Lay Lady Lay

"Lay Lady Lay", sometimes rendered "Lay, Lady, Lay",[2][3] is a song written by Bob Dylan and originally released in 1969 on his Nashville Skyline album.[4] Like many of the tracks on the album, Dylan sings the song in a low croon, rather than in the high nasal singing style associated with his earlier (and eventually later) recordings.[5] The song has become a standard and has been covered by numerous bands and artists over the years, including the Byrds, Ramblin' Jack Elliott, the Everly Brothers, Melanie, the Isley Brothers, Bob Andy, Duran Duran, Magnet, Hoyt Axton, Angélique Kidjo, Ministry, Malaria!, Lorrie Morgan and Minimal Compact.[4][6][7]

"Lay Lady Lay"
Single by Bob Dylan
from the album Nashville Skyline
B-side"Peggy Day"
ReleasedJuly 1969
Format7" single
RecordedFebruary 14, 1969
StudioColumbia Studio A, Nashville, Tennessee
GenreCountry rock[1]
Songwriter(s)Bob Dylan
Producer(s)Bob Johnston
Bob Dylan singles chronology
"I Threw It All Away"
"Lay Lady Lay"
"Tonight I'll Be Staying Here with You"
Nashville Skyline track listing
12 tracks
Side one
  1. "Girl from the North Country"
  2. "Nashville Skyline Rag"
  3. "To Be Alone with You"
  4. "I Threw It All Away"
  5. "Peggy Day"
Side two
  1. "Lay Lady Lay"
  2. "One More Night"
  3. "Tell Me That It Isn't True"
  4. "Country Pie"
  5. "Tonight I'll Be Staying Here with You"
Audio sample
"Lay Lady Lay"

Bob Dylan's versionEdit

"Lay Lady Lay" was originally written for the soundtrack of the movie Midnight Cowboy, but wasn't submitted in time to be included in the finished film.[8][9] Dylan's recording was released as a single in July 1969 and quickly became one of his top U.S. hits, peaking at #7 on the Billboard Hot 100.[10] The single did even better in the United Kingdom where it reached #5 on the UK Singles Chart.[11] Like many of the tracks on Nashville Skyline, the song is sung by Dylan in a warm, relatively low sounding voice, rather than the more abrasive nasal singing style with which he had become famous.[5] Dylan attributed his "new" voice to having quit smoking before recording the album, but some unreleased bootleg recordings from the early 1960s reveal that, in fact, Dylan had used a similar singing style before.[4]

Don Everly of the Everly Brothers recounted in a 1986 Rolling Stone interview that Dylan performed parts of the song for them after a late 1960s appearance by the duo in New York, as they were "looking for songs, and he was writing "Lay Lady Lay" at the time."[12] Despite a popular story that the Everly Brothers rejected the song due to misunderstanding the lyrics as sexual in nature, Everly continued "He sang parts of it, and we weren't quite sure whether he was offering it to us or not. It was one of those awestruck moments."[12] In a 1994 interview Don Everly further explained the encounter, stating that "It really wasn't a business meeting ... It wasn't that kind of atmosphere."[13] The Everly Brothers later covered the song on their EB 84 album, 15 years after Dylan's release.

According to country musician Johnny Cash, Dylan played the song first in a circle of singer-songwriters at Cash's house outside of Nashville. Cash claimed that several other musicians also played their own new, unheard songs.[citation needed]

Drummer Kenny Buttrey has said that he had a difficult time coming up with a drum part for the song. Dylan had suggested bongos, while producer Bob Johnson said cowbells. In order to "show them how bad their ideas were", Buttrey used both instruments together. Kris Kristofferson, who was working as a janitor in the studio at the time, was enlisted to hold the bongos in one hand and the cowbell in the other. Buttrey moved the sole overhead drum mic over to these new instruments. When he switches back to the drums for the choruses the drumset sounds distant due to not being directly mic'd. The take heard on the album is the first take and is one of Buttrey's own favorite performances.[14]

"I used to listen to that one record, 'Lay Lady Lay', in my brother's bedroom in the basement of our house," recalled Madonna. "I'd lie on the bed and play that song and cry all the time. I was going through adolescence; I had hormones raging through my body. Don't ask me why I was crying – it's not a sad song. But that's the only record of his that I really listened to."[15]

