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Helensville (New Zealand electorate)

Helensville electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Helensville is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The electorate was first established for the 1978 election and was abolished again in 1984, and has existed again since the 2002 election. The MP for Helensville is Chris Penk of the National Party, who has held the seat since the 2017 general election.

Population centresEdit

The 1977 electoral redistribution was the most overtly political since the Representation Commission had been established through an amendment to the Representation Act in 1886, initiated by Muldoon's National Government.[1] As part of the 1976 census, a large number of people failed to fill in an electoral re-registration card, and census staff had not been given the authority to insist on the card being completed. This had little practical effect for people on the general roll, but it transferred Māori to the general roll if the card was not handed in. Together with a northward shift of New Zealand's population, this resulted in five new electorates having to be created in the upper part of the North Island.[2] The electoral redistribution was very disruptive, and 22 electorates were abolished, while 27 electorates were newly created (including Helensville) or re-established. These changes came into effect for the 1978 election.[3]

In the 1983 electoral redistribution, the Helensville electorate was abolished, and its area went to West Auckland and Rodney.[4] The electorate was re-established in time for the 2002 election in reaction to continued high population growth in and around Auckland. It was made by cutting off the northern flank of the electorate of Waitakere and adding in areas from the electorate of Rodney around its southern boundary.

Helensville covers an area of the rapidly growing northern Auckland urban fringe, drawing Helensville and Kumeu from Rodney District, moving south to take in Paremoremo, Greenhithe and Albany from North Shore City, and finally tacking west to include Whenuapai, Hobsonville and West Harbour from Waitakere City.

HistoryEdit

 
John Key's electorate office

In the 1978 election, the Helensville electorate was won by Dail Jones, who had been MP for the Waitemata electorate since the 1975 election.[5] After the Helensville electorate was abolished, Jones stood in the West Auckland electorate in the 1984 election but was defeated by the Labour Party candidate, Jack Elder.[6]

Since the Helensville electorate was re-established for the 2002 election, its only MP was the former Prime Minister, John Key, who beat sitting Waitakere MP Brian Neeson to the nomination, and in a tight year for his party, won the electorate by 1,705 votes in a split field when a disgruntled Neeson chose to stand as an independent. Helensville is partly rural, and wealthy beyond the national average, making it a safe National electorate, and Key was returned easily in 2005, 2008 and 2011 with large majorities.

In December 2016, Key announced that he was stepping down as prime minister and would retire from politics before the 2017 general election, citing pressure on his family.[7] The Helensville seat was won in the election by Chris Penk, retaining it for the National Party.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Key

 National    NZ First    Labour    ACT    Green  

Election Winner
1978 election Dail Jones
1981 election
Electorate abolished in 1984 (see West Auckland and Rodney)
2002 election John Key
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election Chris Penk

List MPsEdit

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Helensville electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2002 election Dail Jones
2008 election Darien Fenton
David Garrett1
2009 David Clendon2
2014 election Kennedy Graham

1 Garrett resigned in September 2010, and his list position was taken by Hilary Calvert
2 Clendon entered Parliament in October 2009 following the resignation of Sue Bradford

Election resultsEdit

2017 electionEdit

2017 general election: Helensville[8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Chris Penk 21,704 56.12 −9.05 21,958 55.83 −2.56
Labour Kurt Taogaga 7,096 18.35 +5.66 10,012 25.45 +12.95
Green Hayley Holt 6,758 17.47 +4.75 2,971 7.55 −6.00
NZ First Helen Peterson 2,403 6.21 2,795 7.11 −0.25
ACT Alex Evans 284 7.34 +2.97 319 0.81 +0.07
Conservative   87 0.22 −4.56
Opportunities   799 2.03
Legalise Cannabis   112 0.28 −0.17
Māori   105 0.27 −0.27
United Future   27 0.07 −0.19
Outdoors   20 0.05
Ban 1080   20 0.05 −0.09
Mana   13 0.03
People's Party   12 0.03
Internet   9 0.02
Democrats   7 0.02 −0.04
Informal votes 264 67
Total Valid votes 38,676 39,333
National hold Majority 14,608 37.77 −14.69

2014 electionEdit

2014 general election: Helensville[9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y John Key 22,720 65.17 −9.21 20,689 58.39 −7.40
Green Kennedy Graham 4,433 12.72 +5.36 4,801 13.55 +4.91
Labour Corie Haddock 4,425 12.69 −1.45 4,430 12.50 −1.85
Internet Laila Harré 1,315 3.77 +3.77
Conservative Deborah Dougherty 963 2.76 −0.07 1,692 4.78 +1.27
Independent Penny Bright 420 1.20 +1.20
ACT Phelan Pirrie 302 0.87 +0.36 262 0.74 −0.65
Independent Brendan Whyte 74 0.21 +0.21
NZ First   2,608 7.36 +2.76
Internet Mana   338 0.95 +0.78[a]
Māori   192 0.54 +0.02
Legalise Cannabis   161 0.45 −0.04
United Future   93 0.26 −0.20
Ban 1080   48 0.14 +0.14
Democrats   23 0.06 +0.04
Independent Coalition   13 0.04 +0.04
Civilian   8 0.02 +0.02
Focus   3 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 208 73
Total Valid votes 34,860 35,434
Turnout 35,507 82.29 +5.65
National hold Majority 18,287 52.46 −7.78

