The Landesliga Bayern sits at step 6 of the German football league system and is the third highest level in the Bavarian football league system, below the Bayernliga and organised in five regional divisions. The current Landesligas were formed in 1963, when the Bundesliga was established. From 2012, when the Regionalliga Bayern was established, the Landesligas were expanded from three to five divisions.
|Founded||1945 (as a Level 2 league)1963 (as a Level 3 league)|
|Number of teams||90|
|Level on pyramid||Level 6|
|Current champions||TBD |
Previous to that, from 1945 to 1950, the Landesliga Bayern existed as a tier-two league below the Oberliga Süd.
Landesliga Bayern 1945 to 1950Edit
From 1945 to 1950, the Bayernliga was called Landesliga Bayern. It was then the second tier of Southern German Football.
The league was established after the Second World War, consisting of nine clubs, with the league winner promoted to the Oberliga Süd. After its first season, 1945–46, it expanded to two divisions, north and south, with eleven clubs each. At the end of season, the two league champions played for the Bavarian title and Oberliga promotion. In 1947–48, each division had 13 clubs.
In its last two seasons, 1948–49 and 1949–50, the league returned to a single division format. In 1948–49, it consisted of 16 clubs with the top two teams earning promotion. In 1949–50, 14 clubs were in the league and the best five teams earned entry to the newly formed 2. Oberliga Süd, which became the second tier in Southern Germany. The remaining nine clubs plus seven promoted teams formed the new Amateurliga Bayern, now the third tier.
Alongside the Landesliga Bayern, four other regional Landesligas existed as the second tier below the Oberliga Süd, these being:
Landesligas from 1963 to 2012Edit
After the interception of the three Landesligas in 1963 the winners of the leagues were automatically promoted to the Bayernliga. The runners-up faced a relegation play-off with the team of the Bayernliga that is placed just above the relegation zone, usually the 15th placed team unless the league held more or less than the desired number of 18 teams, for a final promotion spot. Since the start of the promotion play-offs in 1981, Landesliga Süd had won the extra spot 17 times, Landesliga Mitte 8 times and Landesliga Nord only 5 times. In 1985, 1994, 1996 and 2003 additional spots were available on top of the usual four.
The German word Landesliga can be pretty literally translated as State League.
The three Landesligas cover the following areas:
- Landesliga Bayern-Süd: Bavarian Swabia and Upper Bavaria
- Landesliga Bayern-Mitte: Upper Palatinate, Middle Franconia and Lower Bavaria
- Landesliga Bayern-Nord: Lower Franconia and Upper Franconia
From 1988 to 2012 the seven Bezirksoberligas were set below the Landesligas, covering the above-mentioned seven Bezirke. The winners of those gained promotion, the runners-up faced a promotion play-off for a number of promotion spot which vary from season to season. Previous to that, the Bezirksligas were set below the Landesligas, with the slight fluctuations in the number of leagues.
Only four teams in Bavaria have never dropped down to Landesliga level, these being FC Bayern Munich, TSV 1860 Munich, 1. FC Nürnberg and FC Augsburg, with the SpVgg Fürth, now SpVgg Greuther Fürth, being by far the most prominent club to have played in any of the three Landesligas, having three German championships to their name (1914, 1926, 1929).
Since 1980, the reserve teams of Landesliga clubs are permitted to enter the league system. Previous to that, they had to compete in separate reserve leagues, with only teams in the Bayernliga and above being permitted to enter their reserve teams in league football.
Landesligas since 2012Edit
The Bavarian football federation decided on drastic changes to the league system from 2012 onwards. With the introduction of the Regionalliga Bayern from 2012 to 2013, it placed two Bayernligas, north and south, below the new league as the new fifth tier of the German league system. Below those, five Landesligas instead of the existing three were set, which would be geographically divided to limit travel and increase the number of local derbies.
The five new leagues were:
- Landesliga Bayern-Nordost
- Landesliga Bayern-Nordwest
- Landesliga Bayern-Mitte
- Landesliga Bayern-Südost
- Landesliga Bayern-Südwest
The clubs in these leagues were made up from Landesliga clubs who failed to qualify for the Bayernliga, a set number of Bezirksoberliga clubs and, through a promotion round, the Bezirksliga champions.
