Let Them Eat Bingo
Let Them Eat Bingo is the debut album by British electronic project Beats International, released in spring 1990 on Go! Beat in the United Kingdom and Elektra in the United States. The project was founded and led by disc jockey and former Housemartins bassist Norman Cook, who produced the album alone and intended Beats International to be a collective of permanent and temporary members including singers and other performers. Cook is joined on the album by a host of contributors, including Lindy Layton, Billy Bragg, Double Trouble, and Captain Sensible.
|Let Them Eat Bingo|
|Studio album by|
|Beats International chronology|
|Singles from Let Them Eat Bingo|
The album is largely built around samples of other records. Although a dance record, Let Them Eat Bingo explores and fuses a vast array of styles, including hip hop, house, blues, reggae, punk rock, gospel, Latin music and African music, leading to an overall worldbeat style. Containing the UK number one single "Dub Be Good to Me" and the Top 10 hit "Won't Talk About It", the album was a success, reaching number 17 on the UK Albums Chart and receiving positive reviews from music critics who commented upon the inventive mixture of musical styles.
Background and productionEdit
After the dissolution of pop band the Housemartins in 1988, their bassist Norman Cook reverted to his original career as a disc jockey and soon became one of the most successful remixers in England, a feat which inspired Cook to form Beats International. The project was not intended to be a band but rather, according to Cook, a "collective" of singers, musicians, rappers, dancers and a graffiti artist. As a studio team, the core of Beats International included Cook on bass and other instruments, vocalists Lester Noel and Lindy Layton, keyboardist Andy Boucher and rappers MC Wildski and DJ Baptiste (The Crazy MC), although the group extended to other occasional members including Billy Bragg, Captain Sensible and the Definition of Sound. The group's touring personnel included 22 members, including a 14-piece band. Cook met Lester Noel when the latter's indie band North of Cornwallis supported the Housemartins live, although Noel's interest in black music, a taste he shared with Cook, only emerged after both bands split up.
Beats International's debut single "For Spacious Lies" was more pop-styled than the project's subsequent singles, and received critical acclaim. It included the vocals of Noel, and was followed by the production of Let Them Eat Bingo, on which it appears. Let Them Eat Bingo was produced by Cook at Esselle Studios and engineered by Simon Thornton. Cook used a sampler and turntable in the production. In addition to the Beats International core line-up, other members who appear include Bragg, Sensible, DJ Streets Ahead, Luke Cresswell, Oisin Little, Robin Watt, Sam Illunga, Jo Jo Kavund, Gilebrt Sangana, John Bourne and Double Trouble, the later of whom had appeared in Wild Style. The Goodyers provided a painting for the album's liner notes. In an interview prior to the release of Let them Eat Bingo, Cook described the album as "a little bit of everything which has inspired me over the last 10 years or so."
Let Them Eat Bingo is a dance album that explores a variety of different musical styles from across the globe, including hip hop and rap, reggae, house, funk, big band, blues, gospel, African music, Latin music, punk rock, and rock and roll, while being rooted in British rock music. Writer Greg Sandow felt the album was too eclectic to be limited under one genre, describing it as "a producer's album, full of rabbits pulled out of unexpected musical hats." The music is largely constructed out of samples of other songs and recordings. Rick Anderson of AllMusic described the album as sampling "as blatantly as possible from as many different sources as possible" and turning the samples into funky, hook-laden dance-pop songs. He highlights the inclusion of "cribbed snippets of Delta blues, what sound very much like samples of Fela Ransome-Kuti, all kinds of interesting and obscure stuff." Critic Nathaniel Wice described Let Them Eat Bingo as a worldbeat album with familiar samples which take unexpected directions and "reggae and Latin rhythms abound". In his Christgau's Record Guide, critic Robert Christgau emphasised the album's genre combinations:
"Norman Cook has gone too far--the samples in his kitchen sink are just too blatant, too eclectic. Which is to say that this is the mixing record Coldcut only talk to interviewers about. Whether he's constructing a new rock and roll subgenre from blues, Burundi, and some kind of jump band or embellishing Herman Kelly's "Dance to the Drummer's Beat" with who knows what horns and African huzzahs or revivifying pleasant little tunes you can't quite place and are sort of surprised to hear again, Cook's music is perfect for people who like more stuff than they have time to listen to."