2011 electionEdit

2011 general election: Helensville[10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y John Key 26,011 74.38 +0.77 23,558 65.79 +2.09
Labour Jeremy Greenbrook-Held 4,945 14.14 -2.97 5,138 14.35 -4.11
Green Jeanette Elley 2,575 7.36 +1.41 3,094 8.64 +3.74
Conservative Richard Drayson 941 2.69 +2.69 1,258 3.51 +3.51
Legalise Cannabis Adrian McDermott 319 0.91 +0.91 174 0.49 +0.16
ACT Nick Kearney 180 0.51 0–1.72 499 1.39 -5.31
NZ First   1,648 4.60 +2.06
Māori   186 0.52 +0.03
United Future   163 0.46 -0.33
Mana   60 0.17 +0.17
Libertarianz   19 0.05 -0.004
Democrats   8 0.02 +0.001
Alliance   4 0.01 -0.04
Informal votes 574 198
Total Valid votes 34,971 35,809
National hold Majority 21,066 60.24 +3.74

Electorate (as at 11 November 2011): 46,983[11]

2008 electionEdit

2008 general election: Helensville[12][13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y John Key 26,771 73.61 +9.51 23,559 63.69 +8.60
Labour Darien Fenton 6,224 17.11 -9.77 6,826 18.45 -9.52
Green David Clendon 2,166 5.96 +5.79 1,814 4.90 +0.87
ACT David Garrett 811 2.23 +1.10 2,481 6.71 +4.36
United Future Angela Lovelock 309 0.85 -0.82 289 0.78 -1.69
Libertarianz Peter Osborne 89 0.24 21 0.06 +0.01
NZ First   940 2.54 -3.34
Progressive   195 0.53 -0.28
Family Party   182 0.49
Māori   182 0.49 +0.08
Bill and Ben   170 0.46
Legalise Cannabis   131 0.35 +0.16
Kiwi   105 0.28
Pacific   45 0.12
Alliance   19 0.05 +0.02
Workers Party   9 0.02
Democrats   8 0.02 ±0.00
RAM   8 0.02
RONZ   4 0.01 ±0.00
Informal votes 251 110
Total Valid votes 36,370 36,988
Turnout 37,298 82.27 -0.58
National hold Majority 20,547 56.49


2005 electionEdit

2005 general election: Helensville[13][14][15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National  Y John Key 22,008 64.10 +29.92 19,224 55.09 +29.28
Labour Judy Lawley 9,230 26.88 -0.24 9,761 27.97 -2.86
NZ First Dail Jones 1,400 4.08 -5.45 2,051 5.88 -6.06
United Future Andrea Deeth 573 1.67 -2.47 863 2.47 -5.82
ACT Stephen Langford-Tebby 389 1.13 821 2.35 -10.26
Māori Awa Hudson 359 1.05 142 0.41
Progressive Julian Aaron 318 0.93 -0.02 218 0.81 -0.08
Direct Democracy Helen Koster 58 0.17 11 0.03
Green   1,407 4.03 -1.99
Destiny   151 0.43
Legalise Cannabis   66 0.19 -0.21
Christian Heritage   48 0.14 -0.85
Libertarianz   16 0.05
Alliance   9 0.03 -1.00
Democrats   8 0.02
Family Rights   8 0.02
99 MP   5 0.01
RONZ   5 0.01
One NZ   4 0.01 -0.04
Informal votes 253 110
Total Valid votes 34,335 34,896
Turnout 35,222 82.85 +3.21
National hold Majority 12,778 37.22 +31.26

2002 electionEdit

2002 general election: Helensville[14][16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National John Key 9,775 34.18 7,524 25.81
Labour Gary Russell 8,070 28.21 8,988 30.83
Independent Brian Neeson 5,644 19.73
NZ First Dail Jones 2,725 9.53 3,481 11.94
United Future Andrea Deeth 1,184 4.14 2,416 8.29
Alliance Helen MacKinlay 581 2.03 299 1.03
Christian Heritage David Simpkin 350 1.22 288 0.99
Progressive Clare Dickson 273 0.95 272 0.93
ACT   3,676 12.61
Green   1,755 6.02
ORNZ   313 1.07
Legalise Cannabis   118 0.40
One NZ   15 0.05
Mana Māori   10 0.03
NMP   2 0.01
Informal votes 327 78
Total Valid votes 28,602 29,157
Turnout 29,428 79.64
National win new seat Majority 1,705 5.96

1981 electionEdit

1981 general election: Helensville[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Dail Jones 8,242 35.85 -4.58
Labour Jack Elder 8,026 34.91 +0.71
Social Credit David Howes 6,718 29.22
Majority 216 0.93 -5.29
Turnout 22,986 89.05 +19.21
Registered electors 25,812

1978 electionEdit

1978 general election: Helensville[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Dail Jones 7,783 40.43
Labour Jack Elder 6,584 34.20
Social Credit Chris Lynch 4,510 23.43
Values D A P Worley 370 1.92
Majority 1,199 6.22
Turnout 19,247 69.84
Registered electors 27,558

Table footnotesEdit

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 8–9, 51, 119.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 119.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 115–120.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 118–123.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 208.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 194, 208.
  7. ^ "John Key resigns as Prime Minister of New Zealand, cites family reasons for leaving". The New Zealand Herald. 5 December 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  8. ^ "Official Count Results – Helensville (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  9. ^ Electoral Commission (10 October 2014). "Official Count Results – Helensville". Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  10. ^ Helensville results, 2011
  11. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  12. ^ Election results 2008 Archived 11 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ a b "Helensville:Electoral Profile". New Zealand Parliament. 26 August 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
  14. ^ a b "Electorate Profile Helensville" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. 1 November 2005. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
  15. ^ Election result 2005[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ Election results 2002
  17. ^ a b Norton 1988, pp. 242.

ReferencesEdit

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.

External linksEdit