.
Educational offices
Preceded by
Yang Maojie (杨茂杰)
President of Hunan University
1926–1926
Succeeded by
Lei Zhuhuan (雷铸寰)
Preceded by
Xu Zheng (许征)
President of Chung Cheng Institute of Technology
1934–1937
Succeeded by
Liang Qiang (梁强)