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Lehre is a municipality in the district of Helmstedt, in Lower Saxony, Germany. The current population is 11,539 and is situated approximately 13 km (8.1 mi) southwest of Wolfsburg, and 12 km (7.5 mi) Braunschweig.[2]

Lehre
Coat of arms of Lehre
Coat of arms
Location of Lehre
Lehre is located in Germany
Lehre
Lehre
Lehre is located in Lower Saxony
Lehre
Lehre
Coordinates: 52°19′N 10°40′E / 52.317°N 10.667°E / 52.317; 10.667Coordinates: 52°19′N 10°40′E / 52.317°N 10.667°E / 52.317; 10.667
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictHelmstedt
Government
 • MayorKlaus Westphal
Area
 • Total71.57 km2 (27.63 sq mi)
Elevation
80 m (260 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total12,218
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
38165
Dialling codes05308, 05309
Vehicle registrationHE
Websitewww.lehre.de

The municipality received the name of Lehre on June 10, 888[3] and is made up of eight surrounding villages. They are Beienrode, Essehof, Essenrode, Flechtorf, Groß Brunsrode, Klein Brunsrode, Lehre, and Wendhausen with Lehre being the largest.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Kampstüh

In 1934, construction began on the Army Ammunition Institute in the Kampstüh Forest 2.4 km (1.5 mi) east Lehre. More than 100 buildings on 225 hectares (556 acres) were constructed and was connected to the railway system. The Institute produced ammunition for infantry weapons, anti-tank mines, tank shells, artillery guns and .38 cm. Up until February 1945, 6,000 tons of chemical weapons were transported to the Institute. It was not bombed during World War II and up until the end war, most of these weapons remained on site. In 1945, the location also housed Russian prisoners of war. On 11 April 1945, the area was liberated by the United States' 5th Armored Division and the Army Ammunition Institute was occupied without a fight. In mid 1945, the area was handed over to British troops who had a local presence until 1951. Today, many original buildings still remain standing and some are still in use.[5]

TransportationEdit

RoadEdit

Lehre is located on State Road (Landesstraße) L295 which provides access to freeways A2 and A39.

TrainEdit

Lehre rail service began when the Brunswick State Railway Company completed the Schunter Valley Railway in 1904, connecting Braunschweig with Fallersleben. This line officially ceased operation in 1998 following the opening of the Weddel loop which connected Wolfsburg and Braunschweig, bypassing Lehre.

Nearby AttractionsEdit

 
Wendhausen Windmill

Notable peopleEdit

 
Karl August von Hardenberg

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2017
  2. ^ "A I 2 Bevölkerung der Gemeinden am 30. Juni 2010". Statistische Berichte Niedersachsen. June 2010. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
  3. ^ Wilhelm Knigge. "Die Ortschaft Lehre - Kurzchronik". (in German). Retrieved 18 June 2011.
  4. ^ Gerd Melchior (16 October 2009). "Municipality of Lehre". Chain.to. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
  5. ^ "Die Heeresmunitionsanstalt Lehre". (In German) Relikte in Niedersachsen und Bremen. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Lehre — Some Memories Last Longer Than A Box Of Chocolate". MyGermanCity.com. Retrieved 16 June 2011.

External linksEdit