Music and lyricsEdit

Bob Dylan's "Lay, Lady, Lay" chord progression features a descending chromatic line in the upper voice:     .[16][17] ( Play )
Chromatic descending 5-6 sequence (I-V-VII-IV) from which "Lay, Lady, Lay" sequence is derived,[16] through use of the parallel minor on the third chord (I-iii-VII-ii) ( Play )

Written in the key of A major, or A Mixolydian,[18] the song's chord progression features a descending chromatic line and Dylan's voice occupies a range from F#2 to D4.[19] The bass is most often based on the chromatic descent or otherwise emphasizing the modal center of A. The chief hook in "Lay Lady Lay", a song with far more hooks than is typical for Dylan, is a recurring four-note pedal steel guitar riff.[4] The song's distinctive drum part is performed by Kenny Buttrey, who regarded his contribution to the song as one of his best performances on a record.[20] Lyrically the song speaks of romantic and sexual anticipation as the singer beseeches his lover to spend the night with him.[4]

Live performances and other releasesEdit

Dylan played the song live for the first time at the Isle of Wight on August 31, 1969; a recording is included on Isle of Wight Live, part of the 4-CD deluxe edition of The Bootleg Series Vol. 10: Another Self Portrait (1969–1971). Performances of the song from 1974 and 1976 are included on the Before the Flood and Hard Rain live albums. The song has frequently been performed by Dylan since the late 1980s during his Never Ending Tour.

"Lay Lady Lay" also appears on Dylan's quintuple-platinum Greatest Hits, Volume II album, as well as on the Masterpieces, Biograph, The Best of Bob Dylan, Vol. 1, and The Essential Bob Dylan compilation albums.[4][21]

Chart historyEdit



The Byrds' versionEdit

"Lay Lady Lay"
1969 Dutch picture sleeve.
Single by The Byrds
B-side"Old Blue"
ReleasedMay 2, 1969
Format7" single
RecordedMarch 27, 1969, Columbia Studios, Hollywood, CA
April 18, 1969, Columbia Studios, Nashville, TN
Songwriter(s)Bob Dylan
Producer(s)Bob Johnston
The Byrds singles chronology
"Bad Night at the Whiskey"
"Lay Lady Lay"
"Wasn't Born to Follow"

The Byrds' recording of "Lay Lady Lay" was released as a single on May 2, 1969 and reached #132 on the Billboard chart but failed to break into the UK Singles Chart.[32][33] The song was recorded as a non-album single shortly after the release of the Byrds' seventh studio album, Dr. Byrds & Mr. Hyde.[34] The Byrds decided to cover the song after Bob Dylan played the band his newly recorded Nashville Skyline album at band leader Roger McGuinn's house.[35] The Byrds recorded "Lay Lady Lay" on March 27, 1969, but producer Bob Johnston overdubbed a female choir on to the recording on April 18, 1969 without the Byrds' consent.[36] The single was then released and it was only after it had been issued that the band became aware of the addition of the female choir.[35][36] The group were incensed, feeling that the choral overdub was incongruous and an embarrassment.[37] The Byrds were so upset at Johnston's tampering with the song behind their backs, that they never again worked with him.[35]

Despite the band's displeasure with the finished single, many critics felt that the presence of the female choir added a dramatic touch which heightened the song's emotional appeal.[35] Journalist Derek Johnson, writing in the NME, commented "The harmonic support behind the solo vocal is really outstanding, largely because the Byrds have been augmented by a girl chorus. This, plus the familiar acoustic guitars, the attractive melody and the obstructive beat, makes it one of the group's best discs in ages."[35] When "Lay Lady Lay" was released on The Byrds box set in 1990, it was presented without its choral overdub at McGuinn's insistence.[37][38] This alternate version, without the female choir, was included as a bonus track on the remastered Dr. Byrds & Mr. Hyde CD in 1997.[37] It was also included on the 2002 reissue of The Byrds Play Dylan and the 2006 box set, There Is a Season.[39][40]