"Burundi Beats" is a fusion between worldbeat, jazz and soul music, and incorporates African drums and Billie Holiday-style vocals. "Dub Be Good to Me" was built from an instrumental Cook B-side entitled "Invasion of the State Agents", which sampled The Clash's "The Guns of Brixton" and an Ennio Morricone snippet and incorporated record scratching and a kazoo-style sound. The instrumental, considered to be an example of proto-big beat, is mashed on "Dub Be Good to Me" with Lindy Layton's new vocals, covering the S.O.S. Band song "Just Be Good to Me", and a radio DJ sample. The resulting song is considered reggae and trip hop in style, and was described by Tom Ewing of Freaky Trigger as "the Wild Bunch/Massive Attack dub-dance Bristol sound, commercialised before it had even come close to breaking through." Music & Media described it as a fusion of house and reggae with blues harmonica.
"Before I Grow Too Old" incorporates the New Orleans-era song by Fats Domino of the same name and adds extra groove. It opens with a wonky synth line which is then contrasted with post-punk riffs and electronic sounds resembling a rubber duck, exemplifying the album's humour. "The Ragged Trousered Perussionists" is a house record that makes use of Latin flutes, while "For Spacious Lies" juxtaposes serious lyrics about grievance and the international black market, with a lighthearted vibe. "Blame It on the Bassline" is a new jack swing track which samples The Jackson 5's "Blame It on the Boogie", while "Won't Talk About It" contains Billy Bragg's R&B-style falsetto vocals and atonal guitar riff and explores styles of disco, rap music, synth-pop and rock guitar. "Dance to the Drummer's Beat" contains an Afro-Cuban funk style. The album closes with the final crash from The Beatles' "A Day in the Life" (1967).
Release and promotionEdit
In the United Kingdom, Let Them Eat Bingo was released in March 1990 by Go! Discs. Released on CD, cassette and vinyl formats, the CD edition included a bonus twelve-inch version of "For Spacious Lies". In the United States, it was released on 20 April 1990 by Elektra Records and promoted as "an inventive mix of unshakeable pop melodies, world music references, choice sampling and club floor rhythms." The album was successful worldwide, and spent 15 weeks on the UK Albums Chart, peaking at number 17. It went on to receive gold certification. The album peaked at number 63 in Australia on the ARIA chart, and spent 10 weeks in the top 100.
Ahead of the album's release, "Dub Be Good to Me" was issued as a single. In February 1990, the song reached number one on the UK Singles Chart, and it ultimately became the year's seventh biggest seller, helping to secure the album's success. It also reached number 3 on the Eurochart Hot 100, and had made the Top 3 in the Netherlands, Greece, and Austria. The single was controversial in that the sampled bassline from "The Guns of Brixton" was uncleared, leading to legal action. Writer Colin Larkin nonetheless notes: "This 'creative theft' may have diminished royalty cheques, but the interpretation of various styles and even passages of music proved a deliberate strategy in Beats International's armoury." "Won't Talk About It", which had previously been released as a Norman Cook solo single in 1989, was re-released as a single from Let Them Eat Bingo, reaching number 9 in May 1990. The final charting single, "Burundi Beats", failed to repeat the success of the previous singles, peaking at number 51 in September 1990.
