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Laua-an, officially the Municipality of Laua-an, (Kinaray-a: Banwa kang Laua-an; Hiligaynon: Banwa sang Laua-an; Tagalog: Bayan ng Laua-an), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Antique, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 26,072 people.[3]

Laua-an
Municipality of Laua-an
Map of Antique with Laua-an highlighted
Map of Antique with Laua-an highlighted
Laua-an is located in Philippines
Laua-an
Laua-an
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°09′N 122°03′E / 11.15°N 122.05°E / 11.15; 122.05Coordinates: 11°09′N 122°03′E / 11.15°N 122.05°E / 11.15; 122.05
Country Philippines
RegionWestern Visayas (Region VI)
ProvinceAntique
DistrictLone district
FoundedJanuary 1, 1915
Barangays40 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorFrancisco G. Baladjay Jr.
 • Vice MayorJoean B. Samillano
 • CongressmanLorna Regina "Loren" B. Legarda
 • Electorate16,835 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total100.72 km2 (38.89 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total26,072
 • Density260/km2 (670/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
5705
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)36
Climate typetropical climate
Income class4th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)74.1 million  (2016)
Native languagesKinaray-a language
Tagalog
Websiteelgu.ncc.gov.ph/ecommunity/lauaan-antique/

Laua-an celebrates its Pahinis Festival every January.

HistoryEdit

The municipality of Laua-an formerly named as Nalupa Nuevo (pueblo near the mouth of the river) was already a pueblo before the Spanish–American War. Capitan Luis Sarmiento was the first Capitan del Pueblo of Laua-an. When the Filipino-American War broke out, Barbaza became an integral part of Laua-an, because its Municipal Hall was burned. The seat of government of Laua-an was then transferred to Barbaza through a resolution approved by the council under the leadership of Capitan Justiano Barrientos. Pursuant to the provisions of Act No. 1748 and as per Executive Order No. 14 of Governor General James F. Smith, the seat of the Municipal Government of Laua-an was transferred to Barbaza effective June 1, 1908. Many of the inhabitants of Poblacion and Barangay Guisijan filed a petition to the Governor-General that Laua-an be separated from Barbaza with a promise that the municipal building of Laua-an will be constructed at their own expense. Upon the recommendation of the Provincial Board and pursuant to the provision of Act. No. 1748, the 11 Municipalities of Antique was increased to 12 as established by Act. No. 961 which was amended by act No. 987. Pursuant to Executive Order No. 129 issued by Governor Francis Burton Harrison, Laua-an was declared as a Municipality on January 1, 1915.[4]

GeographyEdit

Laua-an is located at 11°09′N 122°03′E / 11.15°N 122.05°E / 11.15; 122.05. It is 56 kilometres (35 mi) from the provincial capital, San Jose de Buenavista.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 100.72 square kilometres (38.89 sq mi)[2] constituting 3.69% of the 2,729.17-square-kilometre- (1,053.74 sq mi) total area of Antique.

BarangaysEdit

Laua-an is politically subdivided into 40 barangays.[5], 12 of which are located along the coast and the rest are considered inland/upland barangays located along two big rivers of Paningayan and Cairawan. It has a total of 85 sitios, The total land area of Laua-an is approximately 18,692,456.5 hectares, representing 7.41% of the total land area of the Province of Antique. Of the total land area 7,832,222.9 has. Or 42% is alienable and disposable land and 10,860,2336 has. Or 58% is classified as timber land. Total Population of Laua-an in 2009 as per survey conducted by the Municipal Social Work and Development Office (MSWDO), reached to 26,959 in which 13,468 are males and 13,491 are females with total households of 5,392.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[6]
060609043 Bagongbayan 2.7% 706 659 1.32%
060609002 Banban 0.6% 147 129 2.52%
060609003 Bongbongan 1.0% 250 265 −1.10%
060609004 Cabariwan 2.5% 660 620 1.20%
060609005 Cadajug 4.4% 1,153 1,110 0.73%
060609006 Canituan 2.2% 568 572 −0.13%
060609007 Capnayan 1.4% 365 319 2.60%
060609008 Casit-an 4.6% 1,200 1,157 0.70%
060609010 Guiamon 1.0% 249 239 0.78%
060609009 Guinbanga-an 7.2% 1,879 1,864 0.15%
060609011 Guisijan 9.2% 2,404 2,382 0.18%
060609012 Igtadiao 1.1% 294 262 2.22%
060609013 Intao 2.5% 660 672 −0.34%
060609014 Jaguikican 3.4% 874 896 −0.47%
060609015 Jinalinan 0.8% 202 220 −1.61%
060609016 Lactudan 0.9% 247 274 −1.96%
060609017 Latazon 1.8% 476 494 −0.70%
060609018 Laua-an 1.5% 379 349 1.58%
060609020 Liberato 1.6% 411 463 −2.24%
060609021 Lindero 6.3% 1,649 1,560 1.06%
060609022 Liya-liya 1.6% 422 395 1.27%
060609019 Loon 2.8% 743 735 0.21%
060609023 Lugta 2.8% 719 576 4.31%
060609024 Lupa-an 2.1% 559 557 0.07%
060609025 Magyapo 1.0% 257 242 1.15%
060609026 Maria 5.0% 1,311 1,364 −0.75%
060609027 Mauno 2.0% 524 457 2.64%
060609028 Maybunga 2.0% 525 343 8.44%
060609029 Necesito (Paniatan) 1.2% 307 339 −1.87%
060609030 Oloc 4.5% 1,168 994 3.12%
060609031 Omlot 1.0% 260 233 2.11%
060609032 Pandanan 1.4% 359 346 0.70%
060609034 Paningayan 1.5% 384 360 1.24%
060609035 Pascuala 0.7% 194 202 −0.77%
060609036 Poblacion (Centro) 7.6% 1,975 1,933 0.41%
060609038 San Ramon 0.6% 167 139 3.56%
060609039 Santiago 2.6% 670 622 1.43%
060609040 Tibacan 0.7% 177 230 −4.86%
060609041 Tigunhao 1.3% 343 375 −1.68%
060609042 Virginia 0.9% 235 263 −2.12%
Total 26,072 25,211 0.64%

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 8,915—    
1918 10,340+0.99%
1939 12,614+0.95%
1948 15,438+2.27%
1960 12,967−1.44%
1970 15,461+1.77%
1975 17,498+2.51%
1980 18,785+1.43%
1990 19,865+0.56%
1995 21,069+1.11%
2000 23,258+2.14%
2007 23,808+0.32%
2010 25,211+2.11%
2015 26,072+0.64%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, Laua-an had a population of 26,072.[3] The population density was 260 inhabitants per square kilometre (670/sq mi).


EconomyEdit

 
Muscovado brown sugarcane sugar

Laua-an has an agricultural-based economy with rice, sugarcane and corn as primary crops. About 4,267,264 has. are devoted to agricultural crop production representing 22.83% of the total land area of the municipality. Laua-an produce Rice, Corn, Vegetables, Peanuts, Mango, Banana, Abaca and other crops. It has 42 Day Care Centers, 12 Complete Elementary Schools and 4 Secondary Schools. In Health services, it has 1 Rural Health Center, 8 Brgy. Health Stations and 13 Health & Nutrition Posts. Laua-an has a total of 76.065 km. of Barangay roads; 2.160 km. of municipal roads; 2.450 km. of provincial roads and 11.125 km. of National Roads. A mini-hydro project is being constructed at Brguy. San Ramon by Sun West Water and Electric Company and at Sitio Sadsadan, Brgy. Maybunga and Villa Siga Bugasong. Four cell sites (Globe, Sun and Smart) were installed at Brgy. Poblacion, Bagongbayan and Liya-Liya rerspectively. It is observed that even upland barangays have signal which contributed to the improvement of information technology in the area.

Farming is the major occupation of the people and fishing is the secondary source of income. The deep sea waters of Sulu Sea is abundant with fish and marine life like sardines, tuna, squids, mackerel, crabs and other seafoods which is a source of living for most residents.

TourismEdit

Among the tourist attractions are Mount Igmatongtong in barangay Capnayan, Maybunga Water falls in barangay Maybunga, and Estaka Hill in barangay Poblacion. Estaca Hill in the Poblacion provides a strategic place to view the barangay Poblacion, the Sulu Sea and its environs.

FestivalsEdit

 
Cut sugarcane

Pre-Catholic pre-Spanish Indianized Srivijaya-era Pahinis Festival similar to Makar Sankranti, is celebrated annually to feature the muscovado sugar industry of the town, the technology of which dates back to the Spanish era. "Pahinis" means to clean and prepare the tools for sugarcane milling which corresponds to a celebration to thank God for a fine harvest of sugarcane.

The town celebrates its centennial foundation in January 2015. Weeklong celebration features Pahinis Festival Mardi Gras; LGU, professionals, senior citizens and barangay night; Bugal Kang Laua-an (Pride of Laua-an) Awards Night; and Search for Hara de Pahinis (Pahinis Queen) Beauty Pageant and Coronation Night. The winner of this pageant represents the municipality during the Search for Lin-ay kang Antique (Miss Antique) during the Binirayan Festival in the capital town of San Jose de Buenavista every last week of December. Other events include boat racing along the Sulu Sea, and Aring Beach Festival at the last night of the celebration in Barangay Cadajug.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Antique". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ http://lauaanantiquephilippines.blogspot.com/2016/09/history.html
  5. ^ "Municipal: Laua-an". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  6. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Antique". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.