Landesliga Bayern: 1945 to 1950Edit
|1945–46||1. FC Bamberg||Jahn Regensburg|
|1946–47||FC Wacker München||FC Bayern Hof|
|1947–48||BC Augsburg||1. FC Bamberg|
|1948–49||Jahn Regensburg||SpVgg Fürth|
|1949–50||1. FC Bamberg||FC Bayern Hof|
Landesligas from 1963 to 2012Edit
|Season||Landesliga Süd||Landesliga Mitte||Landesliga Nord|
|1963–64||TSG Augsburg||SpVgg Weiden||FV Würzburg 04|
|1964–65||SpVgg Kaufbeuren||1. FC Nürnberg II||FC Bayreuth|
|1965–66||MTV Ingolstadt||SSV Jahn Regensburg||SpVgg Hof|
|1966–67||FC Bayern Munich II||ESV Nürnberg-West||VfB Coburg|
|1967–68||SpVgg Kaufbeuren||FC Passau||FC Münchberg|
|1968–69||MTV Ingolstadt||SpVgg Vohenstrauss||FC Bayreuth|
|1969–70||FC Memmingen||FC Herzogenaurach||FV Würzburg 04|
|1970–71||SC Fürstenfeldbruck||ASV Neumarkt||FC Kronach|
|1971–72||BSC Sendling||ASV Herzogenaurach||FC Bayreuth|
|1972–73||FC Bayern Munich II||TSV Roth||VfB Coburg|
|1973–74||SpVgg Kaufbeuren||ASV Neumarkt||ATS Kulmbach|
|1974–75||VfR Neuburg||FC Amberg||1. FC Bamberg|
|1975–76||TSV 1860 Rosenheim||SpVgg Plattling||1. FC Haßfurt|
|1976–77||MTV Ingolstadt||FC Herzogenaurach||TSV Trebgast|
|1977–78||SB/DJK Rosenheim||FC Vilshofen||TSV Hirschaid|
|1978–79||TSV Ampfing||FC Herzogenaurach||VfB Helmbrechts|
|1979–80||SC Fürstenfeldbruck||1. FC Nürnberg II||VfL Frohnlach|
|1980–81||SpVgg Unterhaching||FC Vilshofen||1. FC Bamberg|
|1981–82||FC Wacker München||TSV Straubing||VfB Coburg|
|1982–83||TSV Eching||SSV Jahn Regensburg||FC Bayern Hof|
|1983–84||ESV Ingolstadt||1. FC Nürnberg II||1. FC Schweinfurt 05|
|1984–85||SC Fürstenfeldbruck||SpVgg Weiden||SV Heidingsfeld|
|1985–86||TSV Großhadern||FC Amberg||FC Schweinfurt 05|
|1986–87||FC Wacker München||TSV Vestenbergsgreuth||FC Kronach|
|1987–88||SV Türk Gücü München||SpVgg Weiden||FC Bayern Hof|
|1988–89||SpVgg Starnberg||SpVgg Plattling||VfB Helmbrechts|
|1989–90||TSV Eching||SSV Jahn Regensburg||Kickers Würzburg|
|1990–91||TSV Schwaben Augsburg||SpVgg Fürth||SC 08 Bamberg|
|1991–92||SpVgg Starnberg||FC Passau||VfL Frohnlach|
|1992–93||Wacker Burghausen||SpVgg Plattling||VfB Helmbrechts|
|1993–94||SV Türk Gücü München||Jahn Forchheim||FC Bayern Hof|
|1994–95||TSV 1860 Rosenheim||SG Quelle Fürth||SC Weismain|
|1995–96||TSV 1860 Munich II||SG Post/Süd Regensburg||SpVgg Stegaurach|
|1996–97||TSV 1860 Rosenheim||1. SC Feucht||Kickers Würzburg|
|1997–98||TSV Schwaben Augsburg||SC 04 Schwabach||SpVgg Bayreuth|
|1998–99||FC Kempten||SSV Jahn Regensburg||FV Würzburg 04|
|1999–2000||FC Ismaning||ASV Neumarkt||1. FC Sand|
|2000–01||Falke Markt Schwaben||SpVgg Greuther Fürth II||SpVgg Bayreuth|
|2001–02||SC Fürstenfeldbruck||SG Post/Süd Regensburg||TSV Gerbrunn|
|2002–03||FC Memmingen||SpVgg Landshut||FV Würzburg 04|
|2003–04||MTV Ingolstadt||1. FC Bad Kötzting||VfL Frohnlach|
|2004–05||Wacker Burghausen II||SG Quelle Fürth||FV Würzburg 04|
|2005–06||SV Heimstetten||SpVgg Weiden||SpVgg Bayern Hof|
|2006–07||FC Kempten||SpVgg Ansbach||FC Schweinfurt 05|
|2007–08||TSV Buchbach||FSV Erlangen-Bruck||VfL Frohnlach|
|2008–09||TSV 1860 Rosenheim||SV Schalding-Heining||SV Memmelsdorf|
|2009–10||SV Heimstetten||Freier TuS Regensburg||Würzburger FV|
|2010–11||SB/DJK Rosenheim||SC Eltersdorf||VfL Frohnlach|
|2011–12||Wacker Burghausen II||SpVgg Landshut||Kickers Würzburg|
Five divisions: since 2012Edit
|Season||Landesliga Nordost||Landesliga Nordwest||Landesliga Mitte||Landesliga Südost||Landesliga Südwest|
|2012–13||SpVgg SV Weiden||SV Erlenbach||TSV Bogen||SV Pullach||FC Pipinsried|
|2013–14||TSV Neudrossenfeld||SpVgg Ansbach||1. FC Bad Kötzting||TSV Dachau||TSV Landsberg|
|2014–15||1. SC Feucht||DJK Don Bosco Bamberg||SpVgg Ruhmannsfelden||SV Kirchanschöring||TSV Kottern|
|2015–16||ASV Neumarkt||SpVgg Ansbach||DJK Ammerthal||FC Ismaning||FC Gundelfingen|
|2016–17||TSV Kornburg||1. FC Schweinfurt 05 II||DJK Gebenbach||TuS Holzkirchen||TSV Schwaben Augsburg|
|2017–18||ATSV Erlangen||TSV Abtswind||SSV Jahn Regensburg II||Türkgücü-Ataspor Munich||TSV 1861 Nördlingen|
|2018–19||FC Eintracht Bamberg||TSV Karlburg||SV Donaustauf||TSV 1880 Wasserburg||TSV Landsberg|
|2019–20||No champions. Season suspended because of COVID-19 pandemic in Germany and later extended to 2021|
Source:"The Bavarian Landesligas" (in German). Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Süddeutschlands Fußballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (in German). p. 142. Retrieved 17 April 2009
- Süddeutschlands Fußballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (in German). p. 148. Retrieved 17 April 2009
- Süddeutschlands Fußballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (in German). p. 157. Retrieved 17 April 2009
- 50 Jahre Bayerischer Fußball-Verband, p. 28
- Attraktive Gegner, regionale Einteilung, weniger Fahrtkosten Archived 10 August 2012 at WebCite (in German) BFV website, published: 12 February 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2011
- Auf- und Abstiegsregelung der Bayernliga und der Landesligen für das Qualifikationsspieljahr 2011/2012 Archived 5 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in German) Bavarian FA website - Regulations for promotion and relegation in 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2011
- Die Bayernliga 1945 - 1997 (in German). DSFS. 1998
- Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (in German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga. DSFS.
- Kicker Almanach, (in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937. Kicker Sports Magazine.
- Süddeutschlands Fußballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (in German) History of Southern German football in tables, by Ludolf Hyll.
- 50 Jahre Bayrischer Fußball-Verband (in German) 50-year-anniversary book of the Bavarian FA. Vindelica Verlag. 1996
- (in German) Bayrischer Fußball-Verband (Bavarian FA)
- (in German) Das deutsche Fußball Archiv Historic German league tables
- (in German) Bavarian League tables and results
- (in German) Website with tables and results from the Bavarian Oberliga to Bezirksliga