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The New Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|The Village Voice||A–|
In a review for the Chicago Tribune, Robert Tanzilo hailed Let Them Eat Bingo as "one of the more refreshing dance records of late" and "a wonderful mess" with fully successful genre fusions. Greg Sandow, reviewing for Entertainment Weekly, wrote: "There's nothing wrong with pure pleasure in music, and this album provides it." He wrote that the "music just soars" and praised its blending of musical styles and "effortless melody," concluding that "Let Them Eat Bingo is good enough exactly as it is." Nathaniel Wice of Spin magazine wrote that the album's "oh-so-clever dance music is rich and varied enough to yield many listens, even straight through on auto-reverse or play," but felt that purist fans of the incorporated genres could find the album "too snide or facile to tolerate" due to its lack of overall style. Melinda Rickelman, writing for The Crisis viewed the mixture of styles more positively, praising the album's unpredictability and "fine young beats" and recommending the record to Deee-Lite fans.
New York Magazine wrote that "Let Them Eat Bingo combines hip-hop, reggae, rap, punk, and even rebel-yelling to a dance-happy effect." Women's magazine Mademoiselle hailed the album as "a journey through hip-hop, the '70s, many voices (high male, low female), distant cultures and [Cook's] record collection." In Playboy magazine, Robert Christgau called the album "the mixing record music lovers dream about--with bits of Afropop and Delta blues and disco and folk-strum and every kind of pop-funk hybrid segued together into a universal dance music that earns its billing, nothing is forbidden and everything fits." He later named it the year's 9th best album in his Pazz & Jop Dean's List ballot. Soul singer Etta James praised the album in a column on neo-soul records in Spin. She lauded the "stupid" style of "Burundi Blues" and felt the rest of the album contained experiments with "beats and stuff, and that's cool too."
Q magazine listed it among the 50 best albums of 1990. In a retrospective review, Rick Anderson of AllMusic named the record an "Album Pick" and describing it as Cook "just showing how much fun you can have with a sampler and flawless taste in beats". In his review, Glenn Kenny of Trouser Press wrote: "At its best, this is clever stuff that, beyond being enjoyable strictly on its own, provocatively recontextualizes its sources and creates an endlessly fascinating cross-cultural weave." He did nonetheless feel that the album's worst moments were "just boring and silly." In 2014, Derek Staples of Spectrum Culture felt the album had been unfairly obscured and commented that "Beats International created a cacophony of sound that resisted the impulse of dulling the individual elements. Like the rumblings of most any downtown center, this chaos turns to beauty with the support of the right conductor." He felt the album was a precedent for SBTRKT's Wonder Where We Land (2014) in that both records had "the courage to explore across the spheres of indie-pop, club music, and hip hop".
|1.||"Burundi Blues"||Norman Cook||5:07|
|2.||"Dub Be Good to Me"||3:37|
|3.||"Before I Grow Too Old"||4:05|
|4.||"The Ragged Trousered Percussionists"||4:05|
|5.||"For Spacious Lies"||4:08|
|6.||"Blame It on the Bassline"||4:52|
|7.||"Won't Talk About It"||4:36|
|8.||"Dance to the Drummer's Beat"||Herman Kelly||5:33|
|9.||"Babies Makin' Babies (Stoop Rap)"||4:00|
|10.||"The Whole World's Down on Me"||3:40|
|11.||"Tribute to King Tubby"||Cook||5:03|
|12.||"For Spacious Lies (12" Version)" (available on CD only)||Cook||5:38|
- Norman Cook – producer
- Simon Thornton – engineer
- Andrew Boucher – keyboards 
- Lindy Layton – vocals
- Billy Bragg – vocals
- Captain Sensible – vocals
- Double Trouble – vocals
- MC Wildski – vocals
- John Bourne
- Luke Cresswell
- Sam Illunga
- Charles Kilenga
- Jo Jo Kavund
- Jeff Kumwarma
- Oisin Little
- Gabi Mutumbo
- Lester Noel
- Gilbert Sangana
- DJ Streets Ahead
- Robin Watt
Charts and certificationsEdit
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- Kenny, Glenn "Beats International", Trouser Press. Retrieved 20 September 2015
- Sandow, Greg (1990) "Let Them Eat Bingo", Entertainment Weekly, 27 April 1990. Retrieved 20 September 2015
- Larkin, Colin (2000). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Nineties Music. Virgin Books. p. 37. ISBN 9780753504277.
- Staples, Derek (27 October 2014). "Revisit: Beats International: Let Them Eat Bingo". Spectrum Culture. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- Larkin, Colin (1998). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Dance Music. London: Virgin Books. p. 31. ISBN 0753502526. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "Beats International: A Family Affair (Melody Maker interview, 10 February 1990)". Rock's Backpages. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
- Let Them Eat Bingo (liner). Beats International. Go! Discs. 1990.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Tanzilo, Robert (1990) "Beats International Let Them Eat Bingo (Elektra...", Chicago Tribune, 31 May 1990. Retrieved 20 September 2015
- Rickelman, Melinda (1990) "Young, Gifted and Hot", The Crisis, June–July 1991, pp. 8-12
- Wurtzel, Elizabeth (1990) "Sounds", New York Magazine, 14 May 1990, p. 112. Retrieved 20 September 2015
- Wice, Nathaniel (1990) "Beats International Let Them Eat Bingo", Spin, July 1990, p. 80. Retrieved 20 September 2015
- Anderson, Rick "Let Them Eat Bingo Review", AllMusic. Retrieved 20 September 2015
- Christgau, Robert. "Consumer Guide, Village Voice, July 31, 1990". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- Ewing, Tom (2 December 2010). "BEATS INTERNATIONAL ft LINDY LAYTON – "Dub Be Good To Me"". Freaky Trigger. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- Ewing, Tom (20 August 1999). "97. BEATS INTERNATIONAL – "Dub Be Good To Me" (Tom Ewing's Top 100 Singles of the 1990s)". Freaky Trigger. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "Music & Media: Previews" (PDF). Music & Media. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
- Fatboy Slim: On The Politics of Sampling (Interview - 1989), retrieved 2019-12-02
- McCready, John. "Beats International are a Pop Group of Their Time (interview in The Face, November 1990)". Rock's Back Pages. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
- Strong, Martin C. (2006). The Great Rock Discography. Edinburgh: Canongate Books. pp. 233–234. ISBN 1-84195-827-1.
- "Releases". InMusic. 1 (3–10): 22. 1990. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "Pop/Rock". CD Review. 8 (7–12): 128. 1992. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "Beats International", Official Charts Company. Retrieved 20 September 2015
- Rock: The Rough Guide, Rough Guides, ISBN 978-1858284576, p. 362
- Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
- "Dub Be Good to Me", UK Singles Chart Official Charts Company (Retrieved March 28, 2008)
- "1990s Singles Chart Archive". everyHit.com. Retrieved 2014-03-30.
- "Eurochart Hot 100 Singles" (PDF). Music & Media. March 3, 1990. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- "Single top 100 over 1990" (PDF) (in Dutch). Top40. Retrieved April 12, 2010.
- "Top 3 Greece" (PDF). Music & Media. May 12, 1990. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- "Dub Be Good to Me", in various singles charts Lescharts.com (Retrieved March 28, 2008)
- Rees, Dafydd (1991). Rock Movers & Shakers. BPI Locations. p. 247. ISBN 0823076091.
- Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. p. 313. ISBN 978-0-85712-595-8.
- The New Rolling Stone Album Guide, Simon & Schuster Ltd; 4th edition, ISBN 978-0743201698, p. 55
- "Reviews". Mademoiselle: The Magazine for the Smart Young Woman. 96: 651. 1990. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- Christgau, Robert. "Playboy, May 1990". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- Christgau, Robert. "Pazz & Jop 1990: Dean's List". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- James, Etta (September 1990). "Neo-Soul Review". Spin: 20. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "Recordings of the Year". Q. January 1991.
- Whelan, Andy (2008) "On the beat - the pop star turned policeman", The Argus, 24 June 2008. Retrieved 20 September 2015
- "BEATS INTERNATIONAL - full Official Chart History - Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "Beats International Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "British album certifications – Beats International – Let Them Eat Bingo". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 20 December 2018. Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Let Them Eat Bingo in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.