Leader of the New Zealand National Party

The Leader of the National Party is the most-senior elected politician within the New Zealand National Party. Under the constitution of the party, they are required to be a member of the House of Representatives.

Leader of the National Party
Chris Luxon portrait (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Christopher Luxon

since 30 November 2021
Member ofNew Zealand House of Representatives
Term lengthNo fixed term
Inaugural holderAdam Hamilton
Formation2 November 1936
DeputyNicola Willis

The current leader of the National Party since 30 November 2021 is Christopher Luxon.

SelectionEdit

Following a general election, or when a vacancy arises, the Parliamentary Section of the National Party (the Caucus) elects a Leader of the Parliamentary Section (that is, the parliamentary leader). After receiving approval by the Board of Directors (the governing body of the Party), the Leader of the Parliamentary Section becomes the Leader of the Party.[1]

RoleEdit

The leader organises the business of the party in Parliament. He or she also outwardly represents the party to the general public. Within the party organisation, they must ensure political consensus; the constitution of the National Party states that the leader has "the right to attend any Party meeting or committee meeting and shall be an ex officio member of the Board".[1]

When the National Party is in Government the leader generally becomes the prime minister. In 1949, party leader Sidney Holland became the first prime minister from the National Party.[2]

List of leadersEdit

Of the fifteen people to officially hold the leadership, eight have served as prime minister.

Key:
  National   Labour
PM: Prime Minister
LO: Leader of the Opposition

No. Leader Portrait Electorate Term start Term end Time in office Position Prime Minister
1 Adam Hamilton
(1880–1952)
  Wallace 2 November 1936 26 November 1940 4 years, 24 days LO 1936–1940 Savage
1935–40
Fraser
1940–49
2 Sidney Holland
(1893–1961)
  Fendalton 26 November 1940 20 September 1957 16 years, 298 days LO 1940–1949
PM 1949–1957 himself
3 Keith Holyoake
(1904–1983)
  Pahiatua 20 September 1957 7 February 1972 14 years, 140 days PM 1957 himself
LO 1957–1960 Nash
PM 1960–1972 himself
4 Jack Marshall
(1912–1988)
  Karori 7 February 1972 4 July 1974 2 years, 147 days PM 1972 himself
LO 1972–1974 Kirk
1972–74
5 Robert Muldoon
(1921–1992)
  Tamaki 4 July 1974 29 November 1984 10 years, 148 days LO 1974–1975
Rowling
1974–75
PM 1975–1984 himself
LO 1984 Lange
1984–89
6 Jim McLay
(born 1945)
  Birkenhead 29 November 1984 26 March 1986 1 year, 117 days LO 1984–1986
7 Jim Bolger
(born 1935)
  King Country
(1972–96)
Taranaki-King Country
(1996–98)
26 March 1986 8 December 1997 11 years, 257 days LO 1986–1990
Palmer
1989–90
Moore
1990
PM 1990–1997 himself
8 Jenny Shipley
(born 1952)
  Rakaia 8 December 1997 8 October 2001 3 years, 304 days PM 1997–1999 herself
LO 1999–2001 Clark
9 Bill English
(born 1961)
  Clutha-Southland 8 October 2001 28 October 2003 2 years, 20 days LO 2001–2003
10 Don Brash
(born 1940)
  List MP 28 October 2003 27 November 2006 3 years, 30 days LO 2003–2006
11 John Key
(born 1961)
  Helensville 27 November 2006 12 December 2016 10 years, 15 days LO 2006–2008
PM 2008–2016 himself
(9) Bill English
(born 1961)
  List MP 12 December 2016 27 February 2018 1 year, 77 days PM 2016–2017 himself
LO 2017–2018 Ardern
12 Simon Bridges
(born 1976)
  Tauranga 27 February 2018 22 May 2020 2 years, 85 days LO 2018–2020
13 Todd Muller
(born 1968)
  Bay of Plenty 22 May 2020 14 July 2020 53 days LO 2020
Nikki Kaye[note 1]
(born 1980)
  Auckland Central 14 July 2020 <1 day Acting LO[3] 2020
14 Judith Collins
(born 1959)
  Papakura 14 July 2020 25 November 2021 1 year, 134 days LO 2020–2021
Shane Reti[note 1]
(born 1963)
  List MP 25 November 2021 30 November 2021 5 days Acting LO[4] 2021
15 Christopher Luxon
(born 1970)
  Botany 30 November 2021 Incumbent 207 days LO 2021–present

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Deputy leader who assumed the role of party leader temporarily because of the resignation or removal of the incumbent leader, serving until a following leadership election.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Constitution and Rules of the New Zealand National Party" (PDF) (26th ed.). New Zealand National Party. 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2020 – via New Zealand Electoral Commission.
  2. ^ "Sidney Holland". nzhistory.govt.nz. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Nikki Kaye to serve as acting leader of National as MPs rush to Wellington following Muller bombshell". 1 News. TVNZ. 14 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Watch: Dr Shane Reti speaks as National's new interim leader". Radio NZ. 25 November 2021. Retrieved 25 November 2021.