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The Landtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-West Pomerania) is the state diet of the German federal state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania). It convenes in Schwerin and currently consists of 71 members of four parties.

Landtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Coat of arms or logo
Sylvia Bretschneider (1960−2019), SPD
since 2002
Landtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2016.svg
Political groups
Government (42)
  •      SPD (26)
  •      CDU (16)

Opposition (29)

Last election
4 September 2016
Meeting place
Schwerin Palace, Chamber of the Landtag

The current majority is a coalition of the Social Democratic Party and the Christian Democratic Union, supporting the cabinet of Minister-President Manuela Schwesig. The main functions of the Landtag are the election of the Minister-President, the passage of laws controlling the state government.


The Schwerin Palace in the state capital, where the Landtag meets.

Elections are conducted using a system similar to the one used every Bundestag election. There are two votes, first for a candidate in the single-member district and the second for a party. 36 seats are distributed by first past the post system in districts and remaining 35 seats are distributed using Hare-Niemeyer method based on the result of the second voting.

Furthermore, every seat received in the first voting means one seat less in the second one. The second voting is conducted using a proportional representation system, with an electoral threshold of 5%. The last election was held in 2016. Recent elections were held in 2011, 2006 and 2002.

Current compositionEdit

After the election of 4 September 2016 the composition of the Landtag was as follows:

Party Seats
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 26
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 18
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 16
The Left (Die Linke) 11

Presidents of the LandtagEdit

Name Period Party
Carl Moltmann 1946–1952 SED
Rainer Prachtl 1990–1998 CDU
Hinrich Kuessner 1998–2002 SPD
Sylvia Bretschneider 2002–2019 SPD
Birgit Hesse 2019- SPD

The current Vice Presidents are Beate Schlupp (CDU) and Mignon Schwenke (The Left).

External linksEdit