Duran Duran's versionEdit

Duran Duran recorded a pop rock version of the song, appearing as track five on their 1995 covers album, Thank You.[41] Nick Rhodes has stated on the band's official website (answering an Ask Katy question in 2008 about the second single taken from Thank You) "I seem to remember my concern at that time was, in fact, our record label's - Capitol in America and EMI for the rest of the world - deciding to split their decision on their choice for the first single, "White Lines" in the US and "Perfect Day" for the rest of the world. Hence, there was no worldwide focus and both territories forced to use the other track as their second single, so it didn't really work out to be an ideal situation for anyone. I'm not sure what I would've chosen for a second single, possibly "Lay Lady Lay", but then I am still very happy with the way "Perfect Day" turned out."[42]

Ministry version Edit

"Lay Lady Lay"
Single by Ministry
from the album Filth Pig
ReleasedFebruary 1996
Format7" single, CD
Recorded1995, Chicago Trax Studios, Chicago, Illinois
GenreIndustrial metal, alternative metal
Length5:44 (album version)
5:11 (edit)
LabelWarner Bros.
Songwriter(s)Bob Dylan
Producer(s)Hypo Luxa, Hermes Pan
Ministry singles chronology
"The Fall"
"Lay Lady Lay"
Music video
“Lay Lady Lay” on YouTube

American industrial metal band Ministry covered "Lay Lady Lay" during the eighth Bridge School Benefit charity concert in October 1994, with Pearl Jam lead singer Eddie Vedder performing backing vocals.[43] Studio version of the song was recorded and released as a single from Ministry's sixth studio album, Filth Pig, in February 1996.[44] The song also appears on the band's 2008 covers album, Cover Up.[45] Initially, frontman Al Jourgensen wanted to cover Jimmy Webb song "Wichita Lineman", but had to choose another song after watching Urge Overkill performing it live.[46] During the recording, Bill Rieflin was asked to perform drums, but he rejected and quit the band shortly after,[47] with Rey Washam replacing him and thus making his debut with Ministry.[46]

The single release included two versions of "Lay Lady Lay"; one being the standard album version and the other being a shorter edited version. In the Rolling Stone magazine's review of Filth Pig, critic Jon Wiederhorn wrote that the cover "amalgamates a deep distorted bass line, clicking electronic percussion, jangling acoustic guitars, ominous curls of feedback and [Al] Jourgensen's trademark howls."[48]

CD single track listingEdit

1."Lay Lady Lay" (edit)5:11
2."Lay Lady Lay" (album version)5:44
4."Scarecrow" (live)8:18


Other coversEdit

Many other cover versions of the song have been recorded by numerous performers, including:[6]


  1. ^ Fontenot, Robert. "What is Country Rock?". ThoughtCo. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
  2. ^ "Bob Dylan Songs". The Official Bob Dylan Site. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  3. ^ The meaning of the lyric is better conveyed by the intransitive verb "lie", rather than the transitive "lay": "lay is the past tense of "lie", but the past cannot be used as an imperative.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Bob Dylan - Lay Lady Lay review and album appearances". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
  5. ^ a b "Nashville Skyline review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
  6. ^ a b "Albums Containing "Lay Lady Lay"". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
  7. ^ "Minimal Compact - Lay Lady Lay Cover". YouTube.
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  15. ^ Du Noyer, Paul (December 1994). "Music, Maestress, Please!". Q: 117.
  16. ^ a b Capuzzo, Guy. (2004). Music Theory Spectrum, Vol. 26, No. 2. University of California Press. p. 188.
  17. ^ Toft (2010), p.60.
  18. ^ Toft, Robert (2010). Hits and Misses, p.58. Bloomsbury. ISBN 9781441116857
  19. ^ "Bob Dylan". Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  20. ^ "Musicians at heart of this mission". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
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  22. ^ "Go-Set Australian charts - 18 October 1969". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  23. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". 1969-09-20. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  24. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". 1969-11-10. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  25. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Lay Lady Lay". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
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  36. ^ a b Hjort, Christopher. (2008). So You Want To Be A Rock 'n' Roll Star: The Byrds Day-By-Day (1965-1973). Jawbone Press. pp. 208–209. ISBN 1-906002-15-0.
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External linksEdit