League of Combatants

The League of Combatants ComTE MHTE MHIH ComB MHM (Portuguese: Liga dos Combatentes), originally established as the League of Combatants of the Great War (Portuguese: Liga dos Combatentes da Grande Guerra), is a Portuguese ex-service organisation established following the First World War. A private institution with public utility status, it is answerable to the Ministry of National Defence.

League of Combatants
Liga dos Combatentes
Formation16 October 1923; 98 years ago (1923-10-16) (de facto)
29 January 1924 (1924-01-29) (de jure)
FounderJoão Jaime de Faria Affonso (1896–1966)
TypeEx-service organisation
Legal statusPublic utility status (instituição de utilidade pública)
Headquarters18, Rua João Pereira da Rosa
Misericórdia, Lisbon


The first meeting of the League of Combatants of the Great War took place on 16 October 1923,[1] at the office of the lawyer João Jaime Faria Afonso in Lisbon.[2] Faria Affonso had been lobbying for the creation of the League starting in 1919, but achieved little initial success.[1]

The League was then headed by a "veterans commission" composed of Lieutenant Colonel Francisco Xavier da Cunha Aragão, Lieutenant Colonel João Maria Ferreira do Amaral, First Lieutenant Horácio Faria Pereira and Lieutenant Joaquim de Figueiredo Ministro. The League was established due to the unjust treatment of Great War veterans, especially those who had suffered lasting injuries. The founders of the League believed that, after having had fulfilled their duty and oath to spill their blood for the homeland, the veterans had (perhaps even intentionally) been abandoned by the government then in power, causing serious damage to the patriotism, discipline and morals of the Portuguese people.[2]



  1. ^ a b Correia, Sílvia Adriana Barbosa (2011). Políticas da memória da I Guerra Mundial em Portugal 1918–1933: entre a experiência e o mito [World War I Memory Politics in Portugal, 1918–1933: from experience to myth] (Doctoral thesis). NOVA University Lisbon, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b Liga dos Combatentes da Grande Guerra.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Retrieved 25 October